2 nómad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 nómad or dil.ie/33296

Forms: nómaide, naemhaidhe, naemhaidhe, nómhaidi, nómaidhe

n ā, f. and nómaide , f. (later and commoner form): in early Mod.Ir. also with diphthong naemhaidhe. naemhaidhe nómhaidi, IGT Dec. § 3.31 . g s. nómaidhe, ib. ex. 145 .

(a) in strict sense a specified period of time , defined by Loth, RC xxv 134 fg . as 9 days and 9 nights; by Stokes, RC xii 122 as 9 periods of 8 hours (or 3 days); by Meyer, MacCongl. Gloss. as an ennead of 9 hours (= 3½ days); and by Thurneysen, ZCP xiv 348 as an ennead of 12 hours (= 4½ days); this last definition is supported by Laws ii 240.19 fg. , a passage in which the processes in preparing malt are given with the time allotted to each: la co n-aidchi (.i. laithe aicinti) i folc ┐ tri la (.i. laithe co leith aicinta) for dibuirsin ┐ nomad (.i. nomad saerdha sain, secht laithe aicinta uile sain) a comlugad fo cotuige; from which it appears that 1+1½ `natural' days (days of 24 hours) together with a `nómad' made up 7 natural days, hence a `nómad' = 4½ natural days. The term also appears equated with noínden: conid de baí in cess for Ulltaib fri re nomaide, Dinds. 94 ( RC xvi 45.15 ); see also ZCP iii 240.7 quoted below.

In literature the word seems to be used rather loosely for a period of 3 days or somewhat more; freq. mentioned as the time for which a person dangerously wounded or ill lingers on or conversely as the time within which a cure is effected; cf. mod. naomhaidhe `a period (usually nine days) allowed by surgeons,etc. for resting an injured limb . . . the period after which a sick person is declared out of danger', Dinneen . ro aínius nómaid, LU 1350 = Imr. Brain ii 292.9 (advbl. acc.). ro batar co cenn nómidi ann . . . ic fledugud, IT i 129.6 . co cend nómaide ro an | 'sin tṡíd glóraide glé-glan `till three days were out', Metr. Dinds. iii 350.37 (naemaide v.l.). inti assa teilced-side fuil, is marb re cind nomaide, LU 5955 = ba m. re ndé nomaide, TBC-I¹ 1489. Cf. TBC-LL¹ 2925. conid erbalad ria ndē nomaide, Fianaig. 36.12 . a righan . . . do éc dia cumaidh ria cenn nomaidhe, AU ii 52.4 (a. 1093 , of Margaret queen of Scotland who died on the fourth day after her husband's death, see RC xxv 134 ). na filid dott'aorad . . . co rabuit i talmain ria nomaide, ACL iii 325.11 . dosbēraind do chorp i talmain . . . re nómaide anocht `before long to-night' (i.e. before the time for which you might yet linger has expired?), MacCongl. 107.10 (H. 3.18 text). da mbethea nómhaidhe gan bhiadh, Duan. F. i 82 ( xxxi 5 ; cf. atú gan biadh teóra tráth, ib. 1 ). `Ca ḟat beither ic á leighes?' `Ré nómaide' ar Libra primliaig, Acall. 5260 (`a nine days' space', O'Gr.). ré naemaide, 5263 . ar oentaid .ix. maide i ngnais na mna `für neuntägige Vereinigung mit der Frau', ZCP xix 119 § 11 . With poss. pron. (later use): ro fhagaib . . . nā comaillfed a nomaidhi 'na beathaidh in tuata na [=no] blaisfed feoil, etc., BB 233a29 . ní roicheann a nómaidhe antí atchí hí (scil. an phéist) `he who sees it does not live a week', BNnÉ 126 y . a n-ég araon a cend a naomuidhi, AU iii 502.27 (a. 1512 ). atbath a ccionn a nomaidhe, AFM iv 1244.6 . pl. ansat teora nomada for muir Caisp, CS 10.21 . día teóra nómad iarom ba slán A., IT i 125.27 ( LU 10749 ), cf. Ériu xii 166.16 (`after thrice nine days'). co cend teurai nomad, ZCP iii 240.7 (co cend tri .ix. v.l.). ícidh fri teóra nómhadha, Leb. Gab.(i) i 148 x .

(b) a none (of the month): mí Mharta ┐ mí Iuil . . . sé nómada bhís innta ┐ secht kalanna dég, O'Gr. Cat. 252.15.