fíadnaise

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fíadnaise or dil.ie/21911

Forms: fiadnisse, fiadnisse, fíadnissi, fiadnissai, fiadhnaisi, fiadhnuiseadha

n (2 fíada) in O. Ir. io, n., in Mid. Ir. , f. n s. fiadnisse, Wb. 1d6 . With art. a fiadnisse , 13b16 . g s. ind fíadnissi 19c1 . a p. inna fiadnissai , Ml. 46c12 .

(a) witness, testimony; in Laws evidence, attestation . Transl. testimonium in Glosses. In Corm. Y 645 and O'Mulc. 499 derived from prep. fíad and nass perf. pass. of nasc— `bind.' ni óeinfer is coir da fiadnaise, it a do no a tri. fiadnaise didiu `fiad neoch naisi' ar ni ōg nach cundrath ocnā bí fiadnaise fo bith coimeta comne, Bürgschaft § 58 . da fer déc dorigne in ḟ.¤ le hÍsu gave evidence in favour of PH 2691 . ni dlegar a ṅgabail i f.¤ i n-ar n-agaid-ne to take them as evidence against us 2673 . atait secht fiadnaise forgeallad gae `seven proofs which attest the falsehood' Laws iv 52.5 . mana fuil fiadnaise aice co ndechaidh ann if he has no witness that he entered Bürgschaft 43.23 . táinic aingel De do denamh fhíadhnaise les BCC § 155 . ag íarraidh fíadhnuisi a n-adhaidh Iósa, Mark xiv 55 . isí mh' ḟiadhnoise I testify TD 7.12 . bíodh a fhiadhnaise sin ar Herodotus san gceathramhadh leabhar, mar a n-abair, etc., let H. bear witness to that Keat. i p. 228 . bíodh a fhiadhnaise sin ar aní léaghthar ag Galiensis ..., TSh. 350 . do-gheibhdis na daoine ré ḟada fán am soin; bíodh a ḟiadhnaise sin ar Éibhear ... do mhair cheithre bliadhna is tri fichid, etc. Keat. ii 235 (common formula in introducing a corroborative quotation, etc.). Cf. cuirim ort a f.¤ , ZCP x 42.3 . biaid iomad do chomharthaibh ... ann ... do réir ḟiaghnaisi an naoimh Hieronimus according to St. Jerome Ó Héodhusa 67 . atámaoid ag denamh fiadhnaise gur leghamar ... `we are bearing witness that we have read' (testimonium to O'Clery's Félire Uí Ghormáin), Gorm. 2 . asé ḟéin bhús bhreithemh ┐ bhús ḟer fiaghnaisi orainn, Ó Héodhusa 67z .

(b) a witnessing, being present at, hence presence; for transition cf. follg. exx. in which f.¤ is used as pred. with DO.: ra raidsetar fri T. ... techt far in n-áth bad ḟiadnaissi dóib [f.i.a. ina ḟiadnaise St] that was before them TBC-LL¹ 2839 , cf. rothesc a trí cindu ... go failet sin ríasc bhad ḟiadnaisi go rop íat na tri M. and sain 6026 ; bad ḟiadnaisi d'Fergus ra naidmthea sain that F. should be witness to the compact 2927 . ra raidsetar cia bhud ḟiadnaisi dona tarbaib, 6130 = cia bhu coir (do bheith) i bhfiaghnuisi gleaca na ttarbh v.l. See M. O Daly, Ériu xiv 97 . fiadhnaisi (gl. praesto) Ir. Gl. 959 . lucht na fianaisi those present ZCP x 306.28 . Cf. also: imthigidsi ar in sleib fiadnusi, Acall. 6343 (`Mountain of Witness' Stokes; the mountain before us ?). ní fer gualann rígh mhe ..., acht fer fiadhnaisi rígh I am not a man to be beside the king; I am one to be before a king 2362 . Esp. in phrase I F.¤ (with gen.) in presence of, before; (absol. ) present, in view, looking on: i fiadnaissi Patraic, Trip. 198.23 (fiadnaisiu v.l.). i fíadnaisi ind ríg, LU 1995 ( FA 6 ). am ḟiadhnuisi (= coram me) Lat. Lives 64 . co tucthar in duine sin it ḟ.¤ -siu, PH 2600 . itconncabar bar náimtiu do bádud in bar f.¤ , 1713 . teit ... dochum nime i n-a f.¤ uli in sight of all 2114 . dobretha a cuit inna fíadnaisi their food was placed before them LU 8967 ( FB 72 ). tucad in chét-bargen ... i fiadnaisi in gillai conduaid, Ériu i 132y . ro chaíestar C. ann sin a bhfiadhnaise Pátraic, Acall. 888 . a fíadnaisi a éitsechta present at his death Ériu iv 160.24 . ní ba gnáth sósar d'ḟeiss i fiadnaisi ṡinsir in tan sin for the younger to be married before (lit. in presence of) the elder RC xiii 36w ( LL 294bz ). ni techtu dam dál fri fer ... hi fiadnaisi na sethar as sinu andu, LU 10321 . do lucht a fiadnaisiu to those present CCath. 6154 . ba nós dóibh ... gan aoinneach do ṡuidhe i bhfiadhnaise acht gach aon do ṡuidhe druim ré froigh that no one should sit facing another Keat. ii 3905 . gach beó ... bíaidh isin bf.¤ will be present ZCP viii 210.16 . i n-écmais ┐ i fiadnaise, O'D. 925 (< H 3.17, 657 ). ro bói mo mathairsi ... acaind a fiadnaissi na himana present at the hurling Acall. 4086 . ro éirgedur Tuáth D.D. i fiadnaissi na himmana, 7054 (`proceeded to look on at the hurling' SG ii 250 ).

(c) one who bears witness (late, and f. even when applied to men): is fiadhnuisi an leachta so eadrum ┐ tú witness between me and thee Gen. xxxi 48 . fiadhnuisi bhrégach a false witness Proverbs vi 19 . ó Iósa Críosd, an ḟiádhnuise ḟíre, Rev. i 5 . pl. fiadhnuiseadha, Luke xxiv 48 .

See leth—, núḟiadnaise.