col

Cite this: eDIL s.v. col or dil.ie/10473
Last Revised: 2019

n o, n. (see Ml. 91a21 below). m. IGT Decl. § 67 .

(a) infringement, violation; wrong, sin : in chuil gl. piaculi, Ml. 16c1 . cen ch.¤ fair gl. expers mali, 93d1 . forsna mmórch. gl. tantorum scelerum, 91a21 . inna c.¤ (g p.), Thes. i 714.10 . cuimrech an coimdeth ba c.¤ , Blathm. 122 . c.¤ a nomine caligo , Corm. Y 349 . O'Curry 143 ( H 3.18, 80 ). ar c[h]ul no aimleas `for sin or hurt', Ériu xii 170.4 (TÉ). manab duinoirguin no nac cul coicle .i. . . . ni bes col no bes cloen .i. fell no eithech . . ., O'Curry 638 ( H 3.18, 307 ). do choluib clercechta clerical sins, Ériu ii 228.9 . o'tconncatar . . . éccraibdige D. ┐ a chula hile, PH 967 . c.¤ .i. a colpa, non culpa apud ueteres , O'Mulc. 232 . a haithli in chuil doronni .i. duni d'ithi, TTebe 3412 . scris ar culu ┐ ar corbaid, LB 74b8 . c.¤ sídh violation of, Aithd. D. 84.17 . claonadh mo [chuil] (cail, MS.) fan umhla `let my sins yield to humility', PBocht 12.32 .

In phrr. is c.¤ do it is unlawful for; ní c.¤ do X. X is entitled to, it is lawful for X: is c.¤ dúin, Fél. Ep. 98 . is ch.¤ do cach ḟir d'Eoganacht goinfes fer do C[h]recrugu, ZCP viii 309.22 . ní c.¤ dó cid less ar mbéo et ar mmarb gl. siue ergo uiuimus, siue morimur, Domini sumus, Wb. 6b20 (i.e. dead or alive we belong to Him). comtangad cách forcital crist ar ni c.¤ do attá a deolid iar cúul caích `it is no fault of His that His grace is behind everyone', 31c15 (`non nefas, vel immeritum, si', Sarauw, n.). asbertadar fris nārbo ch.¤ dō, ar doradsad mōr do maith dō fora lonnges (Medb and Ailill urging Fergus to enter the battle against the Ulaid), TBC-I¹ 3542 .

(b) In particular, incest : eter fer is mnái ba c.¤ , SR 6711 . luid ina gnáis, ciarbo ch.¤, / don tsiair, Metr. Dinds. iii 44.73 . Ioruath mar do aontuigh ch.¤ / lé chéile is bean a bhráthar, Dán Dé xi 23 .

Hence (c) degree of kinship as impediment to marriage : ni bhi c.¤ fria seitic doib, acht siur nó mathair, Marco P. 27 . Cf. 39 . foigsi an chuil the nearness of the relationship, Mac Aingil 3004 .

By extension (d) guilt, blame(?): cech olc dogní in tuath / . . . / ort a ch.¤ sech cach, LL 18962 . In an imprecation: fair a ch.¤ ┐ a dhuabhais, SG 242.24 . (olc) ort do chlé ┐ do ch.¤ duabais, RC xxix 132 § 45 . 146 § 70 .

Attrib. g s sinful, wicked; forbidden by laws of consanguin- ity: cen chuibdi clethi no cuil secret or sinful union, SR 2399 . ben chuil ` concubine ', PH 867 . mna cúil ┐ cairdeasa dionnarbhadh ó fheraibh 'to put away concubines and lemans from men', AFM ii 1100z (s.a. 1152) . an corp cuil, Dán Dé xxii 27 . céile chuil `forbidden spouse', A. Ó Dálaigh xv 14 . fear cuil `kinsman', Donlevy 94.17 . g p. ba gnimh c.¤ , Blathm. 47 .

Predic. g s. is cuil a nda-radais dam, bid ingen nos-bér (i.e. you have given me the wrong remedy. She wanted a son), BDD² 68 . cuil .i. olc no toirmisgthe, O'Cl. , citing this ex. ? do damnaid na coladh, ACL iii 241 § 15 (: comall).

Compds. ? bid docht huas colblai cuind, IT iii 17 § 44 (chorplæ, v.l.). Cf. ceithre colcluiche `guilty games' (because of danger involved), Celtica viii 150.3 , 151 . dā cholcomhardha nār clais `two sinful tokens(?) in our choir', Ériu xviii 64 § 28 .