gné

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gné or dil.ie/26205

Forms: ngné, ngnǽ, gné, gné, gne, gnei, gnee, gn, (il)gn, gnee, gnei, gnéthi, gnethi, gnéithe

n O.Ir. n., later f. : n s. a ngné , BCr. 33c5 ( Thes. ii 22.36 ). a ngnǽ , Sg. 205a1 . Mid. Ir. survival of neut. : gné m-bróin, FA 33 ; gné n-onore, PH 7001 ; gne n-aill, CCath. 1026 ; MacCarthy 138.10 . a s. gnei, Sg. 166a2 . g s. in gnee , Goid. 67.23 ( Lib. Hymn. 11b ). n p. gn, BCr. 33a8 ( Thes. ii 20.37 ). (il)gn, Ml. 97a1 . LU 7533 . gnee, BB 297b35 . gnei, 321b51 . A common Mid. Ir. pl. gnéthi, LL 265b20 . gnethi, PH 7471 . gnéithe, IGT Decl. § 2.18 .

(a) kind, species : fúad et gné form and kind, Wb. 32c9 . gnǽ for leth ... far leth .i. tresṅgné `a species apart ... "apart" that is, by the species,' Sg. 73b1 . tri gné forsin apgitir, BCr. 33a8 ( Thes. ii 20.37 ). bieit ilgné indi son there will be many kinds in it, Ml. 97a1 . gne gneach a specific species, Laws iii 96.10 . in gne no in cenel in fidh ? ... masa chenel cadet a gnee ?, Auraic. 853 - 854 . atat cóic gnethi icon duine-marbad, PH 7471 . da gne for leth dechnaid .i. sned ┐ trebradh, BB 297a37 . for tri gneib in three kinds, Fél. 4.30 . gné ḟerrdha díb ┐ gné bannda (of diamonds), Maund. § 138 . gné pupall `a kind of tents,' § 49 . an ghne as anbhfainne d'apoplexia , 23 K 42, 23.1 . na gnéithe don Gháoidhelg, IGT Introd. § 2 . Clann Charthaigh 's gach gné i ngabhoid `each of its species,' TD 32.15 . maille ris an uile ghné airm, Ezekiel xxxviii 4 . cred an ghné dhuine an té sin, 2 Kings i 7 . gné óir nó airgid do chor amach to issue a new coinage, Mac Aingil 305.1 . tairgit gnē chomhadh dōip `they offered them some gifts,' Fl. Earls 14.15 . dognīt gnē chiūnais ┐ chomnaidhe ann `they had some rest and repose there,' ib. y 0 . gne d'imegla ... orra ..., 32.7 . ge gur fulaingset gne shaot[h]air, 88.10 .

(b) form ,

(1) of outward appearance, appearance of countenance : issed a ngne cétna foir, BCr. 33c5 ( Thes. ii 22.36 ). saingné fornaib gnímaib inna preceptore ... a special form, Wb. 5a5 . gné fírinne fuiri the appearance of righteousness, Ml. 95b6 . is follus co mór gné m-broin fair-seom, LU 2279 ( FA 33 ). fond ... na cathrach ... co ngné gréne fair, LU 2039 ( FA 11 ). ro soí gné Emer, LU 3890 ( SCC 40 ). is derb limm nochloemchlaifed gnee (leg. -fe a gnee ?), TBC-LL¹ 284 . imsod a gne do gruaide, TFerbe 720 . ra sáit gnéthi da gnúsib, MU² 500 . slóg rosóiset gnee, Ériu vi 149.72 . ni rangatar gaill a ngné, `did not recover their countenance,' Cog. 98.19 . Aen. 2642 . co mad gné forbáiltechuis no-beth fair, PH 3075 . doraitne gné báis foraib, 3488 (cf. A. Ó Dálaigh xliv 7 ). robo ghlas a ainech ┐ a ghne `countenance,' Cóir Anm. § 8 . ba cael gné a chuirp, ZCP xi 108 § 2 . gnē feola deirgi fair oc a chaithim (of the Sacred Host), xii 373.12 . gein co ngrinne gnéa `winsome of mien,' Metr. Dinds. iii 300.44 . is olc do gne cid mor do meisnech `thou lookest ill ...,' Cog. 170.11 . gne do ghnuisi, TTebe 3599 . ar ghabhabhair do ghné an chróigh, IGT Decl. ex. 318 ; 199 . caillid a ... ngné ┐ a maise, TSh. 546 . béal ... ar ghné ógróis, TD 39.4 . nach i ngné Gaoidheal gairmthir `... their names are not like those of the G.,' Content. xxix § 31 . Of gramm. inflexions : huare rombói la grecu a ngnæ the Greeks had the form, Sg. 205a1 . ailigid gnei changes the form, 166a2 .

(2) way, manner: fon ngne seo (gl. in chruth-so), Laws iv 214.19 . for gne gille `after the manner of a pledge,' i 276.17 Comm. ; 188.30 Comm. ar oen-gne in the one way, ZCP viii 266 § 34 . da leana tú he is na gneithi seo in these ways, Ériu v 138 § 122 . da ngabham is an ghné chóir (sic leg.) if we take it in the right way, Dán Dé xxii 1.

(3) Prep. phrases : ar gne like : fuair a ghruaidh ar gné mónann `his cheek as the berries,' Content. v 121 . proportioned to (?) : ar gne dia ccēill ┐ dia thuixin, Fl. Earls 182.2 . fo gné (gnéithibh) under the appearance (semblance) of, in the manner of, as : a m-bachla ina lám[h]aibh fo gné ... imdechta, PH 5104 . fo gné bairgine ┐ fhína, 5183 . caith corp fo ghnē rūine in Righ in mystical fashion, RC xxxvii 345 § 5 . cibe noscaith co dana | fo gné cech bīdh immana (of the body of Christ) ... as he would any other food, 349 § 80 . Corp Críost ... fá ghnéithibh na fola, O'Gr. Cat. 39.23 . fa ghnéithibh aráin ┐ fíona, Eochairsg. 20.30 . fo gne síthe `under the guise of peace,' ALC i 84.2 . AFM ii 996.1 . fa ghné mhaitheasa fíre, TSh. 8135.

(c) a legal point, an argument, a case : seo na gneithe er nach roichenn Muircertach ... in cét gné dib ... gné eile, O'D. 1956 - 7 ( Eg.90 f. 7 (8a ) ( O'Gr. Cat. 77 ). er na gnéithib seo, O'D. 1959 (ib. b). an tres gne, ML App. 180.10 .

(d) leg. a version : gné n-aill a different version, O'D. 568 ( H 3.17, c.440 - 41 ). deithbir na na (sic !) cantana fodera dam in da ghne sin do scribhad, O'D. 213 (scribal note, H 3.17, c. 169 ).

Compds. ¤buan of lasting form : sgath an dána gnéabhuain, TD 31.16 . ¤bude of yellow appearance : a chiabh ghnéabhuidhe, TD 2.28 . ¤gen : a maise 'sa gnéghean `her loving countenance,' Oss. iv 266.3 . ¤glan : seabhac ... gné-ghlan, Ériu v 172.2 . ¤nuaide `youthful looking,' TD 2.45 ; `glistening,' 28.11 .