for-tá

Cite this: eDIL s.v. for-tá or dil.ie/23934

Forms: forbí, foridmbi, fordobi, forbé, fordo-be, forraib, fuirb, fordonrabat, formbed, forbia, forbái, -bui, -bae, forrabái

v consuet. pres. 3 s. forbí, Mon. Tall. § 3 . foridmbi Bodl. Corm. s.v. lāith ( Y 811 ). fordobi, Corm. Y 1189 . subj. pres. 3 s. forbé, Mon. Tall. § 57 . fordo-be, Laws ii 404.18 . forraib SR 3919 ; Mon. Tall. § 7 . ? fuirb, Laws ii 332.12 (see for-ben). 3 pl. fordonrabat Hy v 104 . past subj. 3 s. formbed (?) Ml 23d17 . fut. 3 s. forbia, LU 10061 . Rawl. 142a49 . sec. fut. 3 s. forbiad LU 5039 . pret. and perf. 3 s. forbái (-bui, -bae v.l.), Met. Dinds. iii 116 . forrabái, Cáin Ad. 18 .

I Intrans.

(a) is over or remaining, is left, remains, sur- vives: formbed a ainm ind firso that the name of this man should survive Ml 23d17 ( Thes. i 717 . Or is this a miswriting of forsa mbed ?). a forbi ... for lortaid na muindtire what- ever remains over after the community are satisfied Mon. Tall. § 3 . ... neich forbé lortid ... § 57 . dia forraib fuidel SR 3919 (= si quid residuum fuerit Exod. xii 10 ). dollotar anair congabsat Cluichri Cliach ┐ ní fortaat (i.e. are no longer settled there) LL 190b28 (= Rawl. 155b43 ). Passing into sense is still to come , often expressing mere futurity (cf. ar-tá): is ann forbia th'esérge BNnÉ 295 § 22 . domuinsetar go madh aca forbíadh a ionad 296 § 30 .

(b) With prep. is on, over, dominates: forbía a ainm fa Eirinn co brath RC vi 175y (= forbiad firu hErinn a ainm v.l., cf. II d). for-bhiadh a ainm os Erinn co brath, BB 260a12 .

II Trans. with acc.

(a) is on, is upon , of physical and more often fig. relations: in tan ... is forsail foridmbī (i.e. when the vowel is long) Bodl. Corm. s.v. lāith ( Y 811 ). barr bude fordotá [ = for-dut-tá ZCP xvii 196 ] LU 10007 . Cf. a tir fortá Ciannachta ZCP viii 314.16 . Here perhaps: a Brigit ... rogab do chlú fora clú | ind ríg is tú fordatá LL 50a32 ( Hail Br. § 25 ). im choin forambi [forbi v.l.] ottrach `a hound of (i.e. on) the dunghill' Laws i 126.8 . forraib ammarthan do gnuis `misfortune take your face!' Mon. Tall § 7 . Maire ... for-domraibhi á sén ZCP vi 257 § 2 . cach óen beres [co]cert cert | fortraib bennacht epscoip hErc (fortbeir, fodreith, fortbaid v.l.), Mart. Tall. 124 ( LL 364 marg. inf. = FM i 168 ). bennacht Brigte ┐ Dé | for- donrabat Hy v 104 . (with tmesis:) fordonitge Brigte bet on us be B.'s prayers 89 . bid he mo ainm forbia in cath-sa dogres, Rawl. 142a49 . intí nothisad ar tus ind issed a ainm forbiad in mag LL 170a28 ( Dinds. 158 ). bid amra do chenel ┐ fortabia do hainm, Anecd. iii 57.20 . is ed a hainm foridtá ZCP iii 46.6 . Mongán mac Fíachnai, ised foridmbíad, Im. Br. § 32 . it e a n-anmanda foratait feadha ... in ogaim (= the vowels are named after them), Auraic. 244 (= fordotait 2559 ). cf. conad he a ainm sidhe fordota in berla sin which is on that language 4003 . sal ... on tsalchar fordobi in chois, Corm. Y 1189 , where the relativity is apparently expressed by an infixed pron.). cia tintud forata na psalmu? what translation is on the psalms? Hib. Min. 10.330 . cisi erndail (gnūis) fortā na psalma? 3.61(78) . See 1 for II b. forrabae (forrubu v.l.) crith in uli talmuin the whole earth trembled Ériu ii 192 § 1 .

Cf. cach cor fordita [for-did-tá ?], O'C. 1898 ( 23 P 3, 22d ). diam tobar techda forda mbi, O'D. 2219 ( Nero A 7, 150a ). In: forbi a sétaib, Críth G. 587 , it is perhaps intrans. with instrumental dat. but the meaning is uncertain.

(b) is incumbent on, is due from (see 1 for II n, and atá): conid aire forata anmanda [fer] nErenn ... co raib baithius ┐ comna, etc., Ériu i 219 § 5 , cf. 218 § 1 .

(c) In following passages it seems = there ensues, further- more, also, item: fortá fortormach na cána-sa there follows an additional enactment Ériu ii 210 § 23 . fortá a forus ib. fortā forus inna cána sae ... bithcáin for clerchu, Cáin Ad. 34 . fortha forus na cānae: dia ngontar ..., 40 . Simi- larly ib. 39 , 41 , etc. Cf. the following passages from Laws, where it is rendered `ordained,' `is due,' O'Don. Suppl. (see R. Smith and Thurneysen ZCP xix 114 n. 7 ): fortha a forus na gontar ..., H 3.18, 303.34 ( O'C. 628 ). foratha nach duine ro la eisce im araile .i. foratha no for a tarrastar cach duine laas eisce im araile .i. .iiii. cumala dire ó urradh ..., H 3.17, c. 629 ( O'D. 876 ). Cf. forthach nach duine ro la esce, O'C. 2115 ( H 4.22, 79b , see ZCP xix 115 n .). fortha nad cria nech di dernaind dondaig dian cria is dire thadait aridmbia further, that none shall buy ...; if he buy it he is liable for the theft-penalty H 3.18, 188a ( O'C. 340 ), where ar-idmbia evidently = foridmbia in use II (b) above : foratha nech dogni gufiadhnaise in fiach doscara isé fiach fil fair inn H 3.17, 452 add. slip ( O'D. 600 ). ┐ fortha riar o cach adgarthar ┐ fortha aonollamh ... in gach crich ... ┐ fortha da bretheam la gach saoraicme ..., O'C. 1607 ( 23 Q 6, 5a ) = forad ... forad ... forad O'C. 2272 ( Eg. 88, 20 ). forathá ceithre uinge a n-othrus caoicus O'C. 1162 ( H 3.18, 461b ). forathá nech condeiríg i ndail no a nairecht O'C. 1163 ( H 3.18, 462b ). In each of these two exx. the MS has merely fōr.

Cf. forath [sic] ni acair, etc., Laws iv 380.3 (untransl.). foratha airitiu oighedh, O'Dav. 68 .

(d) is over, is above, with notion of superiority; excels, dominates (cf. I b, II a) : forbíad a ainm hErind co brath LU 5039 (= forbiad a ainm ... firu Erend TBC² 551 ). flaith foridmbi `a lord who is over him' BCrólige 59 . la ríg forbí tuatha `who is over the laity' [who is over (a number of) tuaths ?] Ériu vii 166 § 2 . hi rēr ... ardflathui forbē tuath [toathae v.l.], Anecd. iii 23.15 . forbiath do mac maccu cāich ZCP viii 309.15 . is tu for bias do braithre ┐ do chlann forbiat a clanna co brath, Rawl. 124a44 . Cf. tri húi Duind Désa ... forbái bésa bith-gábaid `who was leader in a life of peril' Met. Dinds. iii 116 .