fo-ruimi, -fuirmi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-ruimi, -fuirmi or dil.ie/24043

Forms: for-r(uim)-, fo-fuirm-, fo-d-ruim, forruimi, forruibi, forrumai, -fuirmi, fosrumet, fosraemet, forroma, forruma, -fuirmema, fuireama, fuirmeba, -furmud, furruimtis, -forurmius, fomruirmius, for- uirim, forfurim, forḟuirim, forruim, forruib, -forroim, forrumai, forromair, foruirmiset, -furimar, -fuirmider, forrumither, forruimther, -fuirmithe, foruirmed, forfuirmedh, forumad, -forromadh, -forrumtha, rofurmethe, fuirmithe, fuirmiud, f.

possibly more than one verb is represented in the following citations ; some forms suggest for-r(uim)- but cf. Ériu xxxv 201 ; some are assigned by Pedersen (ii 463 ) to for-ben. (In later MSS f is sometimes repeated in deuterotonic forms : fo-fuirm-). Ipv. 2 s. fo-d-ruim, Fianaig. 12 § 23 . pres. 3 s. forruimi, Bodl. Corm. s.v. pattu (= forruim, Corm. Y 1045 ; forruibi, Thr. Ir. Gl. 35 ). forrumai (fosrumai ?) LU 5320 . -fuirmi Wb 8c1 . pl. fosrumet BDD 13 D = fosraemet Y. pres. subj. 3 s. forroma ZCP iv 39.13 = forruma LL 250a10 ( TBFr. § 15 ). Cf. -fuirmema, Laws v 96.28 Comm. (< B 346az = Y 202b47 ; fuireama, in the corresp. text Laws ii 348.26 Comm. is a misreading of the MS., H 3.17, c. 451z , which O'D. 597 gives as fuirmeba, but the last two letters are doubtful). past subj. 3 s. cf. -furmud RC xi 448.78 . 3 pl. furruimtis, Thes. ii 242.5 ( Arm. 18b1 ). pret. and perf. 1 s. -forurmius LU 9381 . fomruirmius, Fél. Ep. 38 . 3 s. for- uirim Ml 2a6 . forfurim, Ériu ii 132 § 106 . forḟuirim, Alex. 262 . forruim, Thes. ii 242.8 ( Arm. 18b1 ). forruib Hy ii 8 . cf. -forroim LU 5679 ( Ped. ii 463 gives this and forrumai to for-ben). With depon. ending : forromair TBC 3315 . 3 pl. foruirmiset, Rawl. 142a21 . LU 6670 . Pass. pres. s. -furimar, Ériu ii 116 § 45 . pres. subj. s. ? -fuirmider, Rawl. 125b29 . cf. mad ... forrumither , Bodl. Corm. s.v. nescoit = forruimther Y. past subj. s. -fuirmithe, Corm. Y 1059 . Bodl. pret. and perf. s. foruirmed Ml 74c20 . forfuirmedh, Fianaig. 14 § 35 . forumad, Lism.L. p. 328.25 . -forromadh ZCP iii 459.2 . pl. -forrumtha, Ériu ii 110 § 30 . rofurmethe, BColm. 32.4 .

Part. fuirmithe. Vn. fuirmiud.

(a) sets, places, of local relations: in tan foruirim obell ... fair Ml 2a6 . arimbad and furruimtis a n-eclis that there they should put [i.e. build] their church Thes. ii 242.5 . im- malle doaurcbad doib a cossa ┐ fosruimet lift ... set down TBC² 3312 . is tō didiu forruimi in phattu a chossa `silently does the hare put its foot down' Bodl. Corm. s.v. pattu (= Y 1045 ). furmid ... a rigthi tharis (of wrestling) TBC 1308 (here treated as simple vb.). forruimther a cend forsin chloich LL 122b24 . gaibidsi a da cois co ro ḟurim a cend fon usci 279b43 ( SG 414 ). ro fuirmed hé isin Sábraind, Aisl. MC 19.10 . foruirmitís ... a tengtha dar slesa a cloideb used to lick their swordblades Alex. 660 = ro ruirmitis BB 494a38 . forrurim a láim eter di fertais in carpait co mmebaid in carpat LU 5065 (here the meaning `thrust' seems implied, cf. fuirmiud, d). as fora mhuinel ro fuirimh C. a lāmh FM i 182.4 . foruirmiset ... a mind ríg for Tamun LU 6670 . forruim imbe in cassal, Ériu ii 204 § 22 . cladair fert fuir- migter lia, 23 P 3, 22a ( O'C. 1886 ). is i Temair. ... fo ruirmed [in chloch] ZCP xx 219.15 ( xiii 372 ) = Temair ... i forromadh iii 459.2 . co foromad in cúach ar bélaib Chol- máin, Ériu i 46.6 . ardnem ... fora forramad cuairt ind rīchid on which ... has been set ii 110 § 28 . airm i forrumtha na noī tuirid ib. § 30 . Of planting a blow, etc. (Cf. forruim .i. ro gon LU 457 ). ... in baill isin duiniu hi fuirmither in crēcht ... mad ind agaid ... forrumither, Bodl. Corm. s.v. nescoit ( Y 975 ). sochaide forḟuirim a buille hi ceand araile, Alex. 262 . ro fuirmeastar beim ... ar in coin, TTebe 605 . Cf. formis [fornis, fuirmis v.l.] ... béim ... do cloidhemh dó, CCath. 2063 .

Impers. constr.: do fuirim snechta foraib snow fell on them LL 287b35 (cf. ro fer snechta, in same text 287a3 ).

(b) of fig. and abstract relations confers, imposes, inflicts , with FOR of pers. or thing affected (similar in use to do-beir): huare ... foruirmed cenn forsnaib cotarsnaib ... (= have reached their climax) Ml 74c20 . ni fuirmi nech dimiccim foir som Wb 8c1 . for nech ni furme dimes thou shalt not treat anyone with contempt Ériu ii 228.1 . resíu forruma bine fornn, TBFr. § 15 . día ro fuirmed recht Adomnáin for Góedelaib LU 2257 ( FA 32 ). oc B. forurmed a forus sae for feraib H. `was enjoined on' Cáin Ad. 28 . ro fur- methe grada forru-sum, BColm. 32.4 . mor do dhelbhuibh ... forruirmeth for sil nAdhaimh, Ériu ii 132 § 105 . is for in Fiachaich se foruirmiset ... in fingail committed Rawl. 142a21 (= ro fuirmiset ZCP viii 317 ). fuirimh ... briathar ... ar Choisimnach lay a curse on C. BNnÉ 314 § 8 (cf. fuirmedh .i. abradh, O'Dav. 835 ). do fuirmedh támh forra plague came upon them FM i 58 . in ní forsna fuir- mither aigi that [loan] for which no term is fixed Laws iii 492.20 (cf. fuirmither .i. fīraemthar, O'Dav. 853 . foruimter tuinide la cétchor 824 ). Of exchange (?): fuirimh sin samhaisg ar dhéin, Ériu xiii 25.19 = IT iii 50 (gl. tabair, O'Dav. 849 . Perh. f. here = lay down, i.e., impose, enact ). With omission of pers. affected: da fuirmett faill `if they practise deceit' [neglect ?] Fen. 148.7 . tar ēsse na hālgese forfuirmis the boon thou hast requested (forruirmis v.l.) ZCP ix 449 § 2 .

? Absol. : ó dorochair Duach ... ro fuirmiset for Eochaid Fer fuirmid .i. mac Duach .i. fer forrofuirmed ZCP viii 303.11 (= ro firmiset Ernai ... for ..., Rawl. 147a32 ; LL 319a42 ; ro fuirimset ... for E. `abased E.' Cóir Anm. 31 . Cf. fer fora ndernadh fuirmheth .i. a lagadh ┐ a laighdugud ┐ a aimnertugud co mor ib. cf. c below). nachas fuirmeda damsa may [the combat] not be imposed on me (?) TBC p. 301 n. 5 . lōg enech in grāid a fuireama, Laws ii 348.26 = v 96. 28 may belong to this. Cf. go sechtmhadh fodhail fuirmither, Ériu xiii 30.27 . ... cach ferainn fuirmhither uadh tre fīrécin nō foruimenn nech ar écin, O'C. 429 (< H 3.18, 233a ). Cf. fine ar a ḟuirmim (= fuirbim BB 269a25 ) `on his march' as if = foraim) BR 38 .

(c) lays prostrate, overthrows: in Rí dorósat a chrí | ro fuirim a frithisi has brought it low Met. Dinds. iv 242.20 (ra urim v.l.). co foraim trí coícta troch ib. 39 . co foraim bága in bile 244.52 (furim; foraib v.l.). ? sund ro báidit ... echrad E. ... báeth in fíad rosforaim and 182.7 . Cf. inmain uatni óir | ra ḟurmius ar áth (Cú Chulainn lamenting the death of Fer diad) TBC 4179 = forfuirmedh for áth TBC² 2729 .

(d) in refl. and middle constr. betakes oneself, goes (= Lat. se confert); in this sense the historic pres. is commonly used instead of pret.: fotruim [fodruim, MS.] dot daim `betake thee to thy house' Fianaig. 12 § 23 . fusrumat a n-éin [ = ind euin 23 N 10, 62 ] remib dia ndaim tar Sliab F., LU 10567 ( IT i 136.10 ; tiaguit, Eg.). farruma do Emain TBC² 2984 . forrumai do Teumraig ZCP iii 252 § 72 = faruim RC xi 448.88 . farruma dano C. la cách dond oenuch LL 125bx . farumai ... co ránic Temraig, Ériu vi 149 . far- rumaí immach cucu LU 7892 ( BDD 148 ). forumai O. for a hiarair, Y Cymmr. xiv 104 ( Rawl. 131b25 ). fosraemet [fosrumet; tiagait v.l.] ind eoin forsin tuind BDD 13 . farrumae Concobar ar cind Fergusa TBC² 3579 . forrumai [fosrumaei TBC² 843 ] Allechtu ... co mboí forsin chorthi A. goes and perches on the pillar LU 5320 ( ZCP x 208 ). forrumaidi ... co mbui for feinnithecht RC vi 174 v.l. 17 (-idi is prob. anaph. pron.). Cf. ro lingestar lēim ... conadh ann ro fuirmistar ar glan-aiglind scēith in churad alighted MR 234.3 = ro uirmesdair LL 410a2 (see airmaisid). for- rumai nonbor díib thoromsa ┐ Conchobar LU 4886 . conid forruim isind tulaigh RC x 74 n. 1 (= co ro tairis 72z ). condfurruimset ib. n. 16 (= condaturnsad, text.

Cf. farumai co Sencha dus cia dogenad he betook himself to S. to see what he should do (?) H 3.18, 367a37 ( O'C. 785 ); `referred it' (of a decision) Plummer, MS. notes.