1 séol

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 séol or dil.ie/37186
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: seól

n o (OE segel, GOI p. 574 ) seól m., IGT Decl. § 75 . Poss. neut. in one or other sense (only in chevilles): seol ngle, Ériu xxi 155 § 38 ; seol mbil, § 40 ; seol ngorm, § 41 .

(a) a sail : séol gl. uelum, Sg. 14a15 . seol gl. carbasus, 70a13 . fernn siúil nó seól gl. artimone, Thes. i 498.32 . telcid sís na séolu, LU 6888 . co facca na corr-gabla siúil, CRR 11 . bātor seōlta tōgaibthe sealat aca sealat oile ag imramh, Fl. Earls 20.15 . níor fhéadadar a seóil do leathnughadh, Isaiah xxxiii 23 . do-chí laoidheang fa lán seóil | feadh radhairc ón iath aineóil, TD 20.30 . lán an tsiuil ga léibheann long, Aithd. D. 38.20 . fer siúil the lookout man : fear siuil do dhechsain ce hairead uathaibh go tír, BB 39a25 . Fig. go dtógbhann an bás . . . a sheólta suas go sár-aibéil, TSh. 2389 . toigébhaid téda do chroinn | seól aigeanta d'aos mearbhaill `the strings of thy instrument will hoist the sail of courage for those that are bewildered', Studies 1919, 611 § 3 . tréigfead an réim do bhí romham-sa, | léigfead síos go mín mo sheolta, Hackett xxvi 10 .

Of a piece of material, a covering : cid atá etir na clarlestraib út . . . atá seolbrat and . . . frith in seol timmarcte etir na da chlárchiste, LU 182 . sīrechtach rosrethnaiged | a seōl ndobrōin for Ere `der Schleier der Trauer', Bruchst. i 47 § 105 . Of the veil in the Temple of Jerusalem: seól mór ... do dénum to make a great veil, Ev.Inf. (LFF) 189 § 40 . Of a bed-covering: at-chonnarc and imdae . . . s.¤ (seolbrat, v.l. See Gl.) n-airgdidi impe, BDD² 991 . an awning, tent : ro boi . . . a n-oinach sin . . . fo noi cétuib seol findanart `under nine hundred awnings of white sheets', Ériu ii 100 § 4 . Of battle-gear: s.¤ catha gu cléith orraibh | sgéith dhatha ar a ndromandaib, IGT Decl. ex. 1132 .

(b) a bed, couch : séol .i. leabha, O'Cl. siul .i. imda, ut est fech sin ar siul tuas, O'Dav. 1426 . ar síul ar belaib fochlu .i. ar crann siu[i]l ┐ i n-airidhiu a seat of honour, 841 . con facca ní hinn ingin chuici ar crann siuil do as he was on the bed-stead, RC iii 344.1 . ní tharga Bresal . . . dá echtra co a sheol, SG ii 471.42 . ? To this in phr. ben siúil (cf. 2 séolad, séolae): a woman in childbed : iss i richt mná siúil | sedda Ulaid uli, LU 8357 ( FB 24 ). nert mna siúil ba h-ed no bíd la cech fer di Ultaib (of the ces noínden), LL 126a22 . fir athgaiti nó mna siuil, IT iii 193.23 . ar mna asiul, ar m-bæ ansiul `our women are pregnant, our kine barren', Hib. Min. 66.15 .

(c) a weaving implement, a loom : bacán siuil bainfighidh `the spinster's distaff', Mart. Don. 32.8 . ? To this: ní gabha ┐ ní ceard cóir, | . . . | ní figheach (fhighim, MS.) i seólaibh slinn, Hackett li 7 .

(d) course : luathred na conar conasecgaib ri seol ṅ-gáithe uasu, TBC-LL¹ 5057 . dos-bert s.¤ trom for a charpat he hastened his chariot, 2640 . tabair s.¤ étrom forsin carpat drive quietly, MU² 248 . co tarrla in tṡleg ina seol neme a mullach a hochta issin mnái, Acall. 7710 . acht narab seol gnius no gnimaiges fuithib, Laws iii 226.24 Comm . is diairimh tra in seolsa ana torcratar do laochaib . . . sund this progress? (i.e. the course of Troilus), TTr. 2220 ( LL 408a39 ). ro chansat ceól cen chorbra | for a s.¤ co sír-ṡolma, Metr. Dinds. iii 256.12 . ar in seol sin dhoibh seal daimsir `they continued so for some time', Rel. Celt. ii 202.13 . cidh nach léigidh linn ar seol | munab éidir inn d'aithcheodh, Content. viii 4 . amail canait ceól dia n-Athair | for seól bethad (of waves), ZCP v 496 § 2 . dola ar aenseol: imtusa Ruaidri o'tcuala na crecha ┐ na hechta-sin do denam do Mac Diarmata ┐ a dola ar aenseol rena dalta of his allying himself with his foster-son, Ann. Conn. 1315.12 . Freq. in chevilles: ni seol seim ni suairc soraid, SR 8086 . for seol sercc, 583 . ba seol fæthe, TBC-LL¹ 2374 . seol bind, LL 7b24 . ba seol suba, Anecd. i 57 § 57 . Fig. ni gael sidha an seol do-niad, Irish Texts iv 113.1 . mor seol nach degheol don droing | is eol do Cheneol Conuill, ii 15.41 .

(e) hence manner, way: o nar fetsat ni di forsin seol-sin, Ann. Conn. 1235.17 . ó nachar édadh teacht uirre trésin seol sin by that device, O'Gr. Cat. 8.y . bliadan lain do ┐ si oca aithidig fon seol sin in that way, RC iii 344.8 . seol .i. bes no soailgis, ut est fo seol na haimsire i mbiat .i. fo cain no fo urradus, O'Dav. 1432 . ? Of behaviour: ba hingna[d] s.¤ na hingine, Acall. 6366 . means, expedient : ro bo maith in seol aimlesa allmaraigh in t-árdrígh `a good instrument to a foreigner's prejudice', Caithr. Thoirdh. 93.31 .

(f) metaph. Of music a strain (O'Brien, Ériu xi 169 , Études Celt. iii 362 suggests that there may be a separate word here, perh. a vn. of 1 seinnid modelled on céol but see Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 244 ): ni céol side s.¤ fodgain, LU 3802 ( SCC 37 ). sephain seol salmda os bla | ba ceol n-amra n-adamra, SR 6063 . canam a ceól rocansat | na sruithi, seōl rosonsat (`the course (?) which they have sounded forth'), Ériu ii 63 § 2 . co cloisind guth na n-én n-ingnad, | seól co subai, ZCP v 496 § 3 . seol roscadach gach ráithe | in ceol sostadach síthe, SG 347.16 .

Compds.

(a) with subst.: ¤brat sail-cloth, a sail : as neimleiscce no tinoilfitis naeireada seolbrata a long, CCath. 3737 . ¤bréit sail-canvas, a sail : do chuireadar a seól-bhréidi . . . anáird, Atlantis iv 168.7 . ¤chelg: ro suidhiughit . . . ina srethettarnaidh seoilchelge they were arrayed in order in a treacherous ambush, Hugh Roe 226.5 (fo. 60a) . ¤chrand mast : sithidir seólcrand prímlui[n]gi móri, LU 6474 (TBC). isé dochoid sin séolcrand do descain na hErend, LL 12b12 . co tocbaitis na seolcraind, Cog. 156.x . ¤gnímaige activity, dexterity : re seol-ghnimhaighe a saer, MR 102.19 . ¤réim course : niór sguireadar don tseól-réim sin, Atlantis iv 168.13 . ¤shuidiugad: ag seolsuidhiughadh an ordanais placing the ordnance (for shooting), Hugh Roe 294.13 (fo. 77b) . ¤uchtach ? ic asgnamh re seol-uchtachaib, MR 112.12 .

(b) with adjj.: ¤brecc: sruth na Sinna séol-brice of the speckled sails, Metr. Dinds. iii 274.60 . ¤chomarthach: do slegaib . . . seol-chomarthacha pennanted, MR 224.2 . ¤chrannach: an griangha . . . srianach saigheadach seolchrannach having ships (of a person), Ó Bruad. iii82. x . ¤dírech: ro haimsedh eissidhe go seóildireach d'urchor do pheilér `he was shot with a straight aim', AFM v 1802.3 . ¤gasta: fir Eirionn go seolghasta `in swift course', Duan. F. i 90.2 . ¤neimnech: ro léicc saithedha seoilneimhnecha saighdiúiridhe dá saighidh `fierce and energetic bands of soldiers', AFM vi 2224.2 .