gnúis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gnúis or dil.ie/26261
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: gnúsa, gnuso, gnuissi, gnusi, gnússe, gnuisi, gnúsi, i, gnúiseadh

n i, f. g s. gnúsa, Wb. 15a20 . gnuso, Ml. 47d8 . n p. gnuissi, 32c8 . gnusi, 118d20 . In Mid. Ir. makes g s. gnússe (gnússi): gnuisi, Laws v 228.27 . gnúsi, FA 24 (LB). gnúis (g s. and n p. ¤i; g p. gnúiseadh), IGT Decl. § 14.

(a) face, countenance, disc (of sun or moon): gnúis et láma et cossa, Wb. 12b4 . gl. facies, Ml. 118d20 . na gnuissi (gl. ora), 32c8 . gnúis chorcra, TBC-LL¹ 206 ; 5683 . nā banaiter fergnúsi, FB 29 . i tollaib a n-gnússe, FA 27 . fiad gnuis De, MacCarthy 42.13 . tara ṅgnúissi bána, Fél. Ep. 339 . tōcbam cridi solam súas, | teilgem gnúissi sís, ACL iii 313 § 19 . glamu gnuisi satirising the face, Laws v 228.27 . fer sochraid cennais ó gnuis, PH 6541 ; 630 . robanaid gnuisi, TTebe 2826 . claochlódh na gnúise (sign of death), TSh. 1609 . pl. loosely used: biáid anim fora gnūisib there will be a blemish on his face (features ?), ZCP x 225 § 2 . By extension: frais ... da reatlannaib dar tondgnuisib (tonngnuis v.l.) in talman over the surface of the earth, Cog. 178.21 . for duni-gnūis in talman, TBC-LL¹ 5975 . i ngnúis into the presence of: oc techt i ng.¤ díabail, FA 20 . ria ndul i ngnuis in Spirta nóib, Hy. v 90 . Isa Crist i ndeachaid gnúis into Whose presence he has gone (of one just dead), RC xxiv 62.1 . gnúis fri (ar, do) gnúis face to face: srotha ... do dechsain g.¤ fri g.¤ friu, CCath. 2542 . FA 12 . atá flaith ... fri gnúis do g.¤ dóib, 5 . acallaim in Choimded g.¤ do g.¤ , RC xii 432 § 35 ; xvii 408.27 (Tig.) = gnuis do gnus, CS 288.27 . Cf. imcaissiu na Trinóite | o gnúis do gnuis, SR 8372 . ar gnúis (nom. prep.) before : aildi géill ... ar gnúis ríg, Fél. Jan. 9 ; Ep. 398 . ba hinis na nGoedel adcidh ar a gnuis, ACL iii 12.2 . orchra gréine for do ghnúis ... before thee, Ériu viii 135.1 . re ngnúis in front of: romebdatar secht catha rīana gnūis īarna ēcaib, Otia ii 88.2 . Common in later poetry by synecdoche for the person: mucean fre cach ndaim no re cach ngnuis, Laws v 76.x Comm. don ghnúis fáoilidh, nar ér dáimh, BNnÉ 287.9 . ar apa a ndernais de drúis | espach athis dod' gnúis glain, Ériu vii 223 § 35 . d'fhiafraidh ... don ghnúis ghloin ... from the fair-faced (maiden), Oss. vi 4.23 . guidhis an bhféata ... mar bhainchéile dá ghnúis ghloin `prayed that the lovely one might be a mate for his own bright figure,' TD 1.24 . gnúis mhórdha is céimleasg i gcath, 26.25 .

(b) aspect, kind, form, species: gl. species, Sg. 3a11 . Cf. 154a2 (= specierum). is saingnúis duitso it is a special form, 208b5 . cisi gnuis di gnúsib na canone ? to which kind of the kinds of the canon ?, Hib. Min. 76 ; 78 . tresin ngnuis cenelaich as [s]inechtoche `through the general figure sinecdoche,' 132 . da cenélach .lxx. di gnusib retlann, Ériu ii 132 § 107 . gnúis a aighthe agus a éadain the appearance of his face, Atlantis iv 162.15 .

(c) In prosody: gnuisi díten (grammatical) forms which may be used in verse to obviate faults of metre. They are twelve in number and are enumerated, Auraic. 1978 . sceith ocus gnuisi glana | aincit lochta linmara, 1966 . Cf. 1974 .

(d) Meaning doubtful: arannaisc a chētgnúis `his first presence (?) betrothed him,' RC xxvi 32 § 144.

Compds. ¤airmitiu honour, respect , Lib. Hymn. i 46.15 . ¤álainn (of the sun), ZCP vi 59.8 . ¤derge ruddiness of countenance , MR 118.2 . ¤détla, TD 8.19 . ¤dorrda surly-visaged , AFM vi 2256.w . Hugh Roe 194 (f. 51b) . ¤fhergach, TBC-LL¹ 1741 (St.). ¤fhilledh turning the countenance, TSh. 2004 ; 2025 . ¤garb: nathair ... gnuisgarb, TTebe 495 . ¤imdercad blushing , AFM v 1824.12 . ¤lethan broad-visaged , MR 184.21 . ¤liath ashen-faced , MR 182.10 . ¤mer wild-visaged , Cog. 114.24 . ¤nárach, Misc. Hag. Hib. 111 § 35 . ¤ṡolus disk-brilliancy: ré ná grian ní gnúissholus, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 330.y . ¤uathmhar fearful-visaged , ML 118.32 .