mothar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mothar or dil.ie/32610
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: mothru

n o, m., (orig. n.? cf. m.¤ n-aidhche, O'Dav. 1245 and legal texts cited below). Prob. cognate with 1 moth; the orig. sense may be something dark or intricate.

(a) a thicket, jungle, wilderness (of greater extent and wilder than a '1 muine'): ro leith fid ┐ m.¤ dar crich nGuaire, RC xvi 34 z ( Dinds. 84 ). tene mhor ar mh.¤ Durlus, IT iii 97 § 158. bid mōin ┐ m.¤ a feranna-seom co bráth (a curse), BColm. 62.17 . co nár fág .. . móin nā muine nā m.¤ , BS § 12 . fích mothair, Metr. Dinds. iv 16 y . eter mothru ┐ amréthi, FB 47 (a p.). ro lin mac-alla . . . mothra ┐ caillti, CCath. 5625. ingen maic Niad na mothur, LL 139a16 . a mothraib mórálli Manéti, 233a28 ( TTr. 1204 ). tar moithribh an maigh-sleibhe, AFM vi 2128.13 . Freq. in place-names, see Hog. Onom. (= Anglo-Irish Moher).

(b) transf. a dense, rough, or tangled mass . Of a high sea: co mothor mara Torrían, LL 135b12 = Rawl. 78a2 ( PRIA 1884, 2nd series ii 230 ). tar in m.¤ mortonnach, CF 37. ro eirigh in fairrgi ana mothur mor-ainbtenach, D IV 2, 45ra11 . Of clouds or mist: mothur imdorcha aidchidi, LL 235b13 ( TTr. 1375 ). co mbátar 'na m.¤ dluith dorcha dubhchíach (of clouds), CCath. 3339. doni en-motar mor dorcha dibh (sc. clouds), ITS xiv 150.14 . Cf. gor bha chéo truailnithi . . . i mbui do mhothor inna mhedhon, RC xiv 265 § 59 = a mboi do mhóthur, TBC-LL¹ p. 305 n. 5 , where it seems used of foul vapour or ordure. Other applications: in m.¤ sciath dense mass of shields, Ériu v 240.1 . cona ngreanmothraib goiscidi (of whiskers and beards), MR 180.10 ; 184.18 .

(c) in fig. sense, obscurity; a tangled or intricate problem: mothor n-airechta .i. is toirche [= doirche] laisin airecht, H 4.22 p. 30 ( O'Curry 2002 ). mothur n-ecuimne .i. is dorcha aire inn inbaidh coimperta, ib. Cf. O'Dav. 1245 : m.¤ .i. dorcha, ut est mac sula saighid seilbh ciasa m.¤ .i. innsaigid in ferann cidh dorcha a breth [dó] (the citation might mean an acknowledged son seeks [landed ] property even though it is a wilderness). ? mothar n-iubaili nertadh rudhartha, Eg. 88, fo. 37c ( O'Curry 2461 ); apparently: the lapse of time forming a barrier against claims, Plummer, MS. notes. Cf. further: dorad i mmothar an ní sin that bewildered (?) him, BDD² 1183 = i mmoth LU.

Compds.

(a) with subst. ¤chluas f.: ro mael . . . a motharchluasa shaggy (?) ears , SG 251.9 . ¤mhuine 'a dense thicket': as amhlaidh éimh robhúi an t-ionadh sin ┐ motharmhuine móirdreasa míndeilgneach ann, BS 12 § 18 . ¤thír wild land covered with thicket , RC xiii 9.4 (mothor-).

(b) with adj. ¤daingen: i mendattaib m.¤-daingne ┐ i ndroibhélaibh diamhra ensconced in thickets (?), Hugh Roe 128.23 (fo. 35a) . fíodhbhadh ¤dhlúith, Todd Lect. iv 94.7 . muinel mothlach ¤dhorcha, ZCP vi 80.19 . fon muir ¤ dhorca, Études Celt. i 81.32 . ós a muineól ¤glas shaggy and grey , Metr. Dinds. iii 78.8 .