2 darba

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 darba or dil.ie/14646
Last Revised: 2013


Forms: darba, dærba

n a bondwoman , syn. cumal. darba .i. cumal .i. bantraill, H 3.18, p. 68 c . = darb .i. cumul .i. bantraill, CIH ii 612.10 . darba .i. imat .i. cumal amail atberr a Cáin techta bered darba mucha anfis .i. cumal ó chách tar éisi, O'Dav. 629 . rohír dam...deich ndairbé, Amra Conrói, Ériu ii 3. 8 (H 3. 18 gl. .i. bancumala; darba YBL. ndarba, Eg. 88). atgaith dom...deich ndærba, ib. 4. 7 (H 3. 18 gl. cumala; v.l. ndarba, Eg. darba YBL). The deich narba, H 3.18 , p. 651 (gl. .i. deich cumala) stands for deich ndarba and the glossator's arba .i. cumal is a vox nihili.

All these forms seem to originate from an old compound dáir-bé, dáir-bae, dáir-ba (cf. dermár: dermair). It is hardly necessary with Stokes, Ériu ii 9 , to assume two etymologically different words dáir-be and darba (Stokes' darb, Ériu l.c., RC xxvii 88 , is an imaginary sg. to darba, H 3. 18 reads darba); for `darba' may be ascribed to the attempt of the grammarians to bring the no longer understood `dairba' (i.e. daorbha) into accordance with the rule `leathan la leathan.' That dáir-bé, as might be suggested, is only an etymologizing transformation of darba is strongly contradicted by the writing dærba, Amra Conrói H 3. 18 .