1 fúath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fúath or dil.ie/24715
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: fuath, fuath, fúatha, uathu, ḟuathu, fúatha, uatha, fúathcraibdig

n o, n., later m. n s. fuath ṅ-eperta, Sg. 137b9 . g p. inna fuath , 3b20 . a p. fúatha, LU 9251 . uathu, 8663 ( FB 49 ). ḟuathu, LB 209b14 (for d p.) Later g s. in sense (b) fúatha, Moling § 20 . ind uatha , § 21 .

(a) likeness, form, semblance ; in Glosses often like Lat. figura in an abstr. sense, later generally of a visible form or shape , whether of a natural object or its artificial representation ; in this sense the word seems to have become obsolete during the Mid. Ir. period and is frequently glossed in MSS. fuath .i. dealb, Lec. Gl. 5 . Stowe Gl. 390 . Metr. Gl. D 11 . f.¤ et delb a bāis som (gl. configuratus morti eius) Wb. 24a8 . fúad folid (figura substantiae) 32b3 . hi fuath (in similitudine) Ml. 38c6 . fuath n-eperta a figure of speech Sg. 137b9 . fuath laburtha, PH 5655 . hona fuathaib (corporum imaginibus) Enchir. Aug. 76a ( ZCP vii 482 ). fuath fir the form of a man TBC-LL¹ 3321 . f.¤ ┐ fóscugud muintire nime, LU 1985 ( FA 5 = delba LB). senoir ... i f.¤ tsacairt, Grail 2820 . neach co n-eccosc rig ┐ co f.¤ flatha 3228 . peist ... ┐ f.¤ cait fuirre, BNnÉ 8 § 27 . fuath na cruiche, Trip. 8.25 (gl. .i. delb, ACL iii 8 ). fuath ┐ cuma na heclaisi sin (a description) LB 158a42 . boi fuath da piastt a ndornnchur an cloidim, Grail 2867 . f.¤ tige fotai, (of Long na mban [or Tech Midchuarta]) LL 30c3 (= Dinds. 1 § 26 ). emancoll ... .i. coll dar coll ina f.¤ (i.e. it is shaped like one letter c athwart another), Auraic. 5527 . fuath lochad (i.e. golden mice, i Reg. vi 5 ) SR 5431 . f.¤ doim de uma, PH 1239 . fuath finemna di ōr, Alex. 581 . doconcadar arna rindad a slesaib in tempaill f.¤ (.i. dealb) na Trai, Aen. 310 .

Cf. a Eochaid airtt fuath ara falnather iath aneoil, Rawl. 125b12 (inc. of poem). a fuaith airt Eochaid ib. 46 (expl.). Eochaid ... fuath n-airt .i. fuath dea ara c[h]oeme, ZCP viii 301.19 = f.¤ n-airt .i. fuath .i. delb dé fair, Cóir Anm. 167 (see alternative explanation s.v. 2 fúath).

(b) a hideous or supernatural form, a spectre, apparition, monster, etc. (general later use, cf. similar use of English shape; but in this sense prob. from 1 úath with prosthetic f) : co faca in torathar... .i. fuath aingeda cona muintir duibh, Moling § 15 . fuad becc biorach ... i ndeilb mna (description of a `piast') BNnÉ 108 § 2 . fuath is amuid is arrocht, TD 4.29 . fuath (arracht) doidealbda, Leb. Gab.(i) i 50 . éitchi indát fúatha Hérenn, Ériu iv 100 § 35 (cf. 1 úath, int húath, § 38 , § 39 ). risna fuathaib ┐ risna haslingib facessa dóib, TBC-LL¹ 5009 (of a disturbed night). na tri fuatha a hIbarglind, LL 207a52 . baidhbh ┐ brainén ┐ fuatha (haunting a battle-field) ITS v 184.17 . Cf. f.¤ mar a[n] corp do c[h]uibrech (of the body as prison of the soul) ACL iii 240 § 35 = Aithd D. p. 306 . Fúath ┐ Fanntais (names of Vulcan's oxen) LL 221b13 ( TTr. 319 ).

See 1 úath.

Compds. In sense (a) ¤chlérech a sham or dissembling cleric: is tuidecht dar riagail ... a ndenat na fuathc[h]leirigh ZCP vi 271 § 6 . ¤chráibdech a hypocrite: pl. fúathcraibdig ┐ brécaire, LU 2205 ( FA 28 ) = RC xxvi 158 . ¤ledb a pattern-leather, a pattern for a needlewoman: usaite lē in torad dogni o laim in n-uath ledb ina fiadnaisi .i. fuath in gresa, Laws i 152.23 Comm.