airáin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airáin or dil.ie/1590

 

n (áin, lit. driving before , see Meyer, RC xxxiii 97 ).

(a) forefront, vanguard: ní dheanuinn uráin ágha / sní imghabhainn urána, Duan. F. i 19.4 . [fear nar] sheacain [uráin] áigh, A. Ó Dálaigh lv 12 . Cf. forbuise cocaidh ┐ errain, ALC i 270.15 . ind ócbud berte innurain nellaig (annurain nellaig, inurain nell-, inurrain nella v.l.), Fianaig. 24.19 `who carry (i.e. lead) the vanguard of the combat', RC xxxiii 98 . adv Adverbial in sense of ahead, in forefront etc. (cf. remáin): dodeochaid trī cōicdaib ōclach riasna slūagaib aurāin co tānic co hA., ZCP viii 309.30 . m'animm la haingliu eráin / nimthair duinebad gelain, LB 242b83 . Perh. also in: conecmaingsem aurain (urain, airain, ærain, v.l.) / ar cenn fri cenn Enair, Fél. Ep. 7 .

(b) refusal (of hospitality) (lit. perh. driving on [a guest to the next house]) (cf. esáin, Críth G. p. 87 ): biathad cen airain neich cen daim techta. ni fuiben enecland arain dar daim techta ar ni heitech do neoch nad o daim techta ci asto i.e. everyone should be fed without refusal when the number of guests is below the proper number. Refusal does not injure honour-price when the number of guests is beyond the proper number, Laws ii 386.y ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law p. 52 ). cach gaire ina cirt . . . .i. na tartar airan fair, Laws iii 36.z Comm.

(c) excess, over-plus: is dilus cin a íc cé beth urain ann, Laws i 278.16 Comm. in urain bes idir da eneclainn na fetheman, 294.y Comm. forcruigh ndaine do biathudh no urain bidh doibh, ii 28.19 Comm. [i]s aire do berur seoit urain ar altrum na hingine, 152.5 Comm. (i.e. more than for a boy). aisec na hurana . . . dilsi na hurana, O'D. 1576 (H. 5.15, 6a). luid fo recht, ard eráil (erain v.l.), Fél. Jan. 1 . erain no erail .i. imforcraid (quoting this passage) ┐ adeir in Muimnech ní fil erain duit, O'Dav. 780 . ní furain damsa mo riar `for me not excessive is my claim', RC xx 52.5 (ACC) (cf. furain .i. iomarcaidh, O'Cl.). In artificial explanations in legal glosses e.g. rath tar airdig .i. tar iaraindig, in imarcraid do berar in rath ar in uraindigh ar in dig urain, Laws ii 262.6 Comm. rath tar airdig .i. cia ernithar imarcrad ratha . . . ar in urain dighe, O'Dav. 979 . dilsi na hurandigi ┐ in rath tar airdig, O'D. 1620 (H. 5.15, 14b). an diupairt .i. a uranepirt, Laws iii 6.29 Comm. diubairt .i. urain eiperta, O'Curry 1755 ( 23 Q 6, 34 ab ). diubartach .i. urain-epertach, Laws i 54.21 Comm.

(d) In sense of heed, attention, salutation see 2 uráin, urán.