focal, focull

Cite this: eDIL s.v. focal, focull or dil.ie/22400

Forms: focull, foccull, focull, focla, focail, —ḟocull, focul, focal, facul, focal(l), facal(l), foccul(l), facul(l), facuil-se

n o, n., later m. (for etym. see Bergin, Ériu xii 135 ). n s. focull, Ml. 24d30 . d s. dun foccull , 125a11 . n du. in da focull sa, 51a14 . n p. tri focla , Corm. Y 1228 . tri focail , Laws ii 242.10 ( SM Facs. 29b ). a p. —ḟocull, YBL 54b8 . g p. inna focul (gl. dictionum) Sg. 26a7 . focal facul (foghluma), focal(l) facal(l) (ón phersain, i.e., vn. of foclaid, q.v.) IGT, Decl. § 17 . As vn., foccul(l) facul(l) (on fuláiremh, add. v.l.), Verbs § 52 . n p. na facuil-se , Decl. ex. 766 . do bhí an t-érlamh 'gá ḟocall, Verbs ex. 463 .

(a) in general sense a word, a vocable: f.¤ quasi uoca[bu]lum .i. guthán, Corm. Y 621 . focul i.e. a uocula , O'Mulc. 552 . Oppd. to bríathar: na digebad cid a oenḟocul dia briathraib a single word that she said Mon. Tall. § 61 . Marc ... ná dlig focul faille `who deserves no word of neglect' Fél. Ap. 25 . a inde in focail is sencus meaning of the word `senchus' Laws i 32.3 Comm. `aingil' is inand iarneterchert fhocuil ┐ `techtaireda', PH 7151 . cid uathad in timna-sa i fhoclaib, aráide is lethan hi cēill, 5839 . In compd. preceded by a defining word: búadfocol an rorādis ... issed ainm forbia co bráth (= you have hit on the exact word) LU 10060 . na ferba filed-sa (inand són ┐ na breath-focla briathar), MR 126.19 . ōr nad fil lem féin findḟocla fair words IT i 68.20 . fir domuin ... no ṡídaigfed da thrí findḟoclaib he would pacify with his three fair words LL 267b41 ( MU² 759 ).

(b) by extension, of connected speech, phrase: senḟoccul sein ... la cach sruith an old saying, proverb SR 2897 . senḟocul so srethaib cland: ni lassamain cech n-oenchrand, TBC-LL¹ 2345 . See senḟocul. cid focal isin nadmaimm naiscess an feichem dofui[d]ben inna folta sa ? Aicc macu, rombia fiach, etc., what is the word in the contract ... that establishes these ? Bind gurantees, etc., Bürgschaft p. 18 . C. do mharbad d'Ua T. ... tre iomagallam ḟocail tarla etorra, ALC i 368.4 ( focal , Ann. Conn. 1245 § 1 . iomaccaillaimh feircci FM). f.¤ coirmdhighe `mere words of ale-drinking' Studies 1921, 589 . do réir ḟocail Mhaóise, Exodus viii 31 .

Cf. gabuis in aithgabail fri focul. fogellsat Sencha, bertside doib deisi fri focal, ar foloing focul co arubaruch, O'Curry 785 (< H 3.18, 367a ).

(c) of an estimate, award, judgment, etc.: tabair mo trí lanḟocull damsa, IT ii2 227.31 = ar ndtri drinnrusc, Eg. (glossed: focul .i. athchuinghi, 256 ). conid ceitri fichid bo cuid focall ┐ impide (of a ransom) AU 1029 (transl. `persuading bribe' in Cod. Clar., AFM ii 818 n .) = ceithre fichit bó ḟocail ┐ impidhe FM. dlegur dosom ... mes ┐ focul na críche do tobartas [do thabairt do v.l.] re sétaib `the estimation and award [test ?] of that territory' Laws iii 154.18 Comm. a ṡeoit d'idnacul do dia thig, ┐ mes ┐ focol a críche féin dó leo id. 24 Comm . In Laws a judgment or approval on test (Approbazion, Gutheissung nach Probe Thurn. ZCP xiv 350 ): tri focail for braich (i.e. malt must stand three tests), Laws ii 242.10 ; 244.11 (glossed: .i. tri fromaid, 244.12 ). cona mesaib ┐ a toimsib, cona foclaib techtaib (of a calf due to the lord) 248.10 . cona focal (.i. na miach .i. narub searb iatt), iv 94.7 (15) . gaib fort laim fiach damsa huait ... isind forus [s]a ... cona focal ┐ a dilsi ┐ a dilmaine im seilbsi, Bürgschaft 15 § 51a . 17 § 53. (`Richtigerklärung'). ollam foccail (.i. intí foclaiter conid ollam) an approved ollam (one who has passed the tests) Laws v 114.18 ; see MacNeill, PRIA xxxvi C 16. 281 n. 3 . Cf. is focul ata fuirre ┐ ni hincrechad de-side (of a woman who alienates property illegally), Stud. in E. Ir. Law 69 n. 2 . Cf. iar ndifoilgid ... .i. berar fear feine ┐ liaigh dia focol as ndifolaig, O'Curry 802 (< H 3.18, 372a ; not in Laws i 226 - 8 ).

(d) word i.e. promise: [a] fhocal do bhrisdedh ar Muntrós to break his promise to M. Rel. Celt. ii 184.34 . Parole; guarantee: do rattadh f.¤ ┐ cairde caicthidhisi on iarla doibsimoh AFM vi 2302.23 . riasiu ro chaithsiot deiredh a ffocail before the expiration of their parole, ib. z 0 . iar ndeiliucchadh ré focal an Iarla, ┐ gan focal an phrionnsa nó aoinneich eile aca, 2304.6 .

(e) gramm. a noun: re hucht n-innsgne ┐ molta ┐ bfocuil pronoun, adjective and noun IGT, Introd. § 16 . ar mholadh ┐ ar fhocal, § 19 . Of part of a finite verb ib. 168.22 ; 170.25 .

Compds. focal-cháid reverent of speech: fear ... firén foculchāidh, RC xii 320 § 1 . ¤gér: fileadha focailghéara ` pungent-worded ' TD 34.7 .