2 án

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 án or dil.ie/3242

I adj o, ā. See O'Rahilly, Early Ir. Hist. and Myth. 286 ff. Pokorny, Jn. Celt. St. i 129 - 130 . fiery, bright, glowing: saigtea ana gl. sagitas . . . ardentes, Ml. 24c3 . cosind saigit áin, 133a4 . ar licc áin tentidi, TBC 3384 . Appar. also in compd. derc (= derg?)-á.¤ : for licc dercain, RC xi 444.25 . amal sladar iasc mbrec for licc dergáin co sústaib iarind, LU 8655 ( FB 48 ). uaim ifirn áin fiery(?), Ériu ii 229 § 6 . grían á.¤ (or similar phrase) frequ. used of a person: ān grīan grīssach / goires brēoda B., Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 15 . in grían á.¤ (of Moling), Fél. June 17 . lassar gréne áne (of St. Patrick), Mar. 17. Cf. Senac[h] á.¤ mar oebill, Gorm. Feb. 11 . Perh. also: buidne ana do ainglib shining(?), LU 1993 ( FA 6 ). áes án bright (or splendid) folk applied to otherworld people and synonymous with áes síde: aes á.¤ nó sithc[h]aire, O'Dav. 1600 . do brigh go millthighe leisan aois áin (sic) no leisna siodh-bhruighibh gach mac, BNnÉ 164.4 . Cf. poc aosáin `a fairy stroke', RC iv 178 .

In more general sense as eulogistic adj. brilliant, splendid, glorious: an .i. uasal, O'Cl. hān flaith for Temair, Ériu xvi 147.15 . dend Eoganacht áin sin, Fél. Oct. 20 . Ailill á.¤ , TBC 483 . a Emer á.¤ folt-buide, LU 3946 ( SC 44 ). it āna ind ōic, TBC² 165 . ni rubaim níth n-erred n-á.¤ , LU 6230 (TBC). gillai óca ána airegda, MU² 74 . co trebur co caomar cembedha ana airccecha, O'D. 2201 ( Nero A vii, 140a ). amais ana immglicca, Alex. 3 . Of a place: Emain á.¤ , LL 7515 . Ailbhe Imligh áin, Cog. 96.27 . Of water: ri c[ria]thras usce n-an n-úar, SR 41 . for in n-ocian n-ucht-lethan n-á.¤ , Auraic. 5353 . Very frequ. as epithet of Ireland: ōs Ēirinn āin, Bruchst. 56 § 125 . Hérend áine, Met. Dinds. iv 150.8 , etc. Of feats, games: co clessaib ana, TBC 1851 . na cleasa ána iolordha, ITS xxiv 46.34 . bá há.¤ aircech aibind nobítis láith gaile . . . isin tig sin, LU 10131 . Of speech , etc. mad sulbair ┐ mad á.¤ in precept `brilliant', Wb. 8a5 . ba suī, ba ān, ba airdirc, Bruchst. 41 § 7 . ogh-briathra ána, MR 160.7 .

Appar. also swift, speedy (see O'Rahilly loc. cit. and p. 517 ): for a ndíb neachaibh ána udmalla, FM vi 1920.18 . rogres a eochu ana athloma, TTebe 2862 . fer á.¤ athlamh, TBC 5324 . am tren, am an, am athlum, IT i 141.19 . con- facatar na cet[h]a ana imtroma ┐ na casrac[h]a ana im- luat[h]a, CCath. 4953 . tucadar cuir ana athluma d'aroile, CF 491 . Hence in glossaries: a.¤ .i. luath ut est airgiu ána .i. it luatha do airrechtain, O'Dav. 13 . a.¤ .i. ésgaid no luath, O'Cl. fir conoencosaibh ana (.i. luatha) (: lāna), Leb. Gab. 52.1 .

Compar. is áiniu dúibsi a n-asbiursa `it is nobler for you what I say', Wb. 5a10 . dírimm bas choímiu ná bess áiniu, TBFr. 47 . ? is edh doberiud bruith isna hōgaib no-gontais ann, comtar aniu iarnauārach, RC xii 94 § 123 . co nād būi i fēin Find [fer] bad áiniu ┐ bad escaidiu ō sain [im]mach `swifter', Four Songs 22.7 .

Superl. is é rí as ánem ┐ as ordnidhem . . . tánic in domun uile, BDD² 1070 . In phrase in tan ba háinem (do) x when x was at the height of his performance, at his best: intan ba hánem dó, BDD 109 . in tan tra ba h-aínium doib beith for sin luindi sin when their anger was at its fiercest, BB 437b26 . an tan ba háinemh dona Gallaibh foran abairt atrubhramor, Hugh Roe 36.11 (fo. 10a) . an tan bá h-aínemh dóibh isuidhe `when they were here making merry', FM v 1862.17 . Compar. used as superl.: in tráth rop ániu doib oc ól when their feast was at its height, LL 14637 . intan ba haniu flaith Cuirc hi Caisiul, Anecd. iii 59.30 . in tan tra b'aine in gleo sin when that noise was at its height, Aen. 2830 . in tan tra ba h-aine ic tafann na fiadmil, 727 . in tan ba haine do o[c] cathugadh fri lucht na long, BB 419a8 .

Adv. gabait ar a ól co h-á.¤ , LL 207b15 . go hā.¤ , ZCP viii 115 § 28 . nert Erenn ni gab co han, Fen. 64.19 . ? ro gerradh . . . co roan .i. co ro-luath, Leb. Gab. 102 n.2 .

II As subst. glory, splendour, etc. orgin. o, n. ni ain something of splendour, Auraic. 1585 . Aimirgen indse Gáedel / ar n-ór, ar n-á.¤, ar n-óebel `our glory', Ériu iv 136.18 . As o, m. splendid person: gach á.¤ is éigeas, Keat. ii 1752 ( BB 43a 56 ).

Compds. ? ¤-bó: caeca an bó a hO. ` fine cows ', BR 64.1 . ¤-breó bright flame , Fél. June 2 . ¤-chainnel bright torch: da ánchaindil gascid Gaedel, TBC 3771 ( LL 10730 ) = anch., 3769 ( 10729 ). ? ¤-chend: doluid Eocho anchend ed, LL 375a28 (no rhyme). la hEochaid Ānchend, ZCP xi 65 § 16 . ¤-ḟer: bītis āinfir (: fáilid) maille frim glorious men, Ériu ii 95 § 4 . ¤-loise: dā ānloise `splendid flames' (of heroes), TBC² 3313 . ¤-rí splendid king: Maicc Cairpri, cāine ānrīg, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 18 § 2 . ¤-spirut: án spirut nóeb nert nime `splendid holy spirit', Thes. ii 351.2 (Hy. vi). ? ¤tengthaid clear spokesman: antengtaid ardafeith 'it is a clear spokesman who tends it' Peritia v 88 (k) . ? feithem fri hantenguidh timgair gell comgrad 'attending to the clear spokesman who summons the pledge of those of equal rank' CIH vi 2223.4 , Peritia v 104 .