1 formna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 formna or dil.ie/23781
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: formnu, formnu, formnae, formnai, formnada, formnai, formnaib

n io, m. originally n. (formna ndagduíne, Ériu xlv 11 § 4 ). d s. formnu, LU 6924 ( BDD 54 ). LU 9762 . LL 282b33 . a p. formnu, SR 3992 . formnae, LU 6863 ( BDD 44 ). formnai, Gild. Lor. 161 . Acc. to Zimmer ZCP i 92 from formuin `upper back'. In texts the distinction between sing. and pl. is often obscured by later spelling. n p. formnada is found in late texts (BB, MR).

(a) in lit. sense shoulder, shoulders: na formnai , gl. humeros Gild. Lor. 161 . gen scieth ... for a formnai, RC xii 96 § 127 . samalta ┐ orsnáth cach finna ... dara formna síar, LU 6546 . claideb ... iarna formnu a ... sword hanging from his shoulder TBC-I¹ 3203 = c. iarna formna; formnai 3276 ; 3287 (= c. bara chliu; iarna thaebdruimm, TBC-LL¹ 5340 , 5389 ). seissiur ingen ... ┐ tuignech futairli forro go f.¤ a ngualann, Acall. 5028 . da gilla ... ┐ tuighnech ... forro co formnaib a ngualann, 3745 . ar righthibh a[r] formnaibh fer ronruccadh isin righthegh, ZCP viii 219z . togaibh G., ... ┐ cunnaibh re t'ucht ... ┐ re t'[ḟ]ormna, vi 27.21 . snigis tromṡnechta ... cor ránic co formnu fer, MU² 307 ( LL 264a33 ). co roiched fuil formnada fer, BB 420a50 . go n-éirghe fuil ósna formnaibh, TD 16.67 . ic brudh a formnadh ┐ a cloiccend, CCath. 5758 . atchuala C. fúaim ind usci fri formnaib in miled, RC xiv 422 § 41 ( LL 110b36 ). Of animals: toccbais bleidhmíl ... a fh.¤ a n-airde uas trethan na ttonn back BNnÉ 61 § 83 (of the `fish-island' cf. b). da natraigh ... ┐ a formnada ┐ a cind a n-airde, Aen. 487 .

(b) transf. back, surface, of land, etc. and esp. of the open sea: Arand ... tadall fairge re a f.¤ , Acall. 340 . f.¤ cacha fuinn, MR 100.16 . formna fērtlachtmara ... cacha bruighe 100 z . anmanda ... for a f.¤ (of an island), Anecd. i 53 § 23 . ráncatár formnae na fairgge, LU 6863 ( BDD 44 ). co mbátár for formnu na fairrce, LU 6924 ( BDD 54 ). o ro siachtatar f.¤ na farge, LL 283a18 . co ra leth ... dar f.¤ na fairggi (of a mist) LL 235b35 ( TTr. 1394 ). sochtsat for f.¤ na fírfairge, Metr. Dinds. ii 26.16 . Cf. ... a dondúathróic ndondlethair ndegsúata do f.¤ cethri ndamseched, LU 6422 = TBC-LL¹ 2561 (`Schulter' Wind.).

(c) top, highest part, extremity (possibly: ... formni gil, Thes. ii 292.11 comes here, but cf. LU 3036 , under d below); co féice ┐ co f.¤ na bruidne, SG 178.4 (om. Laud, Acall. 3799 ). o ṡiothbaca a ṡāl co f.¤ a chean[n]mhullaig MR 260.5 . ro thormaighetar na toirthe co nach fuilngitis formnada forghablanna fiodhbaidh fothaib so that the branching tree-tops could no longer support their weight (?) 100.17 . Laignig ... i costad in catha sin | na formnaib na iarculaib in van and rear 188.13 .

(d) fig. apex, climax, perfection: cléthe .i. f.¤ nó int art fine .i. intí is airdi don fine ut est ... co clethi fine ... .i. co f.¤ na fine, O'Dav. 486 . Aed mac Fidaig f.¤ nert, ZCP iii 262.15 . is rí Fiachna f.¤ gil, LU 3036 = SG 235 (perhaps in lit. sense, cf. Thes. ii 292 cited at beginning of c above). f.¤ síne samraidh, Snedg. u. Mac R 11 § 39 . diamad ḟer i f.¤ [fornna MS.] a aíse the prime of life TTr.² 1500 . luid dar f.¤ lái acht súail `it has almost passed the shoulder of the day' (i.e. mid-day ?) RC xiv 414.10 ( LL 109b19 ). iar ndul ... i f.¤ a feasa ... ┐ i muinighin a dea ┐ a eolusa, RC xliii 48 § 46 , cf. condighsedh i formnai a dhána `apex (?) of his art', Lism. L. 2303 (see Keat. ii 5446 ff ).

(e) Folld. by part. gen. the choice, the best part, occas. passing into sense the greater part (cf. forglu, sect. c): slechtais L. ... co formnu fer nErend do P., LU 9762 . boí ... día farsingi in tige i tallastár f.¤ lāth ngaile in chōicid, 8739 ( FB 55 ). f.¤ flathi fer nErend, LU 9741 ( RC vi 164 ). .xxx. láech de formnu sluaíg na cathrach, LL 282b33 . f.¤ bó fer ┐ ech TBC-LL¹ 4194 . co ffargaibhset f.¤ a ngregha, AFM ii 738.4 . In pl.: Conaire ... co formnaib fer nErend n-imbi, LU 6915 ( BDD 52 ). So in chevilles: nir línaib fer, formnaib snas SR 5633 . batar ḟlaithi formnaib sell | for .u. coicedaib Herenn, Rawl. 156b36 . formnaib dāl ib. 43 . f.¤ .i. imat ut est f.¤ taircetail, H 3.18. 653 (cf. ... dicetul faidhe f.¤ tairceta, O'Dav. 817 ). f.¤ .i. imad no forgla ut est ... formnaib ech n-allmuire, O'Dav. 927 . ? slog find forderg formnib ech, LU 3866 ( SCC 38 , `for multitudes of horses', Leahy i 182 ).

in muir mor ... ro dáil rí grene ... for formnu féne Forainn SR 3992 may belong to this but sense (a) would suit both passages.

(f) f.¤ casbairdne name of a metre IT iii 89 § 118 .