foirenn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. foirenn or dil.ie/22968

 

Forms: fairenn, fuirenn, foireann, foirinn, -enn, foirin, foirneadh, foirne, fairne

n ā, f. also fairenn, fuirenn (on etym. see Pokorny, KZ xlv 360 ). foireann, IGT, Decl. § 54 . n s. ind foirinn (rectius -enn) Ml. 33a8 . a s. frisin foirin sin, Wb. 24a24 . late g p. foirneadh, Content. XXIX 20 . cf. gredun na ndaine ┐ forned na long, Aen. 180 .

(a) an indefinite number of persons loosely grouped together by some common characteristic or merely for convenience, a set, group, category ; often takes the place of the indef. pron. pl. (Engl. some, W. rhai), folld. by a defining rel. clause, gen. or partitive DE ; generally with vb. in pl. Gl. factio Ml. 33a8 . is í .. fairend diar bo chumuc these are those to whom [the path] was narrow LU 2159 ( FA 23 ). fairend ... dogníat trócaire, LU 2194 ( FA 27 ). in foirend trá ropo chundla (= multi quibus erat mens sanior) Lat. Lives 88 . ro indarb ... in fairend na cennaigitis na maine PH 4521 . amail is áil leind dilgad dúin on fhoirind rothoccráidsem ... doberam-ne dilgud don fhoirind ron-toccráid 5823 . ar daig na foirne cretfit bi Crist, 1279 . fairenn cach ildana, Ériu iv 163.14 . cor marbad f.¤ mór dib a large number RC xviii 161.26 (Tig.). issed armit fairend conid, etc. some relate that LU 9829 . issed armit fairend aile others relate 7043 ( BDD 69 ). asberat tra fairind do sesib na trachture, Hib. Min. 11.379 . is lór la fairind some think it sufficient Mon. Tall. § 23 . iar foirinn according to some (authorities) RC vi 175.49 . LU 54 (common formula). f.¤... f.¤... some ... others: foirind dib a[c] cor a fotha, foirind ic ordugud cloch, Aen. 304 . rogabsadur ... ac cosaint .i. drem dibh le gainnibh ... ┐ foirind ele le clochuibh ... ┐ furinn ele re slegaibh, ZCP vi 46.28 . dá chend for indala forind díb, a trí lásin forind ele (of snakes) Alex. 718 . Rarely in pl.: is lor la foirne there are many who deem it sufficient LB 10b8 ( Rule of Tallaght p. 70 ).

(b) in more restricted sense a band, troop, company: mórais Fiadat fairinn `magnified the Lord's company' Fél. Aug. 18 . srethad fairne `arranging a troop' RC xxvi 24 § 73 (glossed .i. ... srethugud a dáme, LL 187a43 ). Eo Rosa ... fó foirne chief of a band (?) LL 200a3 (= Dinds. 160 `the good of a crew'). marbais cet fer dia fairind, Ériu ii 24 § 7 . ni bai forand no sochraidi acht gillandrad, Cog. 66.15 . go bhfuirinn laoch, Keat. ii 4342 . pl. fairne fían fortrén, SR 7198 . forne forúallcha na fene, Fianaig. 64.5 . gur bhrúcht sí [viz. an Ḟraingc] foirne uaithe d'áitiughadh críoch oile, Keat. ii 927 . oc flaithib Fáil na fairenn, Ériu iv 98 § 28 . mar bheith cruit le fuireann téad harpers (cf. aes tét, clíar tét ; d'aos dána,d'aos téad ..., Éigse ii 9 ) Oss. vi 82 . Crew (of a ship) : foirend aen-ethair, Acall. 4742 . foirionn na mbád, Fl. Earls 8.11 . adubairt risin furinn in long do deisiugudh, ZCP vi 51.11 . donti atchí in luing ... cona foirinn, O'Dav. 959 . Of inhabitants of a place, country, etc. ; má atá ... go moltar an fonn leis gach stáraidhe dá scríobhann ar Éirinn, díommoltar an ḟoireann leis gach nuaGhallstáraidhe ..., Keat. i p. 76 . ré fuirinn chathrach Ninive, TSh. 8375 . iar ndíbirt na seanḟoirne aiste (= ejectis veteribus colonis) Keat. ii 6206 . foireann chalaidh shore troop i.e. inhabitants (?) TD 9.3 . contr. with f.¤ allmhurdha, L. Cl. A. B. 130 .

(c) a set of chessmen, etc. : ind fhuirend boí for sin chlár TBFr. § 8 ( LL 249a11 ). leth a foirne d'ór buide, LU 1105 ( ACC 115 ) = a fairni, RC xx 282 . foirni finna a ḟidchellaib BB 280b10 = fóirni cona f.¤ , Leb. Cert. 242.2 . d'fhuirinn an bhrannaimh, TSh. 853 . ar fhearaibh foirne an bhrannaimh, 854 . rí na foirne, 855 .Cf. foirnech. Here probably : sleacht Bloid ... gá branáin foirneadh as ḟearr ?, Content. xxix 20 .

(e) rarely of other things : anuas do sóigh ... cnuas mar ḟoirinn óir d'abhaill, Gofraidh Fionn, DDána 99 § 20 .