esbach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. esbach or dil.ie/20391
Last Revised: 2019

adj o-ā (esbae)

I Useless, vain, purposeless: imchomarc n-espach an idle question, Études Celt. xl 61 ( Ml. 35c26 ). is gním n-espach `a deed unprofitable' Metr. Dinds. iv 16.9 (Dubthir). is esbach in tsuil glan fil at cind-sa gan a beith...i bhfail fhir, Lism. L. 1334 = Three Hom. 64.22 . hespach do neoch a thriall useless for any to set out on it TBC-LL¹ 414 . esbach sin that is foolish (to no purpose) Thes. ii 307.19 ( Hy ii pref .). espach sin that is folly (of the act of destroying a town) BCC § 77 . ba esbach comrac ris CRR 55 . mairg na dingne córa friu fobíth is esbach a n-écoir do dénam, LL 234b15 = TTr. 1303 . ní espach linne in flaithius Rómhánach do discáiliudh fódaigh nach beith tarcaisne neich fort-sa, CCath. 636 .

II Idle, unoccupied: espach no deid (gl. otiosus) Ml. 35c25 . Esp. in Laws, Comm. n an idler (stander-by, disengaged person), oft. opposed to torbach profitable worker: Laws iii 242.14 , 23 . nocon fuil dethbir [torbaig] no esbaig, iii 482. 3 . slainti espaig ┐ etarbaig idlers and unprofitable workers iii 166 z ; 224.10 . is iat ata espaigh and, daine rocotail iar cur in íaraind isin teinidh, 190.23 (cf.: is iat ata torbaigh and, daíne rocotail ria cur in iaraind isin t., l. 21 ). ar na huile esbachuib uile, 242.16 .

Cf. is marb Conn... | ┐ Cormac ┐ Art | easbach an mac is an t-úa, Fianaig. 42.8 , where we should perhaps take the meaning to be useless, unavailing i.e. their valour no longer avails (since they are dead), but cf. follg.

III without good, unfortunate (?): espach éc ríg Mugna LL 32b12 ; 20 = BB 56a29 ; 37 . gid easbach aitreab Eógain | d'fhaicsin mar tá fa deólaid, CCellaig² 26.826​​​​ . do thuitset isin cath... | clanda C.... | is sluagh na P. gerb easbach, Caithr. CC 80 .