frithguin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. frithguin or dil.ie/24493

Forms: frithgonaib

n i,m. counter-wounding or slaying, used of resisting an attack or attacking in retaliation: ba f.¤ do oc gill dia anmain, Caratnia 17 . fer frithgona .i. guin i n-aighidh gona, H 3.18, p. 283 ( O'C. 567 ). fer frithgona .i. tic dfirguin riut cen caemachtu imscair ris, H 3.18, 262a ( ZCP xv 326 ). Cf. diles gach f.¤ ... slan dono a marbadh mana caomnacair dul uadha, O'C. 1763 ( 23 Q 6, 36a ). is dilis do neoch f.¤ oc toichi a cinn .i. oc ditin nó oc cosnam, O'Dav. 1593 . Of reprisals in battle: ceithre cuigidh Eirionn ag goin ┐ ag friothgoin a cheile ZCP x 283.28 . ica innisin dó madma bar Ultaibh ... ┐ tuittmi Fergusa i frithguin (F. was fighting against the U.) TBC 5726 (= hi frecor in chatha TBC² 5619 ). nonbur traigthech namá dofuit o Alexandir hi f.¤ in chatha Persecdai, Alex. 147 . beac a esbaid ... hi frecur na hi f.¤ isna díb cathaib si, 303 . The phrase: I F.¤ (in chatha) is commonly used in Annals when after enumerating losses on one side in a battle, those on the other are given, and is equivalent to on the other side, in retaliation: Bellum Airde C. in quo cecidit Ailill mac D. rī Ardda ... in quo cecidit Domnall mac C. i fridguin, id est rex qui vicit prius AU 748 . in isto bello plurimi gentilium trucidati sunt ┐ Fachtna ... dorochair i f.¤ in catha (i.e. on the Irish side) AU 867 . cath eter Ultu fadhein ... i torcradur da righ Uladh, idon Niall mac D. ... ┐ Eochaidh hua M. i frithghuin 1127 . bellum eter Fhiru Alban ┐ Feru Moreb i torcradar ceithri mile d'Fheraibh Moreb ...; mile imorro d'Fheraibh Alban i frithghuin 1130 . similarly iii 392.7 , RC xvii 341.13 , xviii 159.13 , FM iii 40.3 , ZCP xiv 260.8 . pl. tucsadar fordiglaim ar deglaechaib ar trascrad na fer i frithgonaib YBL 69b15 (= tucsat for diglaim na ndeglaech ┐ for trascrad na treinfer i frithgonaib in chatha YBL 295a8 , LB 124b24 ).