for-beir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. for-beir or dil.ie/23374

Forms: forbiur, forbeir, -forbair, formberat, forberat, -foirpret, formberinn, forberad, forbered, forbartais, forbéra, forbre, -foirbret, forbertais, forrubart, -forbart, fororbart, forbart, forrubartmar, forrubartatar, -forberther, forb(a)r-, foirpr-, forbiur

v O.Ir. forms: Pres. 1 s. forbiur Sg 173a1 . 3 s. forbeir 32a1 . -forbair, O'Dav. 465 ( Ériu xii 200 ). 3 pl. formberat (rel.) Ml 71c1 . forberat SR 7275 . -foirpret Sg 48b5 . impf. 1 s. formberinn Ml 88a10 . 3 s. forberad ib. forbered LU 10641 . 3 pl. forbartais SR 3680 . fut. 3 s. forbéra LU 4257 . subj. pres. 3 s. forbre, Ériu iii 4.13 (`one would expect forroibrea,' Strachan ib. p. 5 n. f ). 3 pl. -foirbret Ml 27c6 . sec. fut. 3 pl. forbertais SR 2807 pret. and perf. 3 s. forrubart Ml 33c10 : 64c7 . -forbart SR 5721 may belong to another compd., see fúabair. fororbart LL 6b16 , Fél. Prol. 173 ( Thurn. Gr. § 529 ); ro forbart LL 168b38 . 1 pl. forrubartmar Ml 102a1 . 3 pl. forrubartatar 101a10 . Pass. subj. pres. s. -forberther, Thes. ii 255.18 . Vn. forbart, q.v. In later Mid. Ir. treated as a weak simple vb., stem forb(a)r-, foirpr-.

(a) intrans. grows, increases (in size, quantity, number); in Glosses transl. Lat. crescere, adolescere, inolescere, exolere, pollucere: forbiur (gl. redoleo) Sg 173a1 . O'Mulc. 637 (gl. glisco). amal formbeir et toirthigedar (fructificat et crescit) Wb 26c3 . in silne nemda triasa forbair gort na n-irisech LB 257b40 ( Todd Lect. vi 25.9 ). forbrigh [ = -idh] an charrac conidh mor hí RC x 88x (v.l. roforbuir). feoil lenam dobertha di co raforbreg [ = ro forbred] co prap, Anecd. i 18 . ro fhás ┐ ro fhorbuir in righan co ro aibeil, Ét. Celt. i 79.9 . ro fhás ┐ ro fhorbreastair an ingen ZCP xiii 199.9 . darorbair for cnāmaibh ēisc, Lism.L. 3827 (cf. rofhorbair ... co mor, in corresp. text, BNnÉ 77 § 147 ). intan ro orbair ┐ ro eirig a haeis BB 236a36 . meni thairsed a marbad forbértaís na nathracha sain (= arforbertais, Dinds. 13 ) would have grown so much LL 159b45 . cia forbrid cia sergait in loch, Todd Nenn. 194 . ar na ro foirbre in peccad aither- rach isin indsi seo, Laws i 12.30 Comm. ro ḟoirbriter ... ┐ ro métaighset na teinnte RC xxv 392 § 8 . With cogn. acc.: in flesc maet[h] ... is suail for-bera forbeirt will have small growth ZCP xiii 264z . Rises (in value, rank, etc.): ma ḟorbera folud a thighe, combifolud mboairech, Críth G. 81 . a sētaib ... forberat fene ... otha isel co huasal (i.e. in- crease in value of honour-price), Laws iv 354.18 . foirbeir saeiri breatheamain ... corigi biatad dā fear dēg v 90.30 . Increases in number, multiplies: (dialt:) is fotha ndeich, ┐ is ass forberat co forcend mbrechta i mbiat ocht ndiailt, Corm. Y 447 . ... ilar luba ... forberat uili immalle SR 7275 . forbrid ┐ imdaigid (= crescite et multiplicamini) Rawl. 70b2 . fororbart a clandside ... obatar i mmílib LL 6b16 . ro forbredar ┐ ro imdaigedur na fir sin i n-ilmilib, Ériu viii 8 § 9 . no tigdis sluaig nuadh cacha bliadna cucu, co ro forbarsead ┐ go ro linsat o Inis T. co C., Todd Nenn. 88 = ro forbriset BB 210a23 . ro forbretar ... cuirp ┐ cinn ... i mmedhon in armaigh, CCath. 6032 . cech tinne no traeta mó sa mó no forbritis taris (of Israelites in Egypt) LB 117a8 = ro oirbridis BB 239a45 (= in met fordingtis ... | forbartais SR 3680 ). Increases (in wealth), prospers: sergait maíne in meic moir ... forbrid ... in ósar co mba saidbre he nā a athair LB 158b9 ( ZCP xvii 230 ). forbeir a bfágoibh dia éis what he leaves behind prospers ZCP vii 269 § 16 . Grows i.e. comes into being: ró ḟorbratar tri hubla ... for barr na habla, Arch. iii 322.27 . can forbeir coimaithces? `whence does co-tenancy arise?' Laws iv 68.19 (with gl.: can asa foirbre ib. 22 ). Trans. increases, makes greater (?): forbeir a gail ┐ a slaine, Dinds. 109 (= foirb- BB 406a34 , but Ed. has forbraid a ghal, which seems intrans., Folkl. iv 490 ). acht mad Mac Con ┐ Cairpre | ni ḟuil ar na fairpre a ḟeirg (: leirg) LL 146b31 `on whom he will not increase his anger' PRIA 1893-6, 542 § 15 . 'against whom he does not prepare his angry attack' Ériu xx 195 § 15 . Perhaps this belongs to ar-beir `uses, practices,' but possibly feirg is used for nom. (see also Ériu xx 200 ); see follg.

(b) sometimes almost = subsists: combo de forberedsi di bolod ... na lubi LU 10641 (= do forbredsi, Ériu xii 156.5 ). Cf. (f) below.

(c) in follg. exx. folld. by a prep. the meaning seems waxes strong, stout, insolent (against): forbrid ar cách tria lunni | forbrid ar cach n-óen do gnáth | in rí co cuir bróen ar cách LU 9705 ( ZCP iii 216 ). co forbart Dauid ... co leomain na lonnbága prevailed over (?) SR 5721 (= attacked ? cf. fuapair).

In: forbeir for nem SR 2731 , `for' represents the inf. pron., see 2 for II.

(d) trans. outgrows; surpasses, prevails over: forbéra a bráithriu LU 4257 ( SG 83 ). fuacht nā forbir loscath cold which no flame overcomes ZCP xii 296 § 7 . Cf. forrubart gl. torsit ZCP vii 482.2 ( Ench. Aug. 75a ).

(e) in follg. exx. seems used for fuabair: forforbairt Indech a bandāil ┐ ni forfaem Dúirgin dó sought to make a tryst Dinds. 24 . cach aen beres cocair cert | fortbeir bendacht easpoc Earc `bishop E. confers a blessing on him' RC xvii 126 (perh. corrupt; the varr. are: fortraibh FM 512 . fodreith LB 23 marg. inf.).

(f) confused with ar-beir (biuth)? forberat isnaib muirib i tāt, cu tochratar a mbiasta ┐ a bledmila for tire dia sāsad, Ériu ii 130 § 98 (they subsist?). Cf. (b) above.