íarn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. íarn or dil.ie/27041
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: iarn, ïarn, íarn, íarann, īarnn, híairn, iairn, iarn, eirnd, iurn, iurn, iarnd, erna, herna, iarna, íarnda, iarnu, n-íarnd, t-iaronn, híarann, iarind, d'iarund, iarand, iaronn, íarann, iearnn, iarnn, ioarn, Iarnnboidbh, Iarunngléo

n o, m. Earlier n.: iarn nderg, Anecd. ii 58.13 . Orig. ïarn, later íarn, monosyllabic, and íarann. n s. īarnn, Corm. Y 739. g s. iairn (disyll), LL i 4984 . híairn, Thes. ii 249.6 . iairn, TBC-LL¹ 4245. BDD² 532. IGT Decl. ex. 373. iarn, AU i 492.20 . Rawl. 117c49 . eirnd, O'Mulc. 420. iairnd, LU 7744 . d s. asind iurn , LB 236b48 . o iurn , PH 1276. ó iarnd , PH 2024. a p. erna, Laws v 390.23 . fri herna , Críth G. 191. iarna, LL 15a26 . na íarnda (v.l. iarnu), Trip.² 2594. g p. ar n-íarnd , 2592 . Also n s. in t-iaronn , Laws i 140.22 Comm. a s. le híarann nderg, Maund. § 158. g s. iarind, LU 8655 (FB). íaraind, LU 1444 . d s. d'iarund, Laws v 16.z Comm. do iarand , Acall. 1718 n . ar an earand, Celtica ii 70.24 . g p. iaronn, Lat. Lives 57.6 . See IGT Decl. 54.9 : íarann iearnn (v.ll. iarnn ioarn). See O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 119 ff .

I iron: i.¤ nderg n-ernbasach, Anecd. ii 58.13 . huma no iarann, Laws v 384.3 . seichida ocus iarann ocus saland, iii 426.23 Comm. īarnn .i. iarth i[n] nortmanica ling[u]a , Corm. Y 739. ara se[c]dacht amal iarunn `on account of its hardness like iron,' Auraic. 1314. co sústaib iarind, LU 8655. co feithnib iairn with bands of iron, BDD² 532. cēin mbis iarnd i tinid, O'Mulc. 475. a ḟuathbróic ... do iurn athlegtha, TBC-LL¹ 3729. as bhar ngeimlechaib ... glas-iaraind, MR 178.4 . méin iairn iron ore, ZCP xi 85 § 39b . na saergeimlech sen-iaraind `noble fetters of old iron,' MR 178.1 . amal bid iarnn derg candens ferrum, Lat. Lives 96.1 . comrair luadi chumdachtu o iurn, PH 1276. ni ro-helned ó iarnd `was unstained by iron,' 2024 . a mbeirt fhúarfhoirfe iairn `in a chilly suit of complete steel,' Studies 1921, 418 § 8 . ar Sléib an Iairn, IGT Decl. ex. 424.

II

(a) a weapon or implement of iron: nis gaibtís acht iarna nemide, LL 15a26 . ar fuilib híairn `against bleedings caused by iron,' Thes. ii 249.6 . iurnn imfaebair .i. ... in t-iarunn ara mbi in dá faebhar, O'Dav. 1135. áilgius imberta a n-iaraind `the craving to wield their weapons,' CCath. 621. aithigud ar n-iaronn `ferramenta acuere,' Lat. Lives 57.6 . dod laim na do iarund with a weapon, Aen. 1268. bla iarand airlech .i. slan don ti berius in tiarunn d'airlech na marti `the exemption as regards iron in slaughtering,' Laws iii 286.5 - 6 . bendachais Pátraic na íarnda comdar soimmbertu de, Trip.² 2594. i.¤ cach gníma, Críth G. 405. erna arathair ocus erna trebtha, Laws v 390.23 . benaid an t-iarand asan crand `take the coulter out of the beam,' BCC 62.32 . ní bentar an t-iarann air | don chrann re headh an earraigh, L. Cl. A. B., 106.145 . iarann bhar n-each, DDána 68 § 20. níor barradh faoi ar iarnaibh each `steeds have not been shod,' TD 17 § 64. do bhádhas ceangailte, ní lé hiarann comhaightheach `ligatus sum non ferro alieno,' TSh. 7538. the iron blade of a weapon: cnarr .i. ga ... da dornn .x. etar a hiarann ┐ ... a hurlann, O'Dav. 495. i.¤ na scene `the blade of the knife,' Laws i 132.23 Comm.

(b) armour: Gaill ... etir i.¤ ┐ cen i.¤ , AU ii 230.17 .

Compds. ¤bás death caused by a weapon of iron: ar cech nernbās (.i. ar cech niarnbas) `against every iron-death,' Thes. ii 352.4 . See ernbas and ernbasach. ¤blaith of smooth iron: ro imreadar ... na cloidme iarannblaithi, CF 628. ro nochtadar ... a cloidhme altgorma iarannblaithi, 880 . ¤bodb npr. m. loscoth Iarnnboidbh mic Gartnaith, AU i 106.6 . ¤chrúaid iron-hard: la Heochaid n-iūil, n-iarann-chrūaidh, ITS xli 2044 . ¤gait robbery with violence?: luid Odras 'na hiarn-gait (v.l. hiarnaidh, hiarraidh) `Odras came to despoil her by arms,' Metr. Dinds. iv 198.37 . ¤gléo npr. m.: Iarunngléo Fáthach, Cóir Anm. § 95. Iaraindgleo du gabail rige, Todd Lect. iii 300.28 . ¤gua : noī mīss cen iarngua ro-reth | a hiarmhua Labusardech 'for nine months without stern falsehood ran his grandson Labosordacus' Études Celt. vii 24.295 . ¤lestar an iron vessel: tucad chucu a n-ena ┐ a ndabcha ┐ a n-iarnlestair, TBC-LL¹ 64. sleagh ┐ cloidem ┐ iarnleastar, Acall. 3543.