doich

Cite this: eDIL s.v. doich or dil.ie/17790
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: dóig, dóig, dáig, doich, doich, doig, dochu, dóig

adj (dóich ?) Mid.Ir. dóig ( doaig, Cáin Ad. § 46 v.l., RC xxv 35.36 ; dóig: Róim, Gorm. March 14 ; dáig: cāid, Gorm. Feb. 21 ). Acc. to Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 494 , ii 666, orig. same word as 1 toich and developed from it through nasalization in the common O.Ir. formula in doich? is it likely? perhaps ; a view contested by Thurn., IF Anz. xxvii 17 , Bergin, ZCP vii 513 , Meyer, Ériu vi 109 . Confusion could also have arisen after -s of copula (1 is). In O.Ir. glosses written doich, doig, compar. dochu, but dóig, Sg. 30a8 .

I

(a) As adj. likely, probable, to be expected: docho interpretatur puto, unde doig dicitur , Corm. Y 463 . tri sethracha góa: béss, dóig, toimtiu, Triads 136 . Used with cop. (expressed or understood) and followed by subord. clause (in O.Ir. without conjunction and with rel. form of vb.), or occas. by vn. clause: doig bas fír it is likely that it will be true, Wb. 5d36 . in doich side do? náde ní d.¤ is it likely of Him? Nay, it is not likely, 4b14 . in doich bid ar for mrath? is it likely that it will be to cheat you? 18a15 . ba doig bed n-ingcert in testimin-so probably this text is corrupt, Ml. 61b15 . menip dóig bes marb in gein, Ériu ii 208 § 32 . iss dóich dot-ícfaither, TE § 9 Eg. ( IT i 124 ). in dóig bát dom éligud-sa ón?, LU 3277 ( SCC § 7 ). in doig bad ē Conchobar? Nach doich, TBC-I¹ 2758 . is doigh is gar bás dam, ZCP vi 25 . is doig indisfit dún an ní . . ., PH 3758 . (Compar.) is dochu do quam contempnere , Wb. 4b14 . is docha as misi it is more likely it is I, Fél. 154 . With vn. clause: in doich epert det-siu `perchance thou mayst say', Wb. 5b29 . doig a mbith fo aengne, SR 2891 . na nethe-si as bud doig algus a [n]dénma things likely to excite a desire of doing them, PH 7795 . nocha docha h'ērghe-si nō (= nā) do beth marb amārach, ZCP x 48 . is dóthcha a beith ag fiaduch, ITS xix 88 . With conjunction: dóig combad ó Dia thísta, LL 117b6 . cenēl n-arba . . . ba doig co mbad é in corci, O'Mulc. 848 . ni cosmail conid tria spirut inglain . . . is dochu conid tria shualchi Dé, PH 2597 . Compar. with DE: is dochaiti conidh fír uair is é M. roscribh it is all the more likely to be true, Anecd. ii 36 § 21 . Rarely referring to a personal subject: ba-sam dóig guin do chnis | daig ind echta dorighnis I was likely to wound, I was near wounding (?), Anecd. i 13.5 . dia ndiglad nech iarna ecaib meite co mbad Mælodrán bad dochom do i n-Herind if anyone should wreak vengeance (?) after death . . . M. would be the most likely to do so (of all) in Ireland (?), Hib. Min. p. 78 = bid he M. bud docha, Rawl. 512 . drem as dóig diar ndínón likely to protect us, Gorm. March 14 .

is d.¤ limm I think it likely, it seems to me: dóig linn bed n-acuit, Sg. 30a8 . cate in tarb . . . in doig lat? Doig leam bad i ndiamraib Slebe C. nobeith, TBC-I¹ 883 . ba dóig la C. ba hí Medb bói and, TBC-LL¹ 1560 . doigh lesi ba codlud don aigid (= illa putavit hospitem dormire), Lat. Lives 69 . fodéma ní nach dóig latt, PH 1564 . mac . . . leis nach doigh fer a choisc da faghail who does not expect to find anyone able to overcome him, ZCP vi 29 . dochóidh i n-ionadh erdhalta in roba dóigh lais semus dia shaighidh, AFM v 1726 . Rarely with DO in this sense: dóigh dhamh bá machtna leis an ridire, ZCP xii 396 .

(b) Folld. by LA likely (in sense of likeable); desirable, an object of liking: a sense which seems confined to compar., where dochu alternates with tochu (toich): micc na muirech . . . ni huatha[ib] tṡáilim sochar | is docho lim Issucán, Fél. 44 ( Fél. Jan. 15 ). is e ba docha . . . la Dia do dóinib domain, LB 113b14 . Iesau robo docho le hIsac, BB 236a41 = ba tochu, LB 113b33 . issí is dochu lind do mnaib Erenn, Acall. 2793 . is docha la Dubthach in chumal . . . inú-sa, Fél. 66 . ní dochaidi linn hé a bheith 'na anmcarait ag C. we do not like him any the better for being . . ., Lism. L. 4793 (= ni tochaite, v.l.).

(c) proper, right (?) (cf. 1 toich): ni dóig immurgu sacrific . . . iterum fri degenca it is not proper (?) to repeat the Sacrament, Mon. Tall. § 56 (text doubtful).

II Hence in Mid. and later Ir. as subst. (f.) IGT Decl. § 14 . opinion, conjecture, supposition: dóigh .i. baramhail, O'Cl. doigh .i. fiadhnaise deise, ib. ? nocon doigh ata in test ecnai doberar for G. G's reputation for wisdom is not a matter of mere opinion (but founded on fact), ZCP xii 371.19 .

Esp. in phrases: dom d.¤ methinks, I daresay, in my opinion ; dar nd.¤ most likely, verily, surely: ní ro maith é dom dóith, O'Gr. Cat. 267.24 . anocht dom dhóigh ní mór mo dhíghnit, Keat. Poems 1596 . dar ndóigh is dearmad 's ní locht, Content. vi 100 . dar ndóich as aislin[g] do chonnairc tú, RC xxiii 10 . i nd.¤ in the belief (that), on the supposition (that): ní benuit crann . . . a ndōigh anma do beith inntibh, Marco P. 179 . do gab eccla R. ┐ O. a ndoigh nach fetfuidis cosnum risna págánachu, Fier. 211 . rithid . . . do ligin an cuslinn a ndoigh co madh fiuchad lennan do beth acu in case it should be, 23 F 19, 16va29 .

(b) hope, expectation, confidence: dóigh, dóchas, muinighin, Eg. Gl. 232 . atá dóigh agam . . . go bhféadfam dul tar na guaisibh sin, TSh. 9628 . an bhetha shiordhuidhe d'iarraidh ┐ doigh sheasmhach a faghala, Luc. Fid. 71 . a Íosa, a mo dhóigh, Parrth. Anma 21 . Folld. by prep. A(S): do bi do doigh as naomhtacht Mháodocc aicce such was his trust in M.'s sanctity, BNnÉ 274 . fa mór dóigh Robeird a lāim ┐ a glicus Muiris, Expugn. Hib. § 6 . triúr as a ndlighfidhe dóigh, Content. iv 26 . dóigh gaisgidh . . . níor dhéanta dhuit asat féin, xviii 33 . fer . . . as ar mó dóigh daoine da raibe beo a man of whom greater expectations had been formed, AFM vi 2058 .

i nd.¤ in hopes, in expectation (of, that), folld. by gen., RE (= FRI) or clause introd. by CO N-: nā bith āthus ort . . . a ndoigh mo grādha-sa d'faghail, ZCP vi 28 . i ndóigh an pheacaidh do ruagadh uatha, TSh. 8962 . i ndóigh ré síoth, 10918 . triallais leo i ndóigh ré tathfann na nGall a hEirinn, Keat. iii 5095 . i ndóigh go bhfuighbheadh fosgadh . . . ón doininn, TSh. 2560 . ag deunamh urnaighthe . . . i ndóigh go ndiongnadh Dia trócaire uirthe, Eochairsg. 89 . ar d.¤ (id.): rocumdaigead cathoir fo talmain lais ar doigh nā faicid se tir nā talumh, Todd Nenn. 188 .

cuirid d.¤ i n- puts trust in, hopes in: do chuir sé a dhóigh a nDia, Psalms xxii 8 . an tí chuireas a dhóigh i nduine, TSh. 618 . cuir h'uile dhoigh . . . am Mac, Fl. Earls 116 .

do-gní d.¤ de forms expectations of, builds hopes on (usually in sense of hoping to attain or overcome): ní gnáth dóigh do dhéiniomh dhí to hope to win anything of her (Leinster), O'Gr. Cat. 500 . dorónsat a bidbaidh dóigh de formed hopes of defeating him, Expugn. Hib. § 14 . fíor-fhlaith ní déantar dhé dóigh `the prince is thought too strong to touch', Content. xviii 120 .

Hence a ground of hope , and with gen. a likely or hopeful subject (for): ní dóigh d'aon ar n-agallmha no one has any chance in disputing with us, Content. viii 20 . díbheargaigh nach dóigh i dtroid whom there is no hope of overcoming, ib. note. guidhim Dia nach dóigh breige who is not likely to deceive (who is unlikely to be deceived?), 3 C 1 2, 387.1 . Tuath Dé nar dhoigh mbíodhbhadh enemies likely to be conquered, 3 C 13, 764.11 .

d.¤ ar chance, opportunity: robhiodh fein ┐ F. ag comhaontughadh re chéle gach uair dogheibhdis doig air, Ériu iv 57 (cf. follg.).

(c) suspicion, conjecture, hint, cognizance (of someth. hidden) usually folld. by AR: má berait dóig dochom neich if they suspect anyone, Cáin Ad. § 46 . fuair doigh [eolus, v.l.] aran ccuas ina raibhe an naomh, BNnÉ 157 . fuair C. doigh ar chogar na ceilge sin got wind of, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 42 . cuirthear i bhfolach é ┐ fuaradar na hamaide dóigh air traced him, Keat. ii 5979 .

(d) Hence manner, fashion, way, condition: ar in dóig i bhfuilir anois, SG 295.31 . maithim dod dhóigh dhíoghraisigh `thy anxious state', A. Ó Dálaigh lii 1 . mar leomhan ag iarraidh dóighe ar ar slugadhne seeking an opportunity, Carswell 65 . doigh .i. modh `a mode, manner', P. O'C.