1 droch

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 droch or dil.ie/18753

Forms: drog-, droich-, drochétaid, drochedaig

adj. forming compd. with follg. word. Exceptions: isna drocho doini gl. in malos, Ml. 24b4 (leg. drochdoini?). d.¤ do drochaib, dag do dagaib, Corm. Y 483 . In Wb. appears as drog- before consonants: drogduine, 1c10 , droggnímo, 6a8 , drogscéla, 26b23 . With assimilation: drochomairle (= drochch.), Ml. 72b2 , cf. 23c7 ; drochiall, Aen. 2251 , Cóir Anm. 29 ; drocuit (drochchuit), Cog. 60.24 ; drogniim (= drog-g.), Wb. 6a8 , cf. 25c23 , 27c13 . In later lang. droich- before palatals.

Bad , either in physical or moral sense, oppd. to dag- (deg-) good. Equated with am-: amnas .i. am-innas .i. d.¤- innas, Thes. ii 352.30 . With do-: d.¤-ailchi vices, Laws v 456.13 (gl. doailche). With mí-: d.¤-focul (gl. mifocul), i 148.6 . mi-rind .i. d.¤-rinn, Corm. Y 882 . mishilliud .i. droch-shilliud, 858 . droch .i. olc, 483 ; .i. gach n-olc, 427 .

(a) With subst. e.g. ¤aer bad air , Maund. 249 . ¤aisling, 139 . ¤amser, LL 360 marg. ¤bás, Fier. 243 . ¤belach: i ndroich- bheilgibh, Eochairsg. 17.7 . ¤blath, ZCP i 459.19 . ¤bliadain, ML 6.2 . ¤chairt a bad manuscript , Lism. L. 4527 . ¤chélmaine, CCath. 4051 . ¤delb, Ériu iv 102.17 . ¤diach evil destiny, CCath. 6103 . ¤étach, TSh. 2719 ; g s. as attrib. badly clad (?): mairg do neoch bis co drochétaid (drochedaig , MS.) doichlech, Arch. iii 221.19 . do fhóir . . . an mhnaoi nduaibhsigh ndroi- chéidigh, 3 C 12, 357.8 . ¤ḟágbála evil bequests , Fen. 200.12 . ¤ḟáistine, Keat. iii 3129 . ¤iartaigi evil consequences , PH 3283 . ¤lepaid, TFerbe 701 . ¤lind noxious humour (med.), 23 P 10, 78 . ¤menma dejection, despondency , LU 3958 ( SC § 45 ); Aen. 691 . ¤rann, Fél. Jan. 10 ; Lism. L. 2113 . ¤rosc, Tec. Corm. § 34.10 . ¤scél bad tidings , Ml. 129a12 ; in moral sense, 86b3 (gl. fabula). ¤ṡín, Fl. Earls 10.5 . ¤thuar, Keat. iii 3131 .

Of moral qualities, actions, etc. ¤airiltiu ill deserts , Ml. 103b5 ; RC xxv 242 § 15 . ¤ammus, Buile S. 2 § 2 . ¤banais : trí fóindil drochbanais 'three strayings of bad womanhood' Triads § 181 . ¤bert, TSh. 5360 . ¤bés, SG 281.22 . ¤breth, ZCP ix 262.13 . ¤cherd, PH 7607 . ¤chiall folly, senselessness , SR 850 ; Aen. 2251 . tria drochcēll, O'Dav. 1000 . ¤chomairle, Ml. 23c7 . ¤chride, KMMisc. 146 § 7 . ¤dál, SR 6934 . ¤enech, Corm. Y 934 ; BCC § 138 . ¤esimplair, PH 7471 . ¤ḟeras : tréde faillsigedar cach ndrochḟeras 'three things that show a bad man' Triads § 197 . ¤gaidhealg (of gramm. faults in verse), IGT Metr. Faults § 149 , cf. § 140.13 . ¤glúasacht an evil emotion: mailli rē claonadh do chum gach uilc ┐ drochghluasachta Celtica i 189.930 . crēd dā ngoirend tú drochghluasachta? 189.931 . ¤gním, Wb. 6a8 ; Ml. 90d11 . ¤imchur ill behaviour , ZCP iv 430.20 . ¤impide, Fél. 94.31 . ¤imrád, Wb. 3d5 ; Ml. 83c11 . ¤mian malice , Keat. iii 5630 . ¤rún, TBC² 1691 ; etlod tri ormath .i. in drochrusc (béim súla, drochsúil, v.ll.) 'stealing away through envy, i.e. the evil eye' Celtica xxiv 35 . TSh. 739 . ¤spirat, ZCP ii 242 § 139 . ¤ṡúil evil eye , Mark vii 22 . ¤thengae, RC xiv 424 § 45 .

With vn.: ¤bualad, Fianaig. 94.18 . ¤corugud an gaili derangement of the stomach , 23 P 10, 15b31 . ní dá bhfuil san leabhar-so arna droichdhearmaid nó arna dhroichsgríobhadh anything faultily omitted or wrongly written, O'Gr. Cat. 360 .

Of persons: droch-amus, PH 5017 . ¤ben, Aisl. MC 73.26 . airdena drochmná, ZCP viii 113.21 . ¤duine, Wb. 1c10 ; PH 7419 ; Laws iii 246.6 . ¤ḟer, Corm. Y 427 . ¤ḟorcetlaid, PH 4645 . ¤ḟlaith, Aisl. MC 73.27 . ¤laech, TBC 1660 ; BDD § 79 . ¤mac, SR 6148 . ¤rí, Ml. 105b1 .

Occas. as disparaging particle, low in degree, mean: droch- dán (gl. fodána), Laws v 108.33 . ferr d.¤-dán dilmaine, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hdschr. 16.3 . ¤duine: ní d.¤-duine . . . acht mac airdrigh, CCath. 4044 . cor' marb moran do d.¤-dāinib, RC xviii 167.7 .

(b) With adj. formed from subst. droch-bhlasda ill-tasting , Eochairsg. 69.35 . ¤dhaite ill-coloured , Ériu v 174.183 . ¤delbach, SG 308.6 . ¤gnímach, Isa. ix 17 . ¤thengthach, Ériu iv 32.1 . With participle: drochcumtha misshapen , RC xxvi 160.6 . ¤chóirighthe ill-arranged, ill-proportioned , ML 134.26 . ¤ordaighthe inordinate , Luc. Fid. 154.7 . Exceptionally with other adjj.: bid tana droichbheo (= tenues et valetudinarii vivunt), 23 K 42, 31.21 .

(c) With vb.: do droch-dénuinn I would do badly, O'Gr. Cat. 135.25 . an té d.¤-gabhus deachmhaidh who takes tithes wrongfully, IGT Introd. § 103 . dia nd.¤-leigistir if it is not rightly treated (of ophthalmia), 3 C 19, 99va14 . do dhroich- mheisnigheadar ar gcroidhe have discouraged our heart, Deut. i 28 , cf. Numb. xxi 4 .

droch .i. dorcha O'Cl. ; dark, obscure , P. O'C. , is prob. due to some special application of this word.