osnad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. osnad or dil.ie/34075
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: asnad, osna, o, osnadh, hosnaighe, osna, osnadh, osnagh, Osnaid, Osnadh, Osnaidhe

ā, f. (vn. formation from od- ess- an-, cf. con-osna, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 455 ), also asnad ( Metr. Dinds. iv 146.4 ; asnadh .i. osnadh, O'Cl.) and osna. Later also o, m. osnadh f., IGT Dec. § 12.3 . g s. na hosnaighe , ex. 500 . osna (f., g s. -dh, d s. -idh) § 7 . osnadh (m. g s. -aidh), § 11.25 .

(a) a sigh, groan or similar utterance (of pain, fatigue, etc.): có osnada, gl. usque ad suspiria, Ml. 31c10 . osnad .í. sním, Corm. Y 1036. ní hosnad iar m(b)ebail . . . is o.¤ iar mbúaid, FB 89. dolléci in n-osnaid as trommu cach n-osnaid, FA 20. ataig a osnaid ass, TFerbe 234 . tuc A. a ossnuth ass, IT i 122.6 . erchra in ḟir . . . dobeir osnaidh fom asnaibh, ZCP vi 265 § 20. géarosna 'na dheōidh dáiltear 'a sharp sigh is released after him', Celtica xxvi 107 § 57 . osnad áig, Metr. Dinds. iii 80.31 . ra bert a osnaid scísi fair anechtair, TBC-LL¹ 2969 , cf. 2935 (ra bert a osnad). osnadh eccomhlainn, ITS v 140.24 . pl. isin searbcarcair itáit osnadha ili, Ériu iii 30 § 17. co fogur dercháinte ┐ co trom-osnadaib sírrechtaidib, RC iv 252.8 ( LU 2408 ). osnagh groaning, Job xxiii 2. ar ndéunamh osnaidh doimhne dhósan, Mark viii 12. eagnach, osnadh, uchbhadhach, eaccaoin[e], Eg. Gl. 271. Of a strong wind : osnad gaethi móre ... coro bris na fidbada ┐ na tige ┐ robo bec narbtar mairb na doeni ar huamon 'a great soughing wind ... and it broke down woods and houses, and people well-nigh died of terror', AI 186 (s.a. 1016.7) . osnad gaíthe moire, RC xxiii 416 y .

(b) a grievance, cause of complaint, passing into sense complaint (against some one), impeachment: is o.¤ do muintir Patricc cen a tabairt cucu it is a grievance to P.'s community that it was not given to them, Trip. 82.4 . do díghail a osnaidhe, TTr. 222. forom-sa co mbenfat a n-osnaid ┐ a mmallachtain, TBC-LL¹ 197. ar omon a n-osnuidhe ┐ a mallachtan, Anecd. ii 42 § 1 . co tardsat a n-osnaid dam `malediction', MacCongl. 53.12 . don trist (.i. osnaig nó mallacht) dobert P. fair, ACL iii 20.6 .

As alleg. npr. f.: Osnad ingen Echach Amlabair, LL 276a38 . a s. Osnaid, b18 . Osnadh, ZCP xiii 18.17 . g s. Osnaidhe, ib. 18 . See osnam.