slán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. slán or dil.ie/37834

Forms: slán-seiss

adj o, ā

I

(a) whole, sound, unimpaired, healthy, safe : s.¤ gl. sospes, Sg. 66a27 . salu[u]s .i. slan, KZ xxxiii 72 § 48 . sanus .i. s.¤ , Ir. Gl. 633 . is airi asbiur ám am s.¤ ` 'tis therefore, verily, I say "I am whole"', Sg. 143a1 . mad slaán in ball iarna galar, Wb. 12b11 . cid ind aimser indat sláin ennaic som gl. salui innocentes, Ml. 76a6 . huand fairsingmenmnaigi sláin, gl. magnanimiatate (sic) salua, 136a14 . ind foisitiu . . . imfolngi in duine s.¤ , Wb. 4d33 . dobert in cú in caírig s.¤ (sláin, v.l. See Thurn. Gramm. p. 157 , 676 ). rí ro-sáer Susannam sláin, SR 7357 . rod duschi súan s.¤ subach, LU 3593 ( SC 30 ). a gell s.¤ cona ḟuillem do aisiuc the whole pledge with its interest to be returned, Críth Gabl. 288 . dar cend trín a sotha sláin `in re- turn for a third of their whole progeny', Féil. Mhic Néill 297.29 . tri hanairt slana, SR 2221 . conarlaic dó . . . | siriud s.¤ na saccraide, 3036 . tangcatar . . . s.¤ amach óna slogaib, BColm. 88.1 (adv. ?). amhail téid éin-bhiadh amháin . . . i ndochar don easlán ┐ i dtarbha don duine sh.¤ , TSh. 1113 . Of a judgement: ra-huicc-siut bretha slana `sie erhielten (fällten) heile (= volle, richtige?) Urteilssprüche', Ir. Recht 9 § 12 . midair mesemnacht s.¤ `he passed a sound judgement', Laws i 10.y . In phrase is s.¤ a menmae is joyful, in high spirits : niba slániu de latt do menma . . . dia n-aicigther, LU 6118 . ro badh s.¤ a menma ┐ roptar buidhigh dia thuitim leó `were in high spirits', FM v 1814.2 . In adverbial expression slán c(h)íall: lotar as slán chéill dia tuaith 'they went safe' Blathm. 71 . slancheill chein duib, a muindter, Auraic. 536, cf. 3166 . In greetings: s.¤ bee gl. sana sis, ave, ZCP vii 494 § 103 (Enchir. Aug.). s.¤ ann dá súainleabthuibh sróil, IGT Decl. ex. 1112 . s.¤ agad a Mhurcha mhóir farewell, PCT 151 . ná rab s.¤ d'ḟéasóig an ḟir `bad health to the fellow's beard', TD 37.2 .

(b) saved (in spiritual sense): is tre sodin bid s.¤ a anim som, Wb. 9b7 . cid natat sláin ind huli mátchobra, 28b1 . in-tíí baithsither ┐ creitfes biaid se s.¤ , PH 3705 . diam s.¤ a cubus bid s.¤ a anum, Laws iv 32.20 .

(c) Of a person noble, perfect (cf. meaning (e) infra): la slúag s.¤ soer sodath `noble', Fél. Aug. 10 . sūi slān sothchernda sochlach perfect, accomplished, Bruchst. i 48 § 2 . Samson s.¤ serig, SR 5356 . cleithi laighean leghnidhe | suí s.¤ seghainn sochlach `a perfect, comely, prudent sage', FM i 512.14 . do sruithib slánaib sochenélachaib fer nÉrend olchena, Ériu iv 124.18 .

(d) With blíadain full, complete : ar ni tosceli argumint acht bliadni sláin, Thes. ii 18.32 (BCr.). tri bliadna trichat ropsat slána do Christ, LU 2544 . o roptar slána a secht mbliadna, 9045 ( FB 79 ). bliadhain ┐ trí fichid fá s.¤ dó ag teacht i nÉirinn `he had completed his 61st year', Keat. iii 217 .

(e) Legal exempt, non-liable, safe : is iat daine i[s] slan don eclais do leagan as `the persons whom it is safe for the church to let escape', Laws iv 236.1 . is slan doib uile dia mbe trebuire they are all exempt, v 146.24 . atait secht n-aithne . . . nocha dlegat a taisic .i. is slan gach aithne dib so uile, 190.27 Comm . slan cach tothlaigthe dia fiastar cach a saithiud, iii 12.12 . sellach lan feich . . . ┐ sellach slan, i 240.26 . bit sellaig slana and chena .i. cleirig, ┐ mna, etc., 242.10 . slan cach soc[h]omsa, cach soc[h]obus, eslan cach n-ecobus i cain lanamna, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 2 § 1 = Laws ii 342.5 . imdich cach corp a meamra, ma[d] socorp, sognimuch, sobesuch, slan, sofoltach free from legal liability, ZCP xiv 369 § 30 = Laws ii 278.20 . bid slan tú o fholaid Crist `thou shalt be free from the enmity of Christ', PH 803 . deprived of, not entitled to: co ffoccarthaoi s.¤ é d'ionchaibh a chomairgedh `that they might proclaim him not entitled to protection', FM ii 1072.17

II Subst. Of persons o,m. In abstr. sense o,n. s.¤ (ón choroighecht) m. IGT Decl. § 38 . s. m. § 96 .

(a) a person free from legal disability, a sound person: in tan immurgu is creicc iter dá s.¤ is comsruit[h]iu naidm `wenn es jedoch ein Kauf zwischen zwei Vollständigen (mit gleichwertigen Objekten) ist', ZCP xiii 22.30 (translated Bürgschaft 10 § 30 ). lan cach slan, Laws iii 12.12 .i. is [s]lan he ima astad o bias lanad folad comtoirnithi ann .i. is amail no beth lan fola ann dia mbe a slanugad o cind, 20 Comm . fáilid cech s.¤ , Tec. Corm. § 13.11 .

(b) wholeness, completeness, the state of being uninjured, health (physical and moral): ferr s.¤ sásad `it is better to be healthy than glutted', RC xlv 77.x . go n-ar therno as an gcath idir sh.¤ ┐ othrus d'fhearaibh Mumhan, Ériu i 92 § 42 . da leicced Poimp da miledhaib slan a claideb d'imbirt forra-somh, CCath. 3753 . s.¤ a mhenman full desire : ar a doilgi leis can slan (lan, v.l.) a menman do tharrachtain for a naimdibh `because of his distress in not having taken full vengeance on his enemies', CCath. 1476 . s.¤ a mhenman d'échtaibh ┐ d'aidhbenaibh d'faghbhail forra, Hugh Roe 286.2 (fo. 75b) .

(c) immunity, freedom from compensation, safety : rod bi slan sert[h]oimilt caich di arailiu cen ecubus, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 54 § 26 (= Laws ii 388.14 ). dligid slan craidhe a reir breith- eaman, Laws iv 58.5 . slan .i. maithem, ut est ni slánaigethar truagh triunu . . . nach eitir leo a n-agra um aní berait uatha, O'Dav. 1410 . atbert co tibred slan do Laignib ar tidnacal Mailodrain dó that he would spare the Leinstermen in return for the surrender of M., Rawl. B 512, 115d17 . ronbia s.¤ do neoch dorigni-siu `we shall be absolved from your offences', Ériu iii 136.44 .

(d) indemnity, compensation : cate s.¤ a gill, Críth Gabl. 284 . slan ngill fir nad urnaidit ceart fri cach, Laws v 178.5 . is dosuigiu ro suide slan ngill iar fut, ro said a slan side co ruice ur-lan cumaili, 340.19 . nis fuigli nad ergeouin na bi mesach slan na fretech, i 266.13 . curub tualaing slan ┐ fretech .i. s.¤ dara cenn budéin ┐ fretech dar cenn a fine, O'D. 1632 ( H. 5.15, 17a ). im tobach a slain, Laws i 192.12 . saigid a slan iarum ar aithgabail `er betreibt darauf seine Schadloshaltung auf Grund von Pfändung', ZCP xiii 24.11 (translated Bürgschaft 13 § 42 ). ar-dibdai slan ┐ fuillium ┐ meath ┐ somaine fuilliuma, ZCP xiv 377 § 40 (= Laws ii 290.25 ). atait secht n-erca i tuaith asren a fine nad con tuillit slan na somaine cidhbe as-do-comra, Laws v 182.6 . atait secht ratha eirnither la Feine ada andsum slan ┐ somuine fria tintud `die Rücker- stattung oder den Ersatz seiner gegebenen Werte', 220.10 (trans- lated ZCP xiv 377.24 ). s.¤ uile a ndorónad and restitution for all that was done there, LU 6660 (TBC). da fhis in tibritis slan dia bhfoghail . . . asbertsat na tibritis s.¤ doib, Lism. L. 2976 .

(e) surety, security, guarantee, agreement : ro gabustair slanu um a comulladh, Laws i 6.1 . slan .i. achtugud, ut est arna combet na slana-sa . . . .i. na achtaighthi, O'Dav. 1478 . na slana badar aturo .i. maithe Ulad, RC xviii 286.25 (Tig.). ro fuair [Fergus] gur marbhadh iad tar a shlána féin, IT ii2149.684 . ní gabthái fer díb sin isin bhféin . . . nó go tucdais [a] naitri . . . slána tairrsib, SG 92.23 . teid dagra a shlana ar O nDom- naill `to make a claim on O'D. for violation of his surety', L. Ch. Suibhne 17 . mac righ Connacht do bhásughadh . . . tar slánaibh ┐ comhairge Coluim Cille, FM i 190.9 . a cur a slanaibh fair im chert do dhénamh eter gach naon, BNnÉ 203.1 . nír chuir a cor no a slán (sláin, v.l.) sinn | nírbh ál (áil, v.l.) linn gan dol fa dhoirr, IGT Decl. ex. 1002 . biad araili, slanaib síd | i ngrádaib icond ardrig, SR 3275 . ná heirg i slánaibh síotha, TD 15.45 .

(f) challenge, defiance : dorat a slan do `she defied him', Laws v 276.2 . s.¤ carad nó neamhcharad | a dhul uaibhse fá eiteach I defy friend or enemy, Measgra D. 20.15 . do ṡlán a Thaidhg a ṡéana `I defy you to deny it', Content. xv 33 . bíodh s.¤ gach éinḟir eólois | go ndearna craobh chaithreach Breagh | taom budh aithreach dá aigneadh, TD 17.59 . tugadh s.¤ gach fir impe `all men have challenged her for their own' [viz. Ireland], O'Gr. Cat. 466.18 . bīodh slān na fēine fām' fhastōghadh I defy the Fian to catch me, Feis TC 343 . s.¤ cogaid fá chloinn Uilliam `a defiance of any war against Clanwilliam' (i.e. a warn- ing to all not to undertake one), O'Gr. Cat. 376.12 . bíoth s.¤ cháich fá chomhardha | go bhfuil d'oighreacht ar Ḟiadh bhFáil | acht foirneart gliadh dá gabháil, TD 17.1 . a sh.¤ soin futhaibh I defy them to do so, Keat. iii 4225 . a sh.¤ fútha ainm an Phapa sin do thabhairt uatha I defy them to name, Eochairsg. 3.25 . tabhair mo sh.¤ fa Israel `defy Israel', Num. xxiii 7 . benfat-sa de a chenn | ’s a shlán fa fheraib Érenn 'whatever the consequences to the people of Ireland' Celtica x 108 § 17 .

Compds.

(a) With nouns. ¤aeb perfect beauty (?): ri rodelb datha na ṅgaeth | rosderb fri sratha s., SR 54 . ¤aisecc safe return, restoration : do comallad brēithir . . . Coluimcille ria slánaisec . . docum a mathar doridhissi for his safe return, RC xxiv 62 n. 5 . ¤alt: iarom ba halacht Mugain | s. rodá samsu- baid, LU 4300 . ¤abb noble abbot : ranag i Rachrainn na righ | gu slanab sil Cuinn is Che[i]n, ZCP x 53.10 . ¤breth: dia sasar slanbrethaib seanc[h]a[d] la Feine complete, correct judgement (?), Laws v 458.9 . ¤chaingen: ri co saidbrib slanchaingen, SR 8097 . ¤chotlud sound sleep : s. Iohannis, Fél. Dec. 27 . ¤chrécht a wound in the state of healing, a healed wound (?): atrái a maic mór-Ulad fót sláncréchtaib, TBC² 1812 (rhetoric). ¤chride: is tre ḟir flathemon . . . somaine sadaile slanchride `heiles Hertz', ZCP xi 81 § 13 . nis nernifi sith slaincridhe, Leb. Gab. 28.21 . ¤dílgud complete forgiveness : slandilgud cinad Adaim, SR 1654 . mad sháil línd slan-dilgud ar cinad, PH 5218 . ¤dliged: is ed didiu s. salto salua ratio, Thes. ii 10.5 . ¤ḟuidir one of the sub-divisions of the `fuidir' class of tenant (exact meaning uncertain); see Ir. Recht p. 75 : ataat .uii. fuid(i)re la Feniu . . . slanfuidir, soerfuidir, ibid. 65 § 7 . ¤íc complete cure; salva- tion : srotha slanicí somblasta somilsi, BB 243a24 . dá chur san tobar shláin-íce, TSh. 4733 . do'n chorn tsláin-íce na Páise, Eochairsg. 52.3 . ¤íccid, later ¤íccide a saviour; a healer : ro chreit in slánicid Isu Crist, LU 2270 (FA). eipistil int Ṡlánícceda ar Coimded-ne, Ériu ii 192 § 1 . as éisim sláinícidhe tsíl Adhaim aithremail the healer, ZCP viii 205.13 . Also a salve, balsam : admuinur in slánicid foracab Diancecht lia muntir corop slán ani forsate, Thes. ii 249.9 . cengal na mbuidél ina roibe in tslániccidh, RC xix 40.9 . ¤ṡén healing omen : lossa síde ┐ lubi ícci ┐ slansén, TBC 2478 . ¤ṡúilige: ro geallad nem ┐ s. (slánsánlige, v.l.) don tí la[sa] mbíad . . . in t-ámrad-sa Senaín good eyesight (?), ZCP iii 225.3 .

(b) With adjj. ¤chréchtach: go beith sleamhain sláin- chréachtach dhó, TSh. 2321 `in a state of healthy, rapidly- healing wounds?' Gl. slánaigid triana fertaib . . . corbat sláincrechtaig dia éis, Lism. L. 3127 . dobhí slemhon sláin- chrechtach iarsin, Ériu v 102.7 . ¤dírech quite straight : emuin .i. eomuin, eo rectum uel bonum moin a monte. emuin didiu slándīrech, O'Mulc. 388 . ¤etarg(g)airech: rop s. fírión iter lobru ┐ tríunu impartial (lit. soundly-mediating), Críth Gabl. 526 .

(c) With verb: slán-seiss hail (lit. thou shalt sit safe), LU 8242 ( Hail Brigit 1 ). See saidid.