oíb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. oíb or dil.ie/33585

Forms: oíph, oíb, aíb, oeb, aeb, lan-aeba, aóbh, aoibh, aobha, aebh, aeibhe, áobh, aeib, aoibh, aebglan, oebnār

n f. and m. O.Ir. oíph, Wb. 7c1 . Mid.Ir. oíb, aíb, oeb, aeb. g s. (? a p.) lan-aeba, SR 46. aóbh (on dath) m., g s. aoibh, aobha, IGT Dec. § 38.3 . aebh f., g s. aeibhe, § 39.3 . áobh, ib. 9 . ? aeib f., § 14.11 .

(a) the orig. sense seems semblance, appearance, aspect, nature or condition (of things or abstracts). alind á oíph in forcitil nemnech immurgu a inne the form (manner) of the teaching is attractive, but its substance is poisonous, Wb. 7c1 . lestar lán, cen áeb n-engaig, | in Spírta saér, SR 7111 (= leg. aíb . . . saír). én uais co n-aib ḟorórda, 4280 . on berla Ebraide namá ro labairset . . . do-thaitne aeb a mberla dílis do chach (i.e. to each the language spoken appeared to be his own), PH 5487 . dorala saine aibe for erlabra lochta na Galilee fri haitrebtachaib Ierusalem (i.e. the Galileans had a different way of speaking from the inhabitants of Jerusalem), 3191 . ro ḟigius . . . craeb choibniusa . . . cen aíb ndoilgiusa, LL 143a 36 . Aengus cen oib n-indligid `semblance of illegality', Fél. p. xxv 9 ( LB 106b46 ). Cf. aib .i. cosmailis, Lec. Gl. 420. aibh no aoibh .i. cosmhaileas, O'Cl. áobh (innad [inand v.l.]), IGT Dec. § 39.9 .

(b) beauty or attractiveness (of appearance, nature or dis- position) ; cf. áobh (ōn dath), IGT § 38.3 . aéb na gréni a gel- lám, LL 140a11 . aéb chuirp don ḟīrgil, ib. 40 . co rus-carsat inghina righ . . . ar a oirscelaibh oeibhe ┐ engnúmha, ZCP xiii 166.6 . in ben co n-aíb rathmair ríg `the king's wife gracious and lovely', Met. Dinds. i 8.26 . ingen briugad . . . co ndeilb luchar co lán-aíb, iii 174.102 . ro bo geis don rígh go n-aeibh `the beautiful King', Ériu iv 176.8 . aiged in airdrig . . . cona haíb ┐ cona háilli, MR 114.18 . pl. taithnid aoba for a dre[i]ch beauties, charms (of the isle of Rachru), ZCP x 53.25 (perh. an abstr., cf. oíbe).

In Mart. Gorm. freq. used in speaking of saints, perhaps in moral sense of grace : Colman co n-aib ḟīr-ōig, Mart. Gorm. Dec. 15. Gun- denes co ndegh-aeib, July 18 . Anmere na hóeibi, Nov. 2. Cf. a Iosu . . . tindlaicc damh aeib is eolus, BB 399a31 .

The expression: co n-oíb is freq. in poetry, used adverbially or as cheville: finnaid, a druide, co n-áeb, TBC 728 = aoib, St. dorochair Ellim co n-aíb, LL 128a21 . docer la Eochaid co n-aíb, 128b51 ( MacCarthy 170 § 2 , 188 § 6 ).

Folld. by gen.: meicc Eladan aeb idna, ZCP xiv 175.3 = aob iodhna `beauty of weapons', Leb. Gab. i 158. cath F. for laechraid Laigen . . . áeb na Herenn `delight of Ireland', Arch. Hib. ii 60 § 26 ( LL 183a2 ). aoibh eoil ar ghréin 's ar ghealaigh (of a cleric and scholar), Arch. Hib. i 93.3 .

Of condition, vigour; prosperity, felicity, affluence : fa mór m'allud ocus m'aéib, Anecd. i 36.5 (of the Hawk of Achill). nír dúr a allud 's a aeb, LL 33a36 . don druing fa mór aoibh is á[i]gh, Ériu i 100.14 . Gúaire na háebe, LL 297b29 . fer d'a tuc Dia aibh ┐ grasa co mór `felicity', AU iii 148.12 . cenn aibhe ┐ aitis fear nEreann `cheerfulness', FM iv 1146.17 . níor shiubhail iath . . . nach bíodh fa lán aoibhe an ḟir (i.e. every land he travelled in tasted of his affability), Arch. Hib. i 91 § 13 . an tí dobheir 's dogheibh grádh | do fhan sé go bráth fá aoibh is always in bliss, Dánta Grádha xi 12 . da mbeith ar an ealadhuin aoibh nō onoir ag Gaoidhealuibh if learning were held in favour or honour by Gaels, YBL 170a45 (scribe's colophon).

(c) in Mart. Gorm. freq. used as an adj. in composition with another preceding adj. Failbe finn-óeb (.i. aebh alainn), Mart. Gorm. Apr. 29 . pápa Félic fír-áeb, July 29 . Euseb oll-oeb, Aug. 25. Beatrix og ol[l]-aib, July 29 . Cf. fri sratha slan-aeb, SR 54 (= g p.?). In mod. lang. aoibh is used as an adj.: múscail méinn aontadhach aoibh `a kindly spirit of unity', O'Bruad. ii 10.13 . aoibh `pleasant, civil, courteous', O'R.

Compds.

(a) with follg. adj.: Fergus oeb-ghel, Gorm. May 29 . an taobh aoibhgheal mar uan tonn, A. Ó Dálaigh xxiv 6. aebglan, Gorm. Apr. 8. oebnār, ib. Sep. 20. sluadh nime naomaingligh aob aiblidh (= oíb-oíbligh), ZCP viii 211.16 .

(b) with noun: Agapitus aebdrech of gracious countenance, Gorm. Aug. 6. ra ḟacsin a áebdreche, RC xxix 211 § 1. hi niurt athar ┐ aobmaic ┐ aobspirda, ZCP vi 258.14 . for oebnemh, Gorm. Sep. 23.