popul

Cite this: eDIL s.v. popul or dil.ie/34472
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: popul, popul, popul, popuil, phopul, popuil, popul, poplib, pobal, pubal, poibleacha, pupul, popal

n o, m. Perh. originally neut. ( ITS Sub. xxvii § 6.6 ). (Lat. populus) n s. popul mbras, Blathm. 275 . in popul , Ml. 46a18 , b28 . d s. popul, 46a7 . g s. in popuil , 45c9 , cf. Wb. 5b13 . v s. a phopul , Wb. 33a15 (cf. a popuil , Ml. 103a4 ). g du. cechtar in da popul , Ml. 46b30 . d p. donaib poplib , 123b3 . pobal, IGT Dec. § 17.21 ; the form pubal is proscribed as incorrect, exx. 735 - 7 . In Mid.Ir. the stem poip- (poib-) occurs in pl. forms; in early mod. Ir. the pl. poibleacha is usual.

In general sense a people or people ; in pupul , gl. populus, Ir. Gl. 458 . in popal , transl. populus, Trip. 2.2 .

(a) a people, tribe, nation, the inhabitants of a country (district, town) taken collectively: nad ticfed in rí nach in popul asin doiri, Ml. 46a18 . na dā phopul .i. in popul Iudaide ┐ gentlige, PH 4596 . for popul Israel, 2313 . popul Dé (i.e. the Israelites), 4900 . popul na hArábi, 5389 . popul na Temrach, TBC-LL¹ 4578 . popul cathrach Belga, CCath. 706 . pl. tabhair let na poipliu [poipli v.l.] attrebhait im sruth nEofrait the tribes, 1349 . do poiblib na hAffraice, Aen. 742 (= populos, Aeneid iv 189 ). tú it aon i n-aghaidh pobuil . . . i n-aghaidh puibleach `against a whole tribe . . . against many tribes', Content. xv 7 . do phoibleachaibh na Scot ┐ na bPict (= Scotorum Pictorumque populis), Keat. iii 1345 . rí na bPictphobal of the Pictish tribes, ii 6034 . go ndéna puibleacha seirbhís dhuit, Gen. xxvii 29 . In PH 6318 the pl. appears used of a single people: tancatar popuil creitmecha .i. Benepontini a n-anmanna, do chathugud fri genntlidib, where we should expect the sing., but see (c) below.

(b) of a large number of persons held together by some common interest or forming a society: dorónad . . . eclais ic Constantin do popul Dé (i.e. Christians), PH 481 . in popul n-apstalacda the apostolic people (i.e. the apostles and their followers), 5524 (a s.). doratad forcetul soscela do phopul na nufhiadnaise, 5512 . popul na creitmech, RC xxxvii 346 § 32 . popul na drui[d]echta, popal iat sén da fognaitis fesa ┐ faistine, CCath. 724 . Of the members of a religious community : fil in popul oc irguide dála duit `the convent', MacCongl. 29.29 , cf. 33.7 , 114.12 .

(c) folk, people (in general); the populace, crowd (common in later lit.): in bith co llín phopuil, Fél. Prol. 115 (pobal v.l.). co mba marb i fhiadnaise in popuil, PH 2478 . an pobal coitcheann the common people, TSh. 75 . poball mór daoine . . . ag eisteacht ré seanmóir congregation, ZCP iv 398.21 ; cf. popul (an aifrinn), IGT Dec. § 17.21 .

In early mod. Ir. the plural is often used in this sense: gapait na poipleacha . . . na scela so go hettrom, Fl. Earls 126.21 . eirgit . . . a ffiadnuisi na poiplech, 140.14 . an pesd do beith ac scris na poiblech (the people of the district), BCC § 253 . go ndechad se [sc. a book] . . . a tarba dona poiplechaib leghfes é the people who will read it, § 20 . ? do s[h]enmóir [Bernard] do na poiblechuibh, Mac Aingil 505.16 .