crothaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crothaid or dil.ie/13149
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: croithid, crathaid, craithid, crothad

v ā (cf. 2 crod?) also croithid, crathaid, craithid.

(a) shakes, causes to tremble; brandishes: líth . . . / crothass loṅga lúatha, Fél. Sept. 9 . crothais domnu, Corp. Gen. 2.48 . ce ro crateá rígaball fó rigthorad immi, LU 6468 (TBC). ro croth . . . Manannan a brat eter Coin culand ┐ Faind, 4032 ( SCC 48 ). ? crothid conchend catha ceirp, 3629 ( 31 ). crothis a scíath ┐ cresaígis a slega, 6282 (TBC). crithir crithes crothas cuan, Auraic. 5260 . rochroth armu Alinde, Metr. Dinds. ii 82.40 . in t-Úar ronúar-chroth `who stirred its cold waters', iv 230.x . cāin crothfidher gaiscedh, ZCP x 344.20 (cf. EaB ii 720 § 20 ). sról mar chraiter lé cumail, IGT Decl. ex. 738 . ? crotait irgala ecrat, LL 35939 . do chraith he fen amal aquil, YBL 151a13 . co ru-s-craith in pelait uile, PH 547 . gur croithestair slíabh n-Elpa uadh (intrans.?), CCath. 863 . With prep. AS: crothaidh eiste na h-armu sin 'shakes off those missiles', CCath. 3651​ .

Form unclear in: ros ecroth a chend (recte a cenn) frisin slúag, LU 5268 = TBC-I¹ 792 = craith[h]is, TBC St. 1283 . ros ecroth úad frisna slúagaib (of heads), LU 6564 . rose-chroth, TBC-I¹ 2049 = ros croth, TBC-LL¹ 2740 .

(b) sprinkles, scatters : crothaidh luaithredh oraibh fein, Smaointe B. Chr. 3957 . croithid a fuil mur idhbairt uime, Maund. 149 . co crothann (crothad, v.l.) inn uisci sin co srebhaib ┐ srothaib, Éigse xxi 3 § 2 . croith uisce glanta orra, Numbers viii 7 . Note also: do chraith ross tarum, YBL 148a48 .

(c) plunders, harries, harrasses ; crothais Brega / B.B., Corp. Gen. 5.17 . ro croithset na Troianu in dínn, BB 424a41 . crothfidir for cathir saetraigfit for saerclanda, 429b45 . rotus croith im a n-ór robbed them of their gold, Alex. 1092 . rochroid descert domain / cath C., ZCP iii 38.7 . ro chroithset ┐ ro airgset an tír uile, AFM ii 1154.11 .

Vn. crothad. Part. miosúr maith dingthe, croithte, Lk. vi 38 .