1 dam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dam or dil.ie/14462
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: doim, daim, daum, dum, dam, doim, daim, damaib, daumu, dumu, damu

n o,m. g s. doim, daim. d s. daum, dum, dam. n p. doim, daim. d p. damaib. a p. daumu, dumu, damu.

I An ox : dam .i. bos , Goid. 77 a . ní don daum storidiu act is dínni, Wb. 10 d 8 . is bés leosom in daim (n pl.) do thuarcuin ind arbe, ib. 10 d 6 . in daim (n p.) dodaascansat, Thes. ii 340. 4 . ech fri aige dam fri har bo fri blicht, Laws i 122. 10 . athgabail cuicthi...im damu nad be tairchesa, ib. 184. 13 . lethmiach cach cuilgaib (sic) ó dam co dartaig fri feis, ib. iv 90. 19 . rotarb suas dauṁa (sic) ┐ dam conchaid ní tiaghad a comraind, ib. iv 100. 25 . fichi bó dá tarbb sé doim, iv 310. 26 . baib blichta daim cacha mamu, v 220. 11 . fuil dam oca ngabáil, ib. 152. 3 . áin dam fri fedain techta ( imain na ndam, l. 14 ), ib. 136. 6 . imfedain i ndamaib, ib. 474. 8 . is irrechtaib bó ┐ dam ┐ ech, FB 24 ( IT i 264. 11 ). (a lám) irraibe ere fichet cuinge do damaib, ib. 91 (l. 20) . méit chore rodaim, ib. Arddān co ndam nó muicc maiss, LMU 17 (l. 7) . in mucc ┐ xl dam, ScM. 6 ; similarly 22 (l. 4) . bérthair dam ┐ tinne di immach, BDD 63 . atcondarc senada gela ┐ dumu finna. daim breca ina ndiaid ┐ daim duba iarmu, Trip. 176. 15 . laulgach no dam timchill arathair in tress sét, Corm. s.v. clithar sét (twice). fichi míli do sumadaib ┐ damaib fri himfedain cruithnechta, O'Mulc. 856 . dam ndartaide (sic) .i. colbthach ḟireann, O'Cl. hoc bostar. buaile dam, Ir. Gl. 1044 . tallsatar na daṁu robhátar isin tigh, Lat. Lives 79. 6 (cf. IT i 45. 1 ). co tardsat an éduighe for adharcuib na ndam cura impaset na daim, ib. 7 . secht ndaiṁ ┐ secht tuirc, IT i 311. 29 . nirbo chommairge doendam, CRR 4 . mo damsa is dam dond Dáire, ib. ar chend mo daim, ib. 5 . ciarsa dam co ndá mbeind óir, ib. dam i ninad cach daim, ib. 17 . cor imbir a búrach forru amal dam ndamgaire, TTr.² 1159 . fuath doim de uma PH 1239 . is iat crecaitt na damu, ib. 4637 . ere deich ṅdam, ib. 6296 . antí docheannuigh cúig cuingreacha daṁ, TSh. 209. 28 .

dam air a ploughing ox : for drumni daim inn air RC xxvi 28. 7 = dam fri har, Laws i 126. 18 .

dam comair an ox of co-ploughing, yoke-fellow; metaph. an equal, peer. Doṁnall mór hUa Domnaill... daṁ comair Cuinn Cedchathaigh ar chlódh gach cliathchai ALC i 352. 29 (synonymous with medh comtrom in l. 30 ).

dam conchaid 'a wolf-fighting ox' EIF 49 . dam dílenn a fabulous ox of antiquity. Originally a stag of flood, according to Stokes, Acall. p. 394 ; rather the ox of Dil, cf. dam dile, H 2.16 , p. 242 : dam dili treasingnadh Glinne Dalláin. asind loch cédna táinic a athair co ndechaid for boin do buaib in bhrughadh robói i fail na cilli co ndergnai in dam de; and Dinds. 44 : dá dam Dile ingine Lugmanrach. ib. 111 : dam Dile. SG ii 472. 10 : Bregh a ainm daiṁ Dhile. LL 210 a 15 : daim Díle. METAPH. of persons LL 9635 . —In `dam Dile' the `i' is short, as is proved by Metr. Dinds. iii 198. 25 ( LL 198 a 46 ): Dile: gile (Gwynn). Díle (LL) interchanging with dílenn (Rennes MS, BB), Metr. Dinds. iii 204. 53 .— geisidh daṁ dilenn dá héis, Acall. 850 . gu Cathair Dhaiṁ díleann, ib. 1250 . atát daiṁ dileann ┐ cliathbernadha cét inniú i Cnuc na Cenn, BLism. 129 b 2 . atberam dano do fremaib ┐ do bunud ┐ do craebaib ┐ do daṁaibh dilind ┐ dordaib esoirgni ┐ do ṁergeadaib &c. , BB 452 a. roforbair (in béist) cona ba luga hí oltás dam dílend, PH 7221 . roba coṁrac dá daṁ ṅdíleann in coṁrac sin, ITS v 64. 4 .

dam riattae a trained ox, broken to the plough: screpall ar miaslach luluigh ┐ daiṁ riata, Laws ii 200. 3 . bud daim ríata láig ár mbó, SG 396. 38 .

LOC. Dam drend, TBC-LL¹ 4802 . co Dam ṅderg, ib. 4806 . Dam-inis, Inis na nDam, Onom.

COMPDS. óc-dam: hoc jumentum ógdhaṁ, Ir. Gl. 758 . Hib. Min. 43 (metaph.). ro-dam a great ox ZCP x 369 . cu ngealut dá dartuid fri rodam ┐ cu ngelut dá dartuid sech rodam, Laws ii 74. 18 . FB 91 .

II A stag : dodúisgeadh agoinn daṁ donn, ITS vii 81. 16 . dam donn, 'fallow deer' Acall. 3521 . conaccatar ... daumu móra mǽla ina ligu, RC ix 482.8 . do bupthad na ndam, 482.10 . daṁ seng ag ithe in ḟeóir nua, ib. 18 . mór ndaṁ ndearg dothuit lea nágh, ib. 83. 7 . marbaid .vii. naighi díb imna trí damaib, Aen. 276 . dam allaid, gen. daim allto (-a) a stag. cervos gl. inna dumu alti, Ml. 48 d 9 . dá dam allaid (dual) LU 41 a 39 . asé roforchongair forin daṁ nallaidh toidheacht do threabhadh chuige est qui jussit cervum in aratro laborare Acta Sanct. 306 b n. 17 . adchi ...tri doiṁ allta romora, Aen. 273 . hoc cubile. leabaid in daim all[ta], Ir. Gl. 858 .

III METAPH. a champion, hero : ric in dam tri coecat ṅglonn, RC xx 144. 23 . am dam (.i. ar treisi) secht ṅdírend, LL 12 b 40 . a leo a ócdaim a aqil (of Christ), Hib. Min. 43. 15 . mac Feideilmid daim dásachtaich, Rawl. 152 a 33 . dongní daṁ dásachtach dím, Aen. 537 . posta...daim na céille, ITS xi 54 § 8 .

PERS. Mac in Daim, Imr. Brain 63. 20 . mac Daim Argait, LL 341. 37 . la Cairpre Dam nArgait, ib. 142 b . Dorcha ┐ Dam, Lec. 548 a 33 . 552 b 32 . LOC. Gleann Daiṁ, Gadelica ii 90. 11 .