1 eól

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 eól or dil.ie/20153

Forms: iúl, eóil, íuil, iúil

n o, m. later also iúl (confusion of d s. and n s.); gen. eóil, íuil, iúil.

n I

(a) knowledge (of a person or thing); acquaintance (with person or thing); experience (in), skill: eol .i. eolas, O'Cl. i fuithriu aesa iúil seers (?) RC xxvi 26.102 . aingeal dorad a eol damh an angel made him known to me BNnÉ 7.25 . dlighidh eól ar uile chumhachtuibh connsuineadh IGT, Introd. 2.14 . ben nár chuir eól ar an éra who has not learnt to refuse Studies 1920, 419 . sgaraidh remh'eol know me no more BS 16.19 . dorad dó...sgaith a heóil 'sa hionmhuine (poesy to a poet; possibly this is meaning b), Studies, 1923, 422 . dom iúl, ní fhuil...guais is aidhbhsighe so far as I know, to my knowledge TSh. 2091 . Cf. is éraise in rét in tserc | téit a héol cen immitecht (where a he. may mean knowledge of it or out of knowledge, into oblivion; astray) IT i 225.10 , and: romcobrat ar eol, let them aid me for acquaintance sake (?) Moling 48 .

In phrase: is e.¤ dom, I know, am experienced, skilled: in eól dúib a dindṡenchas ? Metr. Dinds. iv 58.2 ; 146.1 . LL 150a49 . as eol dam...cétna breithem ruc in cétbrith, Ériu iv 134.26 ; 136.2 . mas eol do budhen a gabail if he himself knows how to take it Laws ii 18.12 Comm. níor eol dí a cáin do chomhall (of Eve), Dán Dé vii 32 . ní heól do leigheas do dhéanamh = curare nescit TSh. 8172.6466 .

With oc: eól a ḟatha acainne the reason whereof is known to us Metr. Dinds. iv 172.8 .

(b) esp. lore, history (here perhaps: etir sruthu íuil RC xxvi 26.99 ): ceann ar seiniúil `head of our ancient lore' Studies 1920, 98 . innisidh eóil na hÉireann narrator of Ireland's lore TD 3.29 . tobar lomnán d'ḟírṡreibh eóil (of a book of historical tales) 25.28 . ná ceil gach iúl dá n-úarais (to a book stored with various kinds of learning), Studies 1919, 440 .

(c) that which is known or familiar, esp. of places, accustomed surroundings, home: eol .i. gnáth, ut est; ránic coa euol fén an fer | tar gach ler, Imr. Brain i 41 (< Harl. 5280, 49b2 ) = ZCP iv 160 n. 2 . mo brogad ḟor mara mūr | mu c[h]ūl do t[h]ochar frim ēol, ZCP x 45.16 . ni tharga co bráth dia echtra coa eol he will never return home from his adventure Dinds. 97 (= sheol, SG ii 471.41 < LL 170b ). Metr. Dinds. iv 144.10 . ag imsoi dia eol (.i. agh impos ina eol conicce in baile asa tuccad hi) (of a cow which strays back to its former home), Laws v 268.18 ( 25 ). re huaman a himana...da hiul agus da hoirrsleibtib firaicinti fein from fear of being driven from her familiar place and her own kindly mountain pastures (of a cow) YBL 340b30 = Celt. Rev. iv 108.13 . am úathad im eól `I am alone in my home' BS 24.25 . d'iarraidh m'eóil `to seek tidings of me' (to seek my home ?) TD 39.11 . Gen. as attrib.: om íathaib iúil from my homelands Ériu v 209.37 . IT iii 14 § 31 . ar ttaistel iuil is ainiuil [sic leg.] journeying through places known and unknown BNnÉ 199.30 .

Cf. mo disi a n-eol Mumhan (.i. mo bheithsi a n-iath Muimhnech), ZCP v 488.6 . Hence, perhaps: sa glaineól .i. sa glainfheronn, Leb. Gab.(i) i 102 n. 10 .

In npr.: Eochaid Iúil, IT i 220.20 . tír Echach Iuil (eóil ? : sceoil), 217.12 . cneit Echach Iúil (: biuil), 222.16 .

(d) information, direction, guidance; right way: ro imtighset rompa for iul na hingine by the maiden's guidance ZCP iv 383.9 . beir eol d'E... | is an tír guide E. GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 283 . sa tslighe dhírigh 'na ndál...dorinne an t-iúl guided A. Ó Dálaigh iii 7 . seolais [probably ṡeolas is the right reading] an uile ar an iúl [a n-i. text] in the right path xii 2 . dobhéara ar iúl i 8. clann nach foil ar iúl erring children iii 5 . réadla eoil na hóghachta virginity's guiding star x 2 . gan ḟear n-eoil without a guide vi 4 . Rel. Celt. ii 226.20 . ní cóir an dall gan fear n-iúil, A. Ó Dálaigh vi 3 . do dénoim eoil don fedain | le treoir...ngeinealaig, Hy Fiach. 278.13 . téid a leith eóil na huaime goes in the direction of (?) IGT, Decl. ex. 1165 .

Cf. ní sirthir riamh eól aithnidh, ex. 1299 .

II As adj., knowing, acquainted with, versed in: am eól...in cech airm | 'sin sceól, Metr. Dinds. iii 266.3 . bamsa heól...do sceól in chlíath-átha, 314.3 .

Cf. eol ┐ aneol...eola aneola, O'Mulc. 404 .