1 nó

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 nó or dil.ie/33204

Forms: no-, atnoí, no, nu, na, ná

conj. or ; acc. to Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 441 a petrified imperative from the vb. no- (found in 3 s. pr. atnoí); Thurneysen, Thurn. Hdb. § 873 , conjectures that it may have been orig. negative.

In O.Ir. also written no and nu ( Cambr. 37d = Thes. ii 245.36 ), and in Mid.Ir. somet. na, ná (through confusion with ná nor). In O. and Mid.Ir. lenites initial of a follg. noun (possibly in O.Ir. of a vb. also: no chonutangar, gl. aut comitur, Ml. 14c5 ); not so in Mod.Ir.

Generally expressed in MSS. by the Lat. contraction for vel (ł).

Used as disjunct. conj. to separate members of a clause or co-ordinate clauses in order to express one or more alternatives. Gl. aut ( Ml. 14c5 , 136b5 ) and vel ( 94c10 ). lia diis no thriur more than two or three persons, Wb. 13a4 . is lour dā preceptóir no thríi, 13a9 . fó dí nó fó thrí, FB 81. cith ine [sic leg.] chuis nu ine laim nu ine meraib whether in his foot or in his hand, Thes. ii 245.36 ( Cambr. 37d ). cid mór in duil nó cid becc, Ml. 145c3 , cf. 17c3 . cid i caisc nó chorgus, Fél. Ep. 562 (corgus v.l.). itir foss no utmaille, itir suide no ṡessam, Hy. i 3 (T.). troscud ind nó bith for usciu ┐ bargin (alternative penances), Mon. Tall. 9. nad ḟetar-sa . . . ar bad chalmu in Galian Lagen na Lúagni na Temrach andathi-siu whether the G. . . . or the L. . . . were braver than you, CRR 48. eplid do gorta . . . no ithed cách a céli uaib, PH 1023. ron-áil fair conā tormaigfed nó nā digebad cid a oen-fhocul not to add nor take away a single word, Mon. Tall. 61. nā rachthai ón Troí co tucthar síd dúib esti ná co taethaisti acci nó co ndechaisti ḟurri until peace be granted you or till ye fall or till ye overpower it, LL 240b26 ( TTr. 1774 ).

In disjunctive questions: in oc urnaidi Con Culaind bía fodechtsa no in lim-sa doraga? wilt thou await C. or come with me ? SCC 46. indat sochenel no dochenel?, PH 695. ba cunntabairt lemm in n-ó Dia no in n-o diabul ro boí sium, 1493 .

Somet. loosely used where sense is not disjunctive, almost = and: cait i fuarais hi no cia dosgni hi?, PH 208. abair friumm cia cathair duit no caide h'ainm no cia fochund fora tanic, 1137 . Cf. nách nó deilighthi atá annsa chorp acht nó ar ocus that it is not disjunctive `or' which stands in the text but `or' used for `and', H 3.18 p. 645a ( O'Curry 1445 ).

Often (like Eng. or) used instead of ná in a neg. sent., somet. in juxtaposition with the latter: nichar-fail tlacht nó dagbíad, SR 1560 , cf. 512 . ni boi . . . i nnim nó hi talum, LB 112a10 ( MacCarthy 62.4 ) = i nnim nā talmain, SR 1511. áit innā bí bás nó peccad nā imorbus, LU 9996. ni coir lais berrad nā fothruc[ud] . . . nó nach gníomrad ale, Mon. Tall. 55. ní lécset uacht no scís no íttaid . . . fair, PH 1973. gan rún faladh nó formaid, Dán Dé xxv 34 .

nó . . . nó either . . . or , expressing an absolute alternative ( = Lat. aut . . . aut): no teidh-si . . . ar seachran no ni theid, Luc. Fid. 364.20 . no do an Criosd a bfochair a eagluisi . . . no nior an, 369.1 .

In late texts a spurious pl. form is occas. found, on the analogy of oldáit, indáit, etc.: mar dogénadh mac [sic leg.] tíre caírigh nóid uain sheep or lambs, RC xix 50 § 67. do fhiafruigh . . . an rabhadar biadha náid lóinte aca, Keat. ii 264 .