5 fál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 5 fál or dil.ie/21235
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: fol, Falmaige

n o, m.

(a) name of the stone at Temair (Tara ) said to have been brought to Ireland by the Tuatha Dé Danann, and generally known as the Lia Fáil . Not to be associated with a conical stone on Ráth na Ríogh, Celtica xxi 396, 400, Ériu I 167-68 : is iat Tuatha D.D. tucsat leo in fál mór .i. in lia fis baí i Temraig, LL 9a14 . BB 32b23 (see Ériu viii 106 ). Fál i tóeb dumai na ngiall atuaid .i. cloch in sin no géissed fonti no gebad rígi nHerenn LL 30az . fál ainm na clochi sin .i. fó ail .i. ail fo ríg, LL 30b2 . BB 32a19 . in cloch nogeissed fo chossaib cach ríg nogeibedh hErinn, Fal ainm na cloichi sin (etc., as in LL 30aff .) RC xv 281.22 . BB 350a18 . an Lia Fail bui a Temraig nogesed fo cech rig nogebad Erinn, RC xii 56 § 3 . cec[h]aing dar fal faen Temrach , BB 378b27 = fol, KZ xxxiii 83 (from H3.3, where it is glossed .i. lia fail). lengait Temraig tren titacht tuath Galeoin, | golaid lia Fail fri falgud fairni faireoin, Rawl. 115b22 ( Ält. Ir. Dichtg. i 41 ). Fāl anmaim na cloche, ZCP iii 459.1 (Baile in Scáil). rogēs fāl foat cosaib-se, ib. 5 (O'Curry, MS. Mat. 618 ). bai Fal and, Ferp cluche ... intī arfemath flaith Temrach, gloedad in Fal fri fonnad in charpait, Ériu vi 134.25 . teit dochum Fail. ... ; gloedith in Fal. `Arraet Fal' forsint slua[i]g 135.54 . an Lia Fáil: ... saxum fatale ... gaireas Hector Boetius di i stair na hAlban, Keat. i p. 100 ( ainm eile dhi cloch na cinneamhna, 206 ). The interpretation of Lia F.¤ `the stone of destiny' is not supported by ancient testimony. (see Journal of the Ivernian Soc., 1910 p. 152 ff .). Cf. roth Fáil Flaind, Metr. Dinds. iv 154.123 . co Fál as far as F., an expression used in connection with Irish kings to imply that they were high-kings of Ireland ( Wortk. 42 ): Eir[i]u fo Chund, Conn co Fal (: brāth), Anecd. ii 8.4 . Cuan iar Failbe co Fal (: Cuān) (i.e. after Failbe, k. of Munster, reigned Cuan, who was also high-king), Rawl. 163a40 . Núadha Finn Fáil ... no thaidhledh co minic in Lía Fáil ic cluici fría ┐ ag suirghi 'he used to visit the Lia Fáil often, playing with it [lit. her] and courting', Cóir Anm. ii § 85 .

(b) As a name of Ireland: Rudraige rí Fáil, LL 129a15 = BB 47b18 . ingen Echach Find Fáil, TBC-LL¹ 1675 . d'feraib Fail, 3119 . filid Fail, LL 38a4 = Auraic. 5385 . rí fionn Fáil, Keat. ii 5464 .

(c) more often in gen. preceded by inis, mag, crich, etc.: in Fál Mór .i. in lia fis bái i Temraig diata Mag Ḟáil for Herind, Ériu viii 106 (< LL 9a ). Temair Tiri Fail, ZCP iii 459.2 . crích Fáil, Ériu iv 222.2 . Inis Fáil, Keat. i p. 100.206 . d'écsib innsi Fáil, Ériu iv 220.9 . Magh Fáil, IGT, Decl. § 176 . Keat. i p. 100.206 (cit.), see TD i p. lvii . Cf. Inis Fo ail name of the mythical island whence the Lia F. was brought ZCP iii 459.2 . Inis Fáil name of Beggery Island, Co. Wexford. Onom.

(d) cf. further: firu Faal (= f. Fálchae ?) ZCP viii 564 . See Heldensage i-ii 430 . bid olc de cuanaib fal fomoiri fo tuili ZCP xii 403.17 (rhet.).

Compds.: ¤inis Ireland: rí for fíannaib Fáilinse, LL 128b21 = MacCarthy 182 . ¤mag id. Falmag, ScM. § 3 ; gen. Falmaige, ZCP viii 102.16 . Cf. i n-inpher an Falmoigh RC xi 130.19 (for decl. cf. Maonmach, IGT, Decl. § 138 ).