1 nia, niae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 nia, niae or dil.ie/33151
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: Nioth, Neth, niath, niäd, niath, niad, Nia, niaid, níaíd, niad, niaid, nia, niaid, níad, nia, níad, níathaib, niad(h), niadh, niad-

n d, m. a warrior . For a discussion of the origin of 1 and 2 nia see MacNeill, Ir. Ogham Inscriptions, PRIA xxvii C 15 p. 369 fg. ; Peritia v 140-43 ; ZCP viii 185 ; x 405 fg. g s. O.Ir. (in npr.)? Nioth, Thes. ii 267.39 , 269.34 (< Ardm. 14a2 , 15b2 ; acc. to Pokorny ZCP x 404 this form represents 2 nia). Neth, 273.7 (Adamnán), archaic form. Niath, 274.38 (ib.). niath, 8.38 (Aug. Cr. 26v5 ). ind niäd , Hy. v 71. Mid.Ir. niath, TBC-LL¹ 2630. TBC-I¹ 1967. niad, pass. Nia, LU 7685 (npr.). d s. do niaid , TBC-I¹ 1646. ra níaíd , TBC-LL¹ 3410. n du. na dā niad , TBC-LL¹ 3768 = dá nía, St. n p. niaid, LL 190b42 . tri nia , BDD 134 (= LU 7786 ), niaid v.l. g p. tricha níad (: tríath), LL 206a51 = nia , Acall. 465. níad, SR 4085. d p. níathaib. LU 9319.

Later often written niad(h) in n s. (so almost always in Cóir An.). a s. cin niadh , LL 393b19 .

In O.Ir. the word was a disyllable, cf. bebaid and in rignía, ZCP xiii 377.4 ( B. in Scáil 14 ). ar ulc fri fraicc ind niad, Hy. v 71. fidchell Cremthaind niaid [leg. niad] Náir, LU 1103. LL 121b51 (see below); all heptasyllabic verses.

In Mid.Ir. treated as monosyll.: iar cathaib iar nithaib níad, SR 4085 (7 syll.), cf. TBC-LL¹ 604. ní hopair niad náre, TBC-LL¹ 3275 = TBC-I¹ 2465 (6 syll.), cf. TBC-LL¹ 3410 and LL 44b36 .

In compds. the form niad- is used.

A warrior, champion , apparently used somet. of a recognized or professional champion in attendance on a king or chief; confined to heroic romance and poetry.

nith .i. guin. Nie in fer dodgní, Corm. Y 973. nia .i. trenfer, 978 ; same gloss Hy. v 71 Comm. , LL 44b36 , 208a30 , 377b16 , BB 119b27 , Metr. Gl. Ff. 23 , O'Cl. níadh .i. trén, Cóir Anm. 106 , 180 , 192 . is ionann nia is gaisceadhach nó tréinfhear, Keat. ii 3644 . 6273 . in nia, SR 6827 (of David's captain Joab). nia tire, ZCP viii 311.25 . ba niad side, ba fenid, YBL 179b32 . Glas mac Luinde . . . nia sin Fiachach Sraiphtine, BB 358b4 . am niadh frí huair iorghaile, Todd Lect. iv 98.13 . cless níad, FB 51. cride níad, SCC 38 ( LU 3848 ). ferg niad, TBC-I¹ 2179 , cf. 1706 . nasc niad, Corm. Y 978 (see 1 nasc). naidm níad, TBC-LL¹ 604. nert niad, Aen. 2569. Huatu o tat noí maic niat[h] in cach bailiu, ZCP viii 334.20 (techn. term?). ro batar cethri niaid do chlaind aicce .i. Uathnia ┐ Druthnia. Cáinnia ┐ Deochnia, LL 190b42 . catha Fosta ba forrach niad, LL 44b36 .

As abstr. = strength, valour? da mbeith do nert nō do níagh, ZCP x 301.25 . Possibly also in follg. exx. from B. na f.: Oisin ro chan indsin . . . ar nia na mucci, IT i 163.6 = LL 208a22 (note follg. a poem on a monster pig). mu leo úam ḟaesum dum niad, IT i 163.4 ( LL 208a21 ) = dom niadh, Ed., where the glosses .i. ar mo chommus féin, L., .i. mo bhoill as comairce diob nert, Ed., seem to include the word niad.

In compos. with a preceding noun: bār-nia lond Labraid princely champion, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 7 § 2 = barniad, Rawl. 118a11 ; bar (.i. sai) nia (.i. trenfer), LL 377b16 . Cf. bár níad, Dinds. 42 ( RC xv 433.12 ). grithniad, MR 170.10 (g p.). rignía, ZCP xiii 377.4 . frisin rígnia, Alex. 55.

As fictive npr.: imda Nia ┐ Bruthni, dā foss mési Conairi, BDD 127.

Folld. by a gen. or adj., freq. as sobriquet or even npr.: Níad in Chairnn the Champion of the Cairn, Cóir Anm. 276 (sobriquet of Cormac Conloinges). Níadh Corb, 192 , cf. Mocu Neth Corb, Thes. ii 273.7 . Carpre Nia fer, CRR 19. in regno Coirpri Nioth fer, Thes. ii 267.39 . d'airsciu Cairpri Niod fer, LL 121b51 (7 syll.). do choígedh Choirpri Níadh fer, Cóir Anm. 205 (7 syll.). Crimthan Nía Nár, 106 . Nía Naí nGraínde, 119 . Nia Segamain, LL 129a8 . Cóir Anm. 26 (Niadh). nepos Niath Taloric, Thes. ii 27 4.38 . Cf. mac Nioth, BB 149d35 .

See gnía.