1 éim, ém

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 éim, ém or dil.ie/19799
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: ǽm, æm

in Glosses also ǽm, æm. Apparently a by-form of 1 ám (q.v.) of which it is often a variant reading. Used as a particle of asseveration or affirmation, usually emphasising the word or clause which it follows, but often merely expletive ; truly, indeed, in sooth, then .

I In direct speech

(a) in introducing a direct statement without reference to a foregoing one : ? eimi .i. ab emind .i. interiectio crepantis éim ‘indeed!’, from emind, i.e. an interjection of clattering O'Mulc. § 394 . a fortéitsi ǽm (gl. adiuvantibus et vobis...donationis 2 Cor. i 11 ) Wb. 14c3 . is messi ém, ol M., dorat fo menmain Aililla do seirc-siu IT i 127.31 . nir bo chucumsa ém, or sé, robo chóir dál inna caurath sin do thabairt, FB 56 . fochen om eim IT i 144.16 = fo cean ám dhuit, ZCP v 501.25 . maith ém a Ultu, bar C., in fagaimse acaib nech etc., , well then CRR § 26 . is demin em nach eiberind gai it is certain, surely YBL 62b14 ( = am, 284b16 ). ML 78.10 . a uasail, ol se, da festasu eim, ni suaill etc., , if thou but knewest CCath. 4517 . is do émh, ar sé, dodechadhsa chucutsa, do innisin duit, etc., TTr.² 82 .

(b) in response to a question, appeal, or command : citné briathra robatar? it hǽ æm inso .i. quando , etc. Ml. 61b7 . inn é Cormac sút? is é ón ém, TBC-LL¹ 185 . cid dogena ... ? ol C. dogénsa ém, ol B., imcossáit na ríg, FB 6 . nad fuarais aile? ar M. fuar-sa ém gilla, TBC-LL¹ 1741 . cia cuntabairt ro boi aige...? robo doig em leis curba duine namá PH 4784 . cia airm ita Ibar? sund ém, TBC-LL¹ 1125 . ate œm ní fercaigedar (gl. numquid irascitur?) Ml. 24b18 . cia tintud forata na psalmu...? tintud septin eim is he fil forna psalmaib, Hib. Min. 10.333 . a treidhe arrecar do cach hsairsi...ind airecar dont sairsisea..arecar eim, 3.91 . ZCP v 501.32 . IT i 144.20 . in cenel no in gne in etargoiri? is cenel eim, uair dianairmidi a gnei, Auraic. 894.14 (emh). 859 (emh). do iarraid ṡocraide chucatsa dodechadhsa [ar T.]... Cía no techtaindse éimh, ar P., firu in talman...dus-berainnse uile letsu, TTr.² 105 . maith a ingen, ar se,...in limsa doraga? dar ar mbrethir ém, ol sí, fil uaib, etc. IT i 226.9 . cuire samla fair, ol M., a crúth, ...dath a ech...atchíu-sa ém, ol F., na dá ech, etc. FB 44 - 45 . ind ēlife lim-so? ni ēlub ēm, ZCP iv 38.10 .

(c) in responding to or commenting on a statement (not a direct question) : duaircibed ǽm, Ml. 29c11 . (haec requies mea :) bid fír æm olsesom is sunt bia-sa i n-eilithri co llae messa, 137b7 . ra ǽra Dia duún ǽm (gl. dirigat viam nostram ad vos) Wb. 25a31 . ammi fáilti ǽm calléic in tribulationibus (gl. quasi tristes, semper autem gaudentes) 16a6 . Cf. eius femininum (atá ém) eadem, neutrum (ata dano ) Sg. 201a8 , 9 . ní ragam, ol seat...bid messu dúib ém, ol se, a ndogen-sa céin co tisaid lim, FB 6 . a cláin trúaig [or Laeg] rosíachtatar Ulaid Crúachain o chíanaib. nír rathaigsem eter ém, a Láig, 43 . nir bo chucumsa ém [or A.], robo chóir dál inna caurath...ní bá nech bas ferr nodgléfe ém [or S.] atai-siu, 56 . Negation : co n-epertis ón nadmbu choir...ní ed æm insin dorigensat that they should say it was not right...that however is not what they have done Ml. 136b4 .

After noch : isindí nachimrindarpaise noch ǽm am ísrahélde, Wb. 5a18 .

II In indirect speech or narrative

(a) with reference to a preceding statement, expressing assent or confirmation or negation : nathó, for C., am scith aithbristi indiu...ba fír ém dosom ani sin he spoke indeed the truth FB 31 . atberimse frib, ar Ísu, is oen uaib nomomairnfese. oen em he o áirim ┐ nirbo oen o airilliud one, indeed, in number, PH 5112 .

(b) in introducing a clause expanding or developing a preliminary general statement : sochaidi trá do nǽbaib... dia rofaillsigtheá rúine flatha nimi fón cumma sin...Rofoillsiged ém do Phetar apstal ind long, etc. FA 2 (LU). tinoilit i n-aigid F. Ba maith em in ti cusa tancus annsin .i. F., RC xxiv 184.4 . in Bethil...cathair sin in rig Dauida, in rotusmed Ísu Crist...cubaid ém, ce mad isin cathraig rigdai no genfed mac in ríg 'twas fitting indeed PH 6940 . atat noi ngraid for ainglib nime...saraphin em is e in cetna grad, 6234 .

(c) often as a mere particle of transition in adding a fresh statement almost = further, moreover : ro tarrngired o fháthib, roterchan ém Dauid, PH 5533 . édpraid dī túis don choimdid intí...édpraid em in morail...intí... he offers incense who...and he offers myrrh who... 7109 . fedhair eim banindsge for ferindsge intan isberar `is i in gobur', Auraic. 3167 ( = fedair dno, 537 .) feadair em ferinsce, etc. 530 . 3161 (eim).