opaid, (obbaid)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. opaid, (obbaid) or dil.ie/33904

Forms: obbais, opae, conim-op, oip, obus-sa, atbobuid

vb., compd. of od-bond-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 476. In O.Ir. found only in conjunct forms: s-subj. 2 s. ni obbais , ZCP iii 454.10 . ni opae (obais, obuis v.l.), Ériu i 199.6 (Riagail Comghaill, about A.D. 800?). 3 s. conim-op, Ml. 20b6 . arna oip , 42a2 . s-fut. 1 s. ni obus-sa , ZCP xiii 280.6 . The pret. in O.Ir. is supplied by ad-bond-: 3 s. atbobuid, LU 10954. In Mid.Ir. treated as a simple vb. with s-pret.

Refuses, declines, rejects (someth. offered): no frithbhrui- dheadh (.i. no obad) biadh in druad, Lat. Lives 68.5 . ro opastar B. in cailech. `Cid' or in fer gráid `ara n-opai?', 84 x . ní ro ob M. in grad sin, 90.1 . ní ro obai Pátraic inní sin, Trip. 54.2 . cuich ro opabad [no oibebad, Eg.] caradrad fhir mar thusu?, TTebe 676 . With FOR of pers.: dogrés ní op idparta | forsin cách dodn-imgera `never should he refuse offerings to (? decline . . . from) any one', Ériu iii 98 § 14 (Rule of Ailbe). obbsat fair C. ┐ L. in cennach sin, FB 77. ro op poicc forsin caillig, RC xxiv 198.10 . póg ar Íobhas gion gur ob though He declined not Judas' kiss, Dán Dé xx 12.

With pers. obj.: co tainic araile fer co Dubthach do chuinchid a ingine . . . ros-opustar tra B. (= respuebat eum), Lat. Lives 71.13 . ra repestar [leg. ra opastar] na techta sin ┐ ní thánic leo, TBC-LL¹ 3013. no gebedh forend dib cuigi ina luing, ro obad foirend ele, Aen. 1316.

Refuses (to give, do someth.): ni gess, ni obbais ask nought, refuse nought, ZCP iii 454.10 . ro ob tiachtain chugainne, Aen. 748 . opais an ingen a coimlebaid, RC xxiv 278 § 15. ro opsat Túath Dé D. a chorugud, Acall. 6849. nar diult sīoth, nar ob ēissīod, ZCP ii 335.11 . don chloinn ba chlaon . . . obthar libh . . . gach gin chloinne tlátha tríd (= refuse to bear chil- dren to . . .), Keat. Poems 1319. Esp. of declining or shirking combat: nā hob cath!, Cog. 126.5 . ní obuid in cath cruaidh, Fianaig. 76.18 . mac . . . nocho n-obann imguin, Anecd. i 49.5 .

See also oipdid.