1 fotha

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fotha or dil.ie/24155

Forms: fotha, fothu, fotha, fotha, fothai, f., fatha, fotha, fotha, -dha, fothada, f., f.

n o,m. (& n. ?). n s. in fotha Sg 4b3 . d s. fothu Wb 8c18 . Ml 120d20 . a s. fotha Bcr 33b4 . n p. fotha SR 4245 . fothai 8081 . Treated as neut. : f.¤ ndeich, Corm. Y 447 . f.¤ n-utmall, Triads 173 (but : in f.¤ utmall Sg 4b3 ). f.¤ n- aimser ZCP viii 195 § 2 (chev.). fatha mbúaidre, Buile S. 30.22 (poem). fatha, fotha m., n p. fotha, -dha, IGT, Decl. § 2 ; pl. fothada LB 1a52 .

Acc. to Thurn. ZCP xiii 301 <*fo-suide `subsidium', hence

(a) foundation, basis, bottom: cumtach don fothu Wb 8c18 . for fothu (gl. super basem) Ml 120d20 ; f.¤ (gl. fundamentum) Sg 4b3 ; (crepido) Bcr 33b4 . iarsnaib fothib (gl. post ... crepundia ; taken as = crepido ? or fig. ?) Ml 44c13 . f.¤ .i. fundameint, O'Cl. fundamentum .i. f.¤ , Auraic. 400 . fothai fudomnai domuin SR 8081 . rochraithit fothada na haibesi PH 35 ( LB 1a ). a[c] cumdach na catrach, ... a[c] cor a f.¤ , Aen. 304 . co ro toccbhadh cúirte cloch ... da fothaibh fulaing FM vi 2012.9 . Base, socle (of a pillar, etc.) : se f.¤ dec. ... do arggot ... dá f.¤ dib cech oenchláir (of boards of Tabernacle = bases argenteas Exod. xxvi 19 ) SR 4245 = se ḟ.¤ ... dí ḟ.¤ LB 120b30 , se fothai BB 241b36 . cona fot[h]aib clārda[ib] fotae (fothu v.l.) `tabular bases' (of quivers) CCath. 5452 .

(b) in fig. sense foundation, origin, source , often of persons. ba hiat .xii. f.¤ na heclaisi LB 146b5 . is iat sin [viz. firta Crist] is f.¤ ┐ is bunad di cech ṡoscela ... 149a17 . brethem cen f.¤ n-eoluis, Laws v 352z . f.¤ n-utmall eolais, Triads 173 (a `door of falsehood'). Eua ... f.¤ febda fírclainne SR 1064 . na Fothaig ... f.¤ suith iat, ar ísí cetchlann ruc Fuinche `foundation of offspring' Fianaig. 4.3 . Cormac ... ba f.¤ fondbalc flatha, Met. Dinds. i 36 . Cf. fer fatha na fregra (epithet of the high-king Domnall ua Neill) BB 50b34 ( MacCarthy 424 ). Fotha bec, F.¤ mór (titles of law-tracts), O'Don. 1582 , 1584 ( H 5.15, p. 7a , 7b ). An extension of this is : f.¤ ` patterne ' RSClára 36b .

(c) cause, ground, reason: Cf. ciho fothaib son (gl. quibus ... facibus accensi sunt ... ut armari ... non timerent) Ml 16b19 . f.¤ .i. adhbhar, O'Cl. is he tra f.¤ dia raibe in scel sa, Arch. iii 4.8 . sé fatha fiadhnach fa fuil | bás F. the manifest cause from which the death of F. occurred Lec. 311r42 (= cf. f.¤ fiamach, MacCarthy 420 < BB 50b8 ). eg don gargfatha fiadhnach ib. Lec. 311r 41 . creac[h]a ... eir nách bí fōir ná fatha without remedy or reason ZCP viii 226.1 . doróni cói ... ┐ nír bó gan ḟ.¤ dhó, TTr.² 1715 . bud forderg in fatha, is olc tachar flatha | re fatha gan chin, Fianaig. 84. 10 - 12 . conid ed sin f.¤ cocaid Connacht ┐ fer Muman RC xxiv 186 § 19 . conid f.¤ do chosnum ... ib. is e sin f.¤ aideda Fergusa, Laws i 68.17 . fatha marbtha Eóin ain, Ériu iv 174 § 4 . fatha tuidhechta Mu chua a hUlltaib, Lism.L. 4654 . damhna dér ┐ f.¤ fíorchaoíneadh FM v 1616.15 . in fatha ara n[d]each- aid sair the reason he went Arch. iii 324.9 . ar in f.¤ sin for that reason Cóir Anm. 102 . ar na fothaibh sin FM v 1860.7 . ca fatha um nách fuigbeadh ? why not ? ZCP viii 563 § 25 . don fh.¤ ima roluidh, Leb. Gab. i 222 . anba in fatha for- ceatuil (of the warnings of Doomsday) D iv 2, 89ra (= DDána p. 87 ).

(d) by extension used of landed estate or property (regarded as basis of legal status ?) : f.¤ na n-uasal `property' Laws iii 234.20 . f.¤ ┐ rith (= principal & interest) ; bo dona gradhaibh Feine ina f.¤ ┐ bo for rith ; ... ceithre ba ... itir fotha ┐ rith, H 3.17, c. 549, 10 ; 13 ( Laws iii 234 ). raith laisa mbi f.¤ (.i. ac a mbi bunad tochusa) `a surety who has a basis' v 498.8 , 27 . is cumrachta f.¤ fri flaith, fri heclais ZCP xii 365.25 . Cf. có saorthar filedha ? O neillghibh airchedail, go bḟotha go bfoirbthethaidh foghloma ..., Ériu xiii 17.34 . Tir da locha forsiung f.¤ LL 37b7 ( Auraic. 5135 ). Cf. Met. Dinds. iii 408.20 .