martrae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. martrae or dil.ie/31640

Forms: martar, martre, martri, martre, martrae, martra, m., martra

n , f., (< Lat. martyrium, influenced by O.Ir. martar, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 352 ). n s. martre, Thes. ii 246.30 (Cambr. Hom.), AU 824. a s. martri, Wb. 23c31 , 24d13 . g s. martre, 4b21 , 7b5 . g p. martrae, Fél. Dec. 23.

(a) martyrdom (in strict sense, of violent death inflicted by enemies of God): gl. martyrium, Ir. Gl. 738. martrae Luciáni, Fél. Jan. 7. iar céssad hi mmartrai, Nov. 22. co cléir martrae máre, Dec. 6. na focraici dlegait ón Chomdid ar a mmartra, RC xxv 240 § 11 ( LU 2570 ). martre Blaimhicc o genntib, AU 824. sochaidhe martrai, 919 . Fig. of a place: martra Hérenn Tulen, Triads 29 (see AU 919 ). As vn.: na naim do martra , RC xix 16.18 . téit martrai suffers martyrdom: cia thiasu-sa martri (= etsi immolor), Wb. 23c31 . do thecht martre, 7b5 . dul martre, 4b21 . Dublitir sacardd Ard Macha do dhul martra leu, AU 922. nach macc dochuaid martrai la Hirúath, Fél. Ep. 267. ZCP iii 21.26 . dochotar martra la hechtrandu, RC ix 18 z ; but: dochuatar a martrai, Fél.² clxvi (Sept. 22) . bán- (derg-, glas-) m.¤ : filus tre chenelæ martre . . . baan-martre ocus glas-martre ocus derg-martre, Thes. ii 246.27 (for definition see p. 247 ). ǽs dergmartra dutrachtaige do Dia, FA 23. is aire tiagat in doini dercmartrae ┐ glasmartrae ┐ bánmartrai, Ériu vii 152.22 . Cf. ZCP iii 29.18 . ruadhmartra, ALC i 536.2 (of murder of a priest).

(b) in wider sense, a violent death; slaughter; intense suffering . dobērthar in mor-martra ann for sil Adaim (of Doomsday), SR 8179. fo bās martra roda[s]-smacht (of Elisha cursing the children), 7155 . bud fórmach do rig-martra, TBC-LL¹ 2759 = do rigmartaib, TBC-I¹ 2058. martra muintir[e] Vuilt, CCath. 2859. ni deis re Dia derg-martra ar dainib slaughter, MR 172.11 . beatha martra (= a life of self-mortification), Todd Nenn. 188.8 . Mael C. . . . do éc . . . fo buaidh martra ┐ haithrighi, AU ii 106.21 . go n-erbail . . . iar martra fhoda, AFM ii 926.8 .

(c) coll. relics (of saints or martyrs), somet. burial-place or tomb of a saint ; cf. martyria = martyrum ossa, reliquiae; martyrum sepulcra, Ducange . m.¤ Patraic, Trip. 120.20 . forácaib martrai sruithi occu, 194.12 (glossed `taisi' in both passages, ACL iii 22 , 26 ). airchinning bíte ós inchaib martra na nǽb, FA 25. co tairchellsatar relic ┐ martra Petair ┐ Phóil, LL 281a51 . is lais ro tarclamtha in mór-martra nóeb i n-oenscrín, 370b3 ( Arch. Hib. iv 204 ). Ériu v 120.20 . Witnesses took an oath over relics or at a saint's grave: tri .xx. fer do martra imon comraiti (i.e. 60 men to give witness at a saint's tomb about the deliberate act), Cóic Con. 38 § 52 , see note p. 66 . Cf. further: les martradh, Laws iv 86.19 Comm. (`probably a churchyard' note); leg. martrae?

(d) rarely martyr, victim: pāiss ocht cét cáin-martrae, Fél. Dec. 23. iss e seo lin na martra dorocair icon Troi, BB 445a23 (g s.?).