láth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. láth or dil.ie/29625
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: láith, laith, lātha, lāithe

n o, m. Originally láith i, m. n s. laith, Corm. Y 811. g s. lātha (: Rātha), ZCP viii 334 n. l . n p. lāithe, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 10 § 2.

(a) Frequ. in phrase l.¤ gaile warrior: lāithe gaile Galiān / gabsit inna lāmaibh laigne `Kriegshelden', Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 10 § 2 . ind laith gaile, LU 8262 ( FB 20 ). trí láith gaile, trí laeich, BDD² 949 . airm itát na láith gaile, TBC-LL¹ 5772. diguin laith gaile outrage against a warrior, O'Curry 674 ( H 3.18, 329 ). Aengus Gaibuaibthech lád gaile, Ériu iii 135.5 . ar belaib láth gaile fer ṅHerend, LL 12528 . do ionalat a laochradh ┐ a laith goile, Leb. Gab.(i) i 246.7 . mó a lion do láthaibh goile, TD 27.33 . Incorrectly as compd.: tictis . . . a lathgaile, Fen. 112.18 . ALC i 412.24 = lath gaili `warriors', Ann. Conn. 12.

Without follg. gen. l.¤ warrior: l.¤ .i. laoch, O'Cl. láech bas ansu . . . nó l.¤ bas luinniu, LU 4840 ( TBC-I¹ 350 ). TBC-LL¹ 850. airm itát na laith aníar, / bérait toilg trisin cath sair, 5773 . co Belach Líac na l.¤ ngle, Metr. Dinds. iii 450.13 . lāth Elggae, aue Luirc Loīguiri, Ält. Ir. Dicht., ii 7 § 2 . sceo lathaib, 18 § 1. do lonnaib l.¤ is gaile, LL 259b1 ( IT iii 528 § 35 ).

For lúan láith warrior's moon, see 2 lúan. Cf. gin eneclann, gin daimh, lath ┐ fine, O'Curry 2489 ( Eg.88, 39(40)d ).

(b) Of animals heat, rutting : céin bess meracht a latha . . . orra, Laws iii 558.x . In phr. i n-aimsir (aimseraib) láith in rutting season : im muccullach for mucc(h)u .i. i n-aimsir laith, Laws i 144.6 Comm . a n-aimsir laith, v 152.6 . buirb anindle i n-aimseruib laith, 268.20 . As vn. in re . . . i mbit ac laith, v 154.y Comm . bid ag lath, no bis lath orra, 270.7 Comm . Of a human (in a spell): fon-riug do lath, UCR 32 .

Note also: lath .i. lúth .i. iarsinní lúthas, Corm. 27 . láith .i. dēde fordangair .i. lāith gail ┐ lāith med, Corm. Y 811.

Compds. With nouns: ¤buiden: trī liic lāthbuidne, Ériu viii 156.28 . ¤buille: heó óir . . . fris mben lúthu láthbulli, LU 8675 ( FB 51. `against which his bosom heaves, beating in full strokes', Henderson ITS ii p. 63 ). Cf. with basgadh(?): ge magh lán a long gan lathbhasgad, Rel. Celt. ii 286.28 .