ingnas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ingnas or dil.ie/28682

 

Forms: ingnas, -ingnais, n-ingnais, ingnasaib, ingnais, ingnais, ingnáis, ingnius, ingnais, ingnais, i n-ingnais

n ā, f. (4 in- + gnás see O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 189 ) n s. bithingnas (: glas), Liad. and Cuir. 16.z . a s. -ingnais (: mais), Thes. ii 291 § 4 ( Ml. Poems 1 ). d s. īar n-ingnais , Bruchst. § 162. d p. o ingnasaib , LL 119b35 . Later the a s. and d s. form, ingnais, came to be used as n s. : ingnais, ZCP vii 309.24 . ingnáis, Fél.² clxxxv 5. ingnius ( ingnais , v.l.), IT i 80.9 .

absence, loss, deprivation: dignas .i. nī ingnas ē ` infrequency ?,' O'Mulc. 313. ní dúthrais a bithingnais `his perpetual absence,' Thes. ii 291 § 4. ol is maith for comgnas | is tromm form for n-i.¤ , Fél. Ep. 380. īar n-ingnais a mennata `von seinem Heimatsitze geschieden,' Bruchst. § 162. a n-ingnius (a ingnais, v.l.) is toirrsi lium (Deirdre, of the sons of Uisnech), IT i 80.9 . ingnáis do chenéoil duit co llaa hecca `thy family absent from thee' (to a cleric), Fél.² clxxxv 5. ni rucaim form t'ingnais-siu `I cannot bear thy absence,' Trip. 174.9 . domgní mūichnech ingnais Érenn, ZCP vii 309.24 = rom lin maith indeccmais E., Reeves Ad. 274.13 . tria hingnais a cuislinne of his flute, D IV 2, 53va22 . Used as vn. : bid maith fri foichill brátha | na duine gnátha d'ingnais not to frequent the society of ordinary people ?, ZCP vii 298.14 . ro badh miann dom mheanmuin-si iongnuis ithfrinn fhuair to avoid , F I 2, p. 273.x.

Most freq. in phrase i n-ingnais meaning

(a)

(i) in the absence of, deprived of, without, absent from: bith i n-ingnaiss do mna, IT i 130.1 . is mitharba lend cach main ... it ingnais, RC xiv 400 § 4. amal atai, a n-ingnais do thlachta `without thy raiment,' Todd Lect. iii 54.17 . cid fata no beith in ingnais in taigi `absent from the house,' Cog. 50.5 . ní in bhar niongnais `it will be in your presence,' BNnÉ 247.7 . ni ro fhedsad treabhadh a niongnais an daim, 186.30 . Conghal ... a n-iongnus na flatha `(who has been) deprived of ...,' ITS v 46.22 . fada les-[s]um comnaidi na nGrec i n-ingnais in chatha `should stay away from the war,' TTebe 2597 . bar n-athair ... beith a n-ingnais a shúl, 4394 . 'na hiongnais fhúair a chabhair | tiomnais uaidh an ealadhain `he bequeathed the art apart from which he obtained help' (i.e. he had ceased to practise it), Studies 1918, 99 § 8 . techt 'na iodhnais nach dóigh dhí, | a Róimh ionnmhais is inmhe, L. Cl. A. B., 257.151 . pibar do berbad ... a mbegan fina no a n-ingnais fina, 23 P 10³, 63b4 .

(ii) not in possession of, not in the possession of: nocha n-airithi lium aithne intí bis a n-ingnais `who is not in possession,' O'Dav. 1306. gin gu beth acht aen baili d'Erinn ina ingnais `not in his possession,' Laws v 50.28 Comm. robudh iasacht gan indlacad dam-sa, imlecán oirechais Ērenn am ingnais, ML² 1411.

(b)

(i) besides, apart from ; except, with the exception of: in begān slūaig do bī ag Finn ... ūair nī raibi acht cūic cēt dēc a n-ingnāis con ┐ gilla a farrad Finn, Fianaig. 70.24 . ised tucad d'ór ┐ d'airgeat as in ingnais séd ┐ cumdach, CCath. p. 116 n. 12 . in n-ingnais i nderna Murchad, Cog. 184.15 . bid mor ri na n-ingnais sin . . do shil Conuill besides these, Fen. 96.21 . maithi Bharun Erenn uile a n-ingnais Iarla Uladh, AU ii 396.14 = inégmuis, ALC i 524.22 . an trat gabus let in cuirp a ningnuis leit in cind `with the exception of' (of paralysis), Rosa Angl. 248.5 . gach lae a n-ingnais lae na haicsisi, 23 P 10³, 65a21 .

(ii) beyond: is edh is cardiaca and .i. crith gluasachta in craidi a ningnuis nadura `praeter naturam,' Rosa Angl. 120.2 . att boill a ningnuis na nadura, 162.8 .

(c) in spite of: indar leis i n-ingnais a ḟesa ┐ a eolais, ba hi Medhbh do-bi ann, ZCP viii 542.14 .