1 ós, (úas)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ós, (úas) or dil.ie/34047

 

Forms: os, huas, húas, úas, oas, ás, ósind, ósin, úasum, huasum, huassot, uasat, uaso, uasa, uasu, uasom, uasto, uaisdi, uaisti, uasaind, ósib, úasaib, úassaib, uasdaib, uaistibh, uastu, uasu, uasa, uasa

prep. os, Wb. 21a14 . BCr. 33b1 . huas, Sg., Ml. húas, BCr. 18c4 . úas, Fél. Prol. 22. oas, LL 52a48 . ás, ib. TBC-LL¹ 2805.

With art.: ósind, ósin (uas-, huas-). pl. osnaib gaithaib, Trip. 130.21 . úasna flathib, Fél. Ep. 542. osna urgalá, TBC-LL¹ 2767 .

With pers. pron.: 1 s. úasum, Hy. vi 4. huasum, SR 856. 2 s. huassot, SR 1142 ; uasat. 3 s. m. and n. uaso, TBC-LL¹ 2488. TBC-LL¹ 1924 , 1956 ( LU 6438 , 6470 ). uasa, TBC-LL¹ 677. PH 4086. uasu, TBC-LL¹ 1820 , 858 , 2584 , PH 853. uasom, TBC-LL¹ 749 , and uasto, TBC-LL¹ 1952 ( LU 6466 ), are prob. mistakes. 3 s. f. (late forms) uaisdi, TBC-LL¹ p. 169 n. 1 . uaisti, Leb. Gab.(i) 72.16 . 1 pl. uasaind, TBC-LL¹ 4752 , 5974 . 3 pl. ósib, Wb. 2b7 . úasaib, LU 8815 ; úassaib, 8151 ( FB 61.11 ). uasdaib, SR 565. uaistibh, CCath. 1955. BNnÉ 318.24 . uastu, LL 266a10 , 24 . BColm. 22.19 . uasu, TBC-LL¹ 5565 = uasa, St., H.

With poss. pron.: ós (uas) mo, etc. 3 s. m. uasa. Governs dat. (occas. with acc. forms in Mid.Ir.).

Over, above ; gl. super, Wb. 2b7 , 21a14 ; supra, Sg. 17b3 , 68b3 .

(a) of local relations: in tituil ro boí huas ciun[n] Crist isin chroich, Ml. 74b1 . aesca bís os talam, Thes. ii 20.39 ( BCr. 33b1 ). isnaib rendaib fail húas gréin, Thes. ii 12.38 ( BCr. 18c4 ). nem uasaind ┐ talam ísaind, TBC-LL¹ 4752 = ós ar ccend, St. lia uas lecht, IT i 158.1 ( LL 154a45 ). `Décha uasad!' Ro dechai iarom suas, ZCP xiii 179.9 . On (top of) (= prep. for): mind n-óir os a cind on her head, TBC-LL¹ 1557. scíath . . . uasu, 1820 . slegh . . . uastu [leg. uasu] ┐ claidem 'na laim, TTebe 3575 . issin brutt ossa bruinni, IT i 119.16 . os gabur gil (mounted) on a white horse, 158.2 . Denoting proximity, overlooking, overhanging : connici in taulaig ós ur na Bóinne, CRR 27. co Dínn Ríg os Berba, 16 . co nhebailt . . . uas Muir Icht by the sea of Wight, RC xxiv 192.12 . ruiber . . . caislen ar c[h]noc ard uassa, Fl. Earls 76.19 . In loose sense: co fárcbaid ós Tig Duind `at Tech D.', Ériu iv 136 z . Findachta . . . secht mbliadhna os cornaibh comōil, MacCarthy 418.3 ( BB 50a47 ), cf. Eng. `over the wine-cups'. dabuch d[e]arg-iubair . . . slog oss a ucht, ZCP viii 108.19 . a[g] golgairi uastu lamenting over them, TTebe 1926 . Rarely with vb. of motion: domfuc tond ós letha lind, LU 3001.

In late Mid.Ir. and Mod.Ir. the compd. prep. ós cind (ós cionn) takes the place of the simple form.

(b) of fig. relations: is huas neurt dom above my strength, Sg. 1a6 . húa[s] sillaib .i. móa óen sillaib (gl. supra syllabam), 68b3 . lánbendacht . . . úas bar ṅdálaib, Fél. Ep. 63. do fail a hainm úasu her name is on it (a mountain), Metr. Dinds. iii 302.64 . Above, surpassing, superior to: os cech anmimm, gl. super omne nomen, Wb. 21a14 . tlácht ós lígib (uas, huas v.l.), Hy. iv 10 , glossed: etach doroisce cach n-etach socraid, Thes. ii 326. ato[t]daimet fir Herend uasaib acknowledge thy superiority, FB 61 ( LU 8815 ). eo Rosa ós gach righfiodh- bhaidh, ZCP viii 221 § 43. (Head) over, (ruling) over: a rí uasna flathib, Fél. 542. biam tigerna os cech druṅg | ni bia rí aile huasum, SR 855 - 6 . Crist uas doinib, PH 6384. Íssu úas tuinn tuili who rules the flood-wave, Fél. Prol. 250 , cf. Apr. 23 (see ZCP ix 338 ). Patraic ás hErinn hi foss, | Brigit oas hErind andess, ZCP xi 110 § 31 ( LL 52a48 ). cethri bliadna Crimthaind . . . ós ind hErind, MacCarthy 192.3 ( LL 129a13 ). ní chlos éinbhean . . . ós breacmhoigh Éireann no woman was ever heard of ruling over . . . , Content. xxx 21. ina úachtarán . . . uassan gcathraigh, Fl. Earls 94.17 .

(c) in adverbial phrases in combination with a noun or adj.: ós cind over, above , used instead of the simple prep. in later lang. (see 1 cenn); bun ós cinn upside down, topsyturvy; ós aird aloud, openly ; ós ísel in private, secretly .

(d) rarely used as adv. (in place of túas, súas): imbeir cóic deich ubull óir | ós clesit fora anōil they bound aloft, SCC 37 ( LU 3811 ). bid trom form-sa amarach, | bid huas dam a ḟeidm will be beyond me (?), TBC-LL¹ 2262 (mistake for huasam?) = bud fortrén, TBC-LL¹ 3047. cath lond Luachra huas anuas | adces Brighid up and down (?), RC xvii 130.8 . in roibhi cumachta Righ neime uais [leg. úas] tis above and below, Auraic. 2433.