roscad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. roscad or dil.ie/35561
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: roscaid, roscada

n m. (< 2 rosc but see Celtica vii 72 n. 2 ) n p. roscaid and roscada.

(a) a legal maxim or aphorism , prob. expressed in rhythmic or dithyrambic language: roscad .i. ro-indsciged (ro-indsce LB), Corm. Y 1095 . fasach .i. roscad no dichetal, Laws v 450.6 . consuiter fir for roscadaib ┐ fasaigib, v 6.12 . ised is brethemnus .i. roscad ┐ fasach ┐ teiste[m]ain `Rechtsspruch', Cóic Con. 59 § 139 . it fasaig ┐ roscaid berthe bretha; ni brithem lasnā furecar, ZCP xi 89 § 21 . it fas brethemuin . . . manib roscad roisid, Nero A vii, 147a ( O'D. 2213 ). in beim annsa roscadh inand he ┐ indliged ata 'sa fasach, H 4.22 f. 79a ( O'Curry 2113 ). i sreathaibh roscaigh ┐ fasaigh ┐ airchetail, Auraic. 337 = rosca, 2684 YBL. roscada ri gail `maxims of might', Metr. Dinds. iii 20.241 . Roscada Flainn Fina (title of a collection of aphorisms), YBL 411a42 .

(b) later also an extemporaneous dithyrambic composition, used for retoiric and rosc: dorinne in rosgadh-sa ann, ZCP viii 541.8 = TBC-LL¹ p. 185 n. 9 (introducing a `retoiric'). in tan ba roscadh na tomaiste and, cindas no thomhsidhe? ar ni bidh lanc[h]ubaidh no taebchubhaidh and when dithyramb was measured, how was it measured ?, Auraic. 928 . drechta .i. duana no laidhe ┐ roscada, O'Dav. 589 . laidh, no roscudh, no rithlearg, MR 92.4 . mesi Cathair comramach | me do drai do degh-athair | uaim is reil im rosgadhaibh | nít [= ní?] mesctha notmaíghim-si, LL a23 (Timna Chathaír).