fo-ben

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-ben or dil.ie/22381

Forms: foben, —fuben, —fuiben, —fuban, ro—: foruban, fuichmen, fom bia, —fubai, —fuibitis, fodrubi, forubid, fo-benai- ther, focom- bethe, —fochmaide, forruipnetar, forruipnetar

v Ind. pres. 3 s. foben, Laws v 284.5 . FM 886 . —fuben, BCrólige § 53 . —fuiben, Laws ii 388.1 . —fuban, Fianaig. 26.14 . with ro—: foruban ib. 3 . perf. pres. ( ¤com—): fuichmen, Ériu xiii 13.4 (= fochmen .i. focuma nó fuban, O'Dav. 857 ). See ib. Ériu xiii 57z ff . Cf. nodonuiben (rel.) ZCP xii 360.9 . subj. pres. 3 s. fom bia Ml 15a11 . —fubai LL 38b32 . past subj. 3 pl. —fuibitis, Ériu iii 140. 181 . perf. 3 s. fodrubi LU 10770 - 1 . 2 pl. forubid Wb 27c27 . Pass. pres. fo-benai- ther, Ériu xiii 17.1 (= —aiter 60.2 ). past subj. perf. focom- bethe, O'C. 814 (< H 3. 18, 375 - 6 ). —fochmaide, BCrólige § 53 . The obscure form forruipnetar ZCP viii 105.9 may belong to this verb. On forruipnetar see also col. F 359.38. Vn. fuba(e), q.v. Lit. ` strikes or cuts under ,' hence

(a) in wide sense attacks (insidiously), impairs, spoils, invalidates , in physical and moral sense. Sometimes with IMM of indirect obj. Gl. vitiare Ml 15a11 . Ench. Aug. 71a [ind a]imser forubid [tre b]ar ṅdrognímu `the time that ye have wasted (?)' Wb 27c27 . foben subha síl Beraich it destroys the gladness of B.'s race FM 886 (poem). Bruchst. i § 114 . ni fuiben enecland arain ... excess does not lessen honour-price Laws ii 388.1 . foben inracus acobuir `covetous- ness vitiates worthiness' v 284.5 (with gl.: fobenaid a indricus uimisim saint acobuir na set). direnarsom amal ni fochmaide miad a tuisteda, ar ni fuben ni imo[n] n-ennac mignim ind anenaicc, BCrólige § 53 (cf. O'Dav. 926 , where amail nad fochmand graid seems a corruption of this). ni fuiben fortacht co n-idna .i. ni fodiubann eiric uait isin fortacht dorinnis, O'Don. 578 (< H 3. 17, c. 444 ). don galar fotrubai, Ériu xii 170.6 (fotroibi v.l. = fodrubi LU 10770 - 1 ). ó foruban crith cech cnáim `when palsy hath consumed each bone' Fianaig. 26.3 (perf. pres.). fobenad ┐ doairmescad menmain they harass ... the mind Mon. Tall. § 2 (see Rule of T. p. 104 ). mad fuba nī di dath ind lenna if it sully the colour of the liquid somewhat Ériu vii 148 § 11 . ni hairged fionn foichmen, Ériu xiii 13.4 = ni airgeat find fochmean (.i. ni fuban ... in airged taitnemach), O'C. 1877 ( 23 P 3, 21 ) = O'Dav. 857 ( Ériu xiii 57 ). an mōr do dula ar in mbeg, | ind fuban indt sacarbec ? Fubun [fuban v.l.] ón that much should go in requital of little, does that impair the sacred host (i.e. vitiate thy religious pro- fession) ? It does indeed Arch. iii 2.13 . SG 401 . Here perhaps: itē da n-anocht dēc fob-at in Gaedelg .i. claen ┐ rudrach, etc. BB 308b5 .

(b) of attacking or wounding an enemy: fomna in loech fodotben! TBC² 1511 = LU 5979 . ? mad mattain foraib imbárach i nUrd [sic leg.] ┐ ni fuibitis nech n-and they hurt no one (?) Ériu iii 140.181 (= na ro beotais ┐ naro ruibtis nech ann, Rawl. 132b35 ). ro fubad Find ... isind urgail LL 193a32 (= do fubad, Dinds. 27 ). rus-fubad cenn lúaithLeacaigh L.'s head was cut off Duan. Ḟ. i 18.14 . Cf. fobach .i. ... in ni fobentar a caisiul na hatha `which is taken from the "caisel" wall of the kiln' Laws v 488.12 = O'Dav. 976 .

Cf. fo bith na fintar in leat focombethe in mbliucht farrit [ = fa friut ?], O'C. 814 (< H 3. 18, 375 - 6 . Of taking distress in a cow-yard).

(c) intrans.: is gnáth ... dond oís glicc dolleicet forru indáil et fobenat iarum inna deud Wb 13b13 ; `they let the crowd pass them and then steal up (?) after it' Thes. (cf. Marstrander s.v. 3 dál).

See fuba and fubaid, -e.