iā, f. g
Laws iv 40.24 Comm.
lit. bright i.e. obvious
`fine' or kindred. In poetry:
di gablaib gelḟine Galeon,
Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 14 § 2
buaidh gelfine Gailoin,
). is gnoe grianna gelfini (of Cú Chulainn),
). In the Laws used as a technical term
for the narrowest circle of the kin, viz. the agnatic descendants
of a common grandfather. See Binchy,
PBA (Rhys lecture, 1943),
, who regards the g.¤
as an innovation introduced by the
jurists to replace, for most legal purposes, the derbḟine
(descendants of a common great-grandfather), which was the
older unit. But cf.
Ériu li 12
. See also Mac Neill, Celtic Ireland, p. 161 seq.
p. 171 seq.
, where the question is fully discussed. According
to him the gelḟine included three generations, i.e. an
individual, his sons and grandsons; from the standpoint
of the youngest generation it would comprise five classes;
the representative of that generation, father, uncles, their
sons and grandfather; from the standpoint of a member of
the middle generation it would comprise himself, father, sons,
brothers and nephews. gelfine co cuicer. Isi-aide gaibes dibad cach cind comacuis di neoch diba uaid 'the gelḟine extends to five men. It is the latter that claims the inheritance of each individual relative from any that perish out of it without heirs'
CIH ii 429.27
Ériu li 1
. Cf., however:
i ngilfine iar mbelaib
amuil atá athair ocus mac ocus ua ocus iarmua ocus innua
co cuicer; ocus geilfini iar culaib .i. brathair th'athar ocus
mac co cuicer beos,
Laws ii 160.z Comm.
). The gelfine group shared prime responsibility for the wrongdoing committed by a member of the
Laws i 260.2
flaith gelfine do gabail ratha o ri tuaithe,
ii 280.24 Comm.
For the privileges of the head of the g.¤
fri dliged tuisi .i. frisintí dligeas dul a tuisigecht
an flathusa gelfine,
Eg. 88, f. 6 (7)c
gráidh tuaithi ... da geilfine gráidh ecalsa,
). ? diam iar ndibad fer fo dosloinnter gelfine (g.¤ f.,
For further exx. and references see Laws Gl., Mann. and
Cust., Mac Neill, op. cit.