dech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dech or dil.ie/14869

Forms: deg, dechu

adj indecl. deg Wb 23 a 3 . 31 a 6 (in both cases before the verb as a verbal particle and only slightly accented; deg- as mad-(génatar) and not due to dag, as Thurneysen Handb. 227 suggests). deich Tig. A.D. 648 . tech with unaspirated d after the cop. as, Mil 37 d 3 . 73 a 10 .—Old- and Mid.-Ir. sup. of maith good. In Mid.-Ir. gradually superseded by ferr, the constant v.l. of dech in late MSS. Analog. dechu, Alex. 57 (LB). deacha O'R. —dech .i. maith, Stowe Gl. 315 . Arch. i 62 no. 115 . O'D. Suppl. death .i. maith, Stowe Gl. 76 (if not = deagh). deach .i. fearr. ba dheach .i. ba fearr, O'Cl. is deich .i. is fearr H 3. 18 p. 530 .—Rhymes with ech, Anecd. iii 56. 12 .—Traced to Gk. δίκαιος: dech graece deceos iustus , O'Mulc. 303 .

A In the sense of the superlative. (1) in apposition to a subst.: Eo Rossa...dech duilib díriuch dronchrand best of creatures RDind. § 160 . (2) predicatively in principal clauses: is dech a llécud ammain mani ni aithriged it is best to MT 128. 5 . dech dó (viz. do ríg) fosta cen ḟeirg, Tec. Corm. 1. 2 . (3) predicatively in relative clauses. (a) aire échta is deach, Laws ii 152. 1 f.b. ib. 280. 19 . leth is deach the best half, ib. v 78. 9 . ind ḟir as dech i nÉire FB § 19 . (b) followed by a genitive or its equivalent (di): anastech tíre ised dorat dam, Mil 37 d 3 . ised as dech na riaglae, Ériu i 193. 1 . anas dech dagóc fer ṅHérenn TBC 441 . do neoch as dech engnomma bái díb TBC 1675 Y.—ise læch is dech di ócaib domain SC § 13 . in áge is deach don ḟine the best chief of the tribe Laws v 502. 21 . sét is deach díb, ib. 242. 11 . anas dech di ócaib Ulad TBC 441 . isé is deach díbsin uile FDG 495 . (c) with do: it is best for . cid as dech do mnáib ZCP viii 113. 5 . cid is dech do chléirech LB 260 b 62 . cid is dech do ríg, Tec. Corm. § 1 . ised as dech dó foss occa MT 159. 6 . (d) with la: deems the best , often = is ferr la prefers: ised insin astech latsu adopair dait, Mil 73 a 10 . laech bas dech lib do Ultaib FB § 13 . an robo dech leo dona trí cóictaib ingen, ib. § 54 . isí cethern is dech la ríg Temra CF 73. 25 . cia lán bá deach lais FDG 732 YBL (v.l. budh ferr lais). (e) as dech + verb: laech as dech fil la Ultu FB § 9 . gaiscedach as dech fil díb hé, § 14 . in cúicedach is dech búi i nHérind TBC 1618 . fáith is d.¤ búi i nÉri, Arch. iii 3. 13 . TBC 1104 Y; ib. 1297 . FDG 46 . —Superl. of mad + verb (cf. C): hiress innaní as deg roch- reitset hi Críst, Wb 31 a 6 (positive †madrochreitset). inní is dech reithes uad, Laws iii 294. 3 f.b. cliar Augustín... dech nochartais tredan, Fél. Oeng. Nov. 16 (v.l. dóig, dáig). Looser is the connection with the verb in the foll. instances: anas dech dorala i Cruachain, Toch. Fer. 384 . rí as dech tánic in ndomon BDD § 39 . isí oiged (= aided) as deachu dothaed ríg, Alex. 57 . ib. 56 . Frequent in the phrase Fib (amail) as dech + verb just as, exactly as Celtica xiv 1 : fib as deg ropriched, Wb 23 a 3 . eclais Dé...bíd a cert for leth feib as dech robái, Fél. Oeng. 4. 10 . feibh as dech atsaitar dilsi, Ériu ii 4 n. 46 . feib as dech atchuas LL 147 a 16 . coro ícthar friss feib as dech atberat fir Héirenn TBC 1613. 1622 . feib as deach rocuṁdaighedh feathal a nÉrinn FM ii 1156. 12 .—tucusa cor ┐ coibchi duit amail as dech téit do mnái TBC 44 . ib. 2041 . donug amail is dech, Anecd. iii 56. 12 . amal is deach rotarclumad cech fled riam, Alex. 54 .

B In the sense of the comparative and followed by oldás, indás: ní rogab Albain ríg is deach oldás Domnall Brecc FDG 455 YBL (v.l. as fearr, Stowe MSS). ní rabatar ceitherna ríg Temrach ní ba deach ina occu side YBL 325 a 25 . This usage arose through analogy with ferr.

C Oir. dech mad + verb = dech + verb (A e supra), superlative of mad + verb (mad-bocht, mad-búi, mad-génair &c.). This idiom has been concluded from the following instances: caite téchta prímgeine...cach fermac arosloice broind a máthar iar cétmuintir cóir cona coibsenaib réir a nanmcharat dech mo lesaigther eclais, Laws iii 38. 10 (Sench. Mór, main text). .i. is deg mo lesaiges in eclais... .i. as dech lesaiges eclais, ib. 38. 22 (Comm.).—Ragallach mac Úatach gaeta dé muin geleich: Muirenn deich moro- chich (.i. rocaín) Cathal deich modereich, Tig. A.D. 648 (Oir. Poem, disyll. deäc, neët).—is tri ḟír flatha cach tlachta dia nime dech marómnaiter LL 293 b 18 . The Mid.-Ir. equivalent of mad- is mo- (ma-): mogénair, or mon-: mon- génair LU 36 b 7 ; BB 479 a 29 ; ní mandernais LL 268 b 43 . The latter occurs in the Four Masters version of the poem quoted above: M. dechmon ro cich C. dechmon derich FM i 260. 4 .

adj dech fri best or most distinguished in: na hollumain ┐ anis deach fri cech ndán olchena FDG 25 .