dásachtach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dásachtach or dil.ie/14714

Forms: dásachtaig, dásachtaid, dásachtaig, dásach- taid, dásachtaig, dássactig, dásachtacha, dasachtaich, dásachtacha, -dásachtchu, dásachtach, derg-d., dian-d., er-dásachtach

o-ā, adj. deriv. from dásacht : mad, insane, furious ; subst. m. a madman, lunatic ; f. a madwoman.g s. m. dásachtaig, dásachtaid (Munster spelling), Laws i 44. 1 f.b. ; 268. 3 . a s. f. dásachtaig, Laws ii 406. 20 ; dásach- taid, 356. 28 . d s. f. dásachtaig LL 189a6 . n pl. m. dássactig Wb 12 d 36 (adj.) ; Laws iii 10. 18 (subst.). dásachtacha ML 138. 32 . PH 1820 (adj.). voc. pl. dasachtaich Wb 19 b 3 . d pl. and du. dásachtacha (adj.) LU 80 a 32 . MR 226. 7 .—COMP. -dásachtchu, Mil 60 b 2 . ADV. co dásachtach. —It translates Lat. insanus, insensatus.

I Mad, insane . nonne dicent quod insanitis, gl. ished asbérat it dássactig in dóine hísiu, Wb 12 d 36 . O insensati Galatae, gl. dasachtaich, Wb 19 b 3 . óir tairrngidh sé go dásachtach like a madman Bedel 2 Kings ix 20 . — mad, abnormally furious, rabid : dam dásachtach a mad (furious) bull, a mad stag, tarb dásachtach a mad bull. is andsin imidrubart forsin sluag amail rotharb ndasachtach dia tabar drochbéim, Ériu v 240 l. 149 . tanic Achil fó ṡluag na Moesiánda amal tarb nd.¤ (ndasachacht, MS) dia t. d., TTr. 729 . romgebsea ferg iarsin ┐ dongní daṁ dassachtach dím BB 454 b 38 . trí caoga daṁ d.¤ ITS vii 15. 10 . Transf. maic Feidilmid daim dasachtaich, Rawl. 152 a 33 . bó dásachtach a rabid cow: bennachais in mboin ndasachtaig ┐ ba cennuis iarsin amal chæirig, Lism. L. 100 . Three Hom. 8. 26 . ech dásachtach a mad horse, a fierce horse: for dá nechaib diana dremna dásachtacha LU 80 a 32 . METAPH. is truagh an daille ┐ an dorchadas doiléir dásachtach...thig don ṁeasgán ṁearbhaill úd (i.e. do choir na drúise), TSh. 154. 3 .

Subst. (a) dásachtach o, m. A madman, lunatic, one possessed by a demon, one upon whom the dlaí fulla has been thrown; a werewolf (?) CMCS xii 16 (dásachtach .i. fo tabar dlái fulla, Laws ii 46. 3 ; iii 12. 3 ) ; translating Lat. insanus and often connected with such words as bailedach, báith, dochonn, drúth, mer, óinmit. cuibrech dasachtaid securing a madman Laws i 268. 3 . ní bí in dásachtach fri æicṅdach (sic leg.) ar ní irmadadar, Wb 28 a 21 . ní gaibther athgabáil drúith ná dásachtaidh ná oin ná oinmiti ná haimbil, Laws ii 44. 1 f.b. lánamnas genaig mer nó dasachtach fri drúth nó dásachtaig, ib. 406. 19 . lánamnus genaige .i. doníther tre gen og mear nó dasachtach fri drúith nó dasachtaid, 356. 28 . báith bailedaig drúith dochuinn dasachtaig, iii 10. 18 . boí dá- sachtach isin tsléib nooirced na cuitechta quidam insanus Lism. L. 1528 . Todd L. v 80. 2 . Also of animals.—(b) dásachtach ā, f. A madwoman, a female lunatic : frí dasachtaig, -aid, Laws ii 406. 20 ; 356. 28 , v. above. cethrar do dháinib galair...duine abrachtach ┐ dásachtach ┐ dall ┐ clam, Todd Lect. v 26. 6 . Lism. L. 1440 quattuor aegrotae ...energumena. roinaitcestar spirut deamnata i naraile sruthmáthair...rogab in dasachtach sin for taircetal, CCath. 1060 . —A mad cow, a cow possessed by a demon: dástaigther immon ṁboin co romarb .v. bú aile .i. demon dochuaid inti. dodiussaig som dano na bú ┐ ícais in ndássachtaig, Trip. 12. 29 .

II Transf. of one who behaves like a lunatic, a wildly foolish or imprudent person; emphasised ér-dásachtach ; translating Lat. amens: sed nequaquam eritis tam amentes ut, &c. , gl. .i. ǽrdasachtaig, Mil 18 a 13 . a Ner lái uait na dóine dásachtacha so put away from you these fools (viz. Peter and Paul) PH 1820 . atbar dásachtaig fén iarsinni nat bí do réir Dé LB 212 a 10 .

III Beside oneself with anger, furious, violent; con- nected with allta, borb, dian, díscir, dreman, fíchmar, garb. Synon. with dreaman, For. Foc. 110 . Dauid dian dássachtach SR 5890 . in duine dian d.¤ , ib. 6236 . dá- sachtach (dásacht MS) borb díscir deanacht garb fíochṁar allta, Eg. Gl. 216 . ag dianasgnaṁ dona dúrṡlógaibh dásachtacha dochum Doṁnaill MR 226. 7 . rachoṁḟaic- sigsetar cách dá chéile co díchéill ┐ co d.¤ , TTr. 594 . echlach side diandreman d.¤ dona dígair debthach YBL 177 a 9 . badb díscir dian denmnetach d.¤ dúr duabsech, Cog. 174. 7 ; ib. 158. 9 . trí deichneabhair dhiana dhásachtacha dhá ḟóirithin ML 138. 32 . is borb dásachtach aneolach cech duine ón gentligecht PH 720 . a dhuine buirb dasachtaidh, LFl. 17 b 1. 8 . dá lenṁoin go díscir d.¤ , 23 E 26 p. 286. 27 . dám d.¤ RC xxii 45. 4 (probably subst.).—METAPH. co creitt uraird dírig drésachtaich dasachtaigh LL 189 a 6 (descr. of Cuchulainn's chariot). ...air na bhrosdughadh ┐ air na ghríosughadh le tuile dhásachtaig an drochṡompla, Donl. xviii 23 . Cf. RC xix 138. 6 .

IV In a good sense: filled with enthusiasm, spirited : urduil ind éin déin dásachtaigh risi ráiter in dreollan ZCP vi 284. 22 .

V Extravagantly presumptuous : má thig duine go dásachtach ara choṁarsain dá ṁarbhadh le ceilg, Bedel Ex. xxi 14 . dásachdach presumptuous, Lhuyd.

COMPS.: derg-d.¤ , dian-d.¤ , er-dásachtach.

Obs., but given in most mod. Ir. and Sc. dict.