étáil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. étáil or dil.ie/20637
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: éadáileadh

n f. (the old nom. may be étál, cf. altire ┐ rathbuighi... | dobiur milgitan fria toil | sí anhetal cipsi chuin (on honorific portions) YBL 419b20 = ní etal cip tan LL 29b40 ). See Celtica xiii 142 , xiv 26 . g p. éadáileadh, IGT, Decl. ex. 1289 .

(1) gain, profit; wealth: edail (gl. lucrum), Ir. Gl. 694 . édáil 'ca dénum do díth do chomarsan (definition of usury) PH 7565 . airlegud can édail do denum air, 7568 . is dammainte in édáil asa fhuarais t'indmus, 7580 . a etail dana the gains of his art Laws ii 348.26 Comm. = v 96.28 Comm. ma fearand fuair ar a dan he .i. mad etail breithemnasa...no nach dana olcena `property acquired by [practice of] judicature' iii 30.3 Comm. tarladar meirligh ar bhealach riu, do bheanadur a n-eadail diobh `their property' BNnÉ 164.36 . dechmad etala cech oen, BColm. 50.8 . do dhlighfeadh gach neach... | d'éis a éadála d'áirimh | an deachmhadh do Rígh na ríogh, Dán Dé xxv 8 . mná anúaisle... | a mbeartaibh óir... | agus sinn gan édáil, Studies 1919, 73 . is mór a néudáill an diaghachd, 1 Timothy vi 6 . d'iárraidh éudála, 1 Corinth. x 33 . ag reic agus ag ceannach ┐ ag faghail eudála, James iv 13 . Fig.: cred í in edail na in gloir ata duitsi duine marb d'athmarbad ? Fier. 63 . bheith aguinn a hucht chóra...ní budh éadáil ód dhreich dhuinn | gan bheith san éagáir aguinn no benefit TD 30.5 .

(2) Esp. in sense of prize, booty, spoil: edáil spoil, plunder Kirk . a faídiud i tirib ciana do chungid allaid ┐ étala, LL 217b37 = TTr. 59 . ag teaccar na hédala sin (spoil collected by the Danes), Cog. 114.25 . gur meabhaidh for an sluagh...gur ḟaccbattar daoine, eich ┐ edála aidhble, AFM iii 366.5 . iomdha leó clár is coire | sa lán oile d'éadálaibh (warriors sacking a countryside) TD 16.59 . do ghlacadar long sa chuan, ni fuarsad édail ar bioth innte, Rel. Celt. ii 204.27 . rugadar leo na hédála uile ┐ na creacha uile, Numbers xxxi 11 .

do-(g)ní é.¤ ar spoils; makes profit of: co ndingnidis...étail orra would spoil them Expugn. Hib. 74 . a nderna mé eudáil oruibh ?, 2 Cor. xii 17 . do-(g)ní é.¤ (neich) makes a prize of, spoils, plunders: do-ní éinḟili a édáil `a single poet makes a prize of him' Ériu ix 165 § 21 . gur ghabustair long...go nderna a hedail eidir ḟíon, édach, umha ┐ iarn AFM iii 370.2 . aga ffuabairt ┐ acc dénamh a n-édala vi 2324.10 . ac dénam édála na criche, SG 269.23 . ag dénamh oirccne ┐ edala, AFM vi 1882.6 . fear éadála one `bent on spoil' TD 13.7 . Cf. fear na héadála, Ir. Prov. § 135 .

Cf. do fháccaibh M. aca a n-edala do techt for a leaptachaibh chuca, BNnÉ 244.26 (i.e. that they should obtain wealth without exertion ?). is é.¤ limm I think much of, desire: is étáil liumm in béist bec-so d'[fh]águail, PH 7204 .

Fig.: cach etail peacaidh fogeibed [diabal]...doberedh lais, co mbid oc a sgribadh [isin lebur], Anecd. iii 7.21 ; cf. 8.17 .