1 dé

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dé or dil.ie/14794

Forms: dé, diad, déithe, diaid, diaig, dé, dé, déith, diaid, díaig, died, diaid, dé, diadh, déithe

n t, f. Smoke, haze , &c. n s. dé, from the Glosses (dæ, Mil 57 a 10 ) up to the present day. Rhyming with clé BB 31 b 8 ; with gné LL 199 b 47 . Seldom diad, modelled on the ā-stems, BB 450 b 12 , EIS 140 § 22 . g s. diad, Mil 40 c 1 . TBC 187 . CCath. 1502 . Hy Maine 57 a 2 . FM vi 1962. 12 ; 2198. 3 . TSh. 187. 23 ; mod. id. and déithe (Kerry).—The derivative dethach points to disyllabic diäd. Unfortunately I have no instance from old poetry. a s. diaid, Expulsion 187 . RC ii 396. 1 f.b. LL 110 a 12 . BB 365 b 17 . PH 2407. 7109 . MacCgl. 63. 6 . O'Dav. 632 . 1586 . diaig TBC 5508 . Superseded by the nom. form dé FM vi 2116. 8 f.b. ; mod. dé and déith (sic W. Kerry). d s. diaid LL 124 a 41 . díaig PH 2505 . died RC iii 344. 12 = diaid.

I Smoke, fume , as opposed to lassair `flame' and teine `fire.' It renders Lat. fumus. diaidh .i. múch smoke, vapour P. O'C.

(a) uice fumi omnis eorum elatio euan- escit, gl. amal arindchrin dæ ┐ asindbail as smoke perishes and dies Mil 57 a 10 . rothin (sc. in diabul) fochétóir amal diaid RC ii 396. 1 f.b. Todd Lect. v 97. 11 . attáit tenti ┐ fóidit diaid in teined sair co hOsseirge, Exp. 187 . atáid tenid cáin...cen diaid cen chiaig cen crithir, MacCgl. 63. 6 ; 117. 21 . dath na diad, Hy Maine 57 a 2 . amal téid de do deightheinidh, Lib. Flav. 33 b 2. 14 . is cumair in pian aimserda ar is fri diaid thened is casmail PH 2407 . teine diad a smoky fire : teanndáil nó t. dhiadh, TSh. 187. 23 . the smoke from an encampment: ragabsatar dúnad ┐ longphort inn aidchi sin cor ba dlúim diad ┐ tened (a standing phrase) etir chethri áthaib Ái TBC 187 . the smoke from a volcano: co maiged (i.e. maided) a duibdiad ┐ a lasra a huamaib ┐ a hairchelaib in tṡlébi sin (i.e. Etna) BB 450 b 12 . the smoke from a devastated country or city: dar leo is tre smúitcheo diad ┐ tre corrthair lasrach nolaefedh in cathraigh uile, CCath. 1502 . dé is dethach smoke and vapour : robad smúittcheo diadh ┐ dethaighe in tír uile dia néis FM vi 2198. 3 . an dlúiṁcheo diadh ┐ dethaighe roleth óna forloisccthib, ib. vi 1962. 13 . ib. 2116. 8 f.b. dochuireadar an baile uile tre smúr dhiadh ┐ deataigh, Caith. Chong. 52. 15 .

(b) a smoking fire = teine diad: a thócbáil ┐ a chosa suas...┐ de mór fói PH 1238 .

(c) the smoke of a fired gun: roleiccsiot dé ┐ detach a ndubhpúdair foa súilib FM vi 2116. 8 f.b.

(d) odorous smoke as that of incense : túis...athascnaid a de side iarna hadandad i núaislib nime PH 7020 . amail diaid thúsi, ib. 7109 .

(e) smoke, fume as the symbol of Satan and the demons : dochonnaic sí in satan...a dhe ┐ a lasair asa chraes ┐ asa ṡróin, Lism. L. 1409 . TLS v 74. 13 . a dé ┐ a lassar asa chraess ┐ asa ṡrónaib sechtair, Three Hom. 72. 30 . dochóid ass in draicc ┐ tórruma demun impe coro lín in tempul dia díaig ┐ dia bréntur PH 2505 .

(f) smoke or fume, arising from the anger of the righteous: in dé iarum tánic dítsu ar thimdergad foloi side i nardda coro scáil na demna LL 273 b 48 , ZCP x 378 .

II Esp. the smoke from the hearth or house-fire (tellach); hence sometimes, like teine and tellach, as a symbol of the house or the home. hi tellach thírmaide...nárotlosci a lassar nárotbena a dé, MacCgl. 95. 27 . dé do thig LB 156 a 57 . nocho bia i nÉirinn...teag ná treb ná ten ná de (: clé) BB 31 b 8 . co facca a dún fornocht cen diaidh cen teach cen tenid, ib. 365 b 17 . biaidh gan diaigh Eaṁuin Uladh, 3 C 13, 659. 9 .—According to old beliefs the smoke of the hearth betrays the secrets of the house and the fate of its inhabitants, cf. adgníed din died (diaid LL 124 a 11 ) notheche din tich a llín nombíd co nngalur ann (┐ cech galar nobíd and, add. LL), RC iii 344. 12 . asé sin dobeir aithne ar galar in duine tre diaig in tigi i mbí dḟaicsin TBC 5508 .

III Vapour or steam, arising from heat: coire airgdidi do ná tic dé ná deathach FDG 507 . de en foulachtae the vapour of the concoction RC xii 100. 10 .

IV Haze, misty appearance, watery vapour : siadair denn do cach dinn: dé do loch linn lán haze from the lake of full waters Four Songs 10. 8 = RC v 202. 1 .

V A gust or blast of air : dé do ghaoith a gust of wind Dinn. P. O'C. de áith a sharp blast of wind P. O'C. , probably taken from O'Cl.'s de aith .i. gaoth (perhaps meant to render the spoken déith, i.e. déh; or cf. the obscure deaait, For. Foc. 120 ).

VI Like Lat. anima breath, the breath as the principle of life, soul : dend .i. de ut est denn a nanma .i. dé a[n]ma i ndáinib hí .i. in anál. nó amail diaidh do theinid, O'Dav. 632 . dé den anam a little breath of life P. O'C. In this sense still common in the spoken language: tá an déith as he is dead, efflata est anima, opp. tá an déith ann he is still alive (W. Kerry, Conn.). cuireadh go dí deireadh na déithe é ach dochas sé airist, or dochuaidh sé go dí d. na d. he was on the point of death but recovered (W. Kerry, Conn.).

VII PROV. proprium fumi est ut ignem nuntiat secuturum, gl. is gnáth lassar hi tiarmoracht diad flame is customary after smoke Mil 40 c 1 . is dorn im diaid tor mbriathar a multitude of words is a fist round smoke O'Dav. 1586 (Stokes' translation gives no sense); cf. as dorn im dhiaidh, Buile Suibni 54. 27 .

VIII COMP. mí-dé: is míde tucad dún tair. dorat mígne dár menmain LL 199 b 47 .

MOD. dé, g s. diadh, déithe, v. V, VI. Obs. in Sc. P. O'C. also gives the sense ` grief, sorrow, sadness .'—Cf. dethach.