1 sul, suil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 sul, suil or dil.ie/39285

 

Forms: sol, soil, siul, sul, suil, sul

(résiu+ro, see Stokes, CCath. Gloss . s.v. sú) conjunction folld. by rel. form of verb. With lenition of follg. consonant when folld. directly by verb (see DDána Gloss . ); but the combinations sul a, sul fo cause nasalization except in the past tense of regular verbs. Also sol, soil, Fl. Earls 70.10 , Luc. Fid. 237.2 . siul, TBC-LL¹ 3475 = sīu, TBC-I¹ 2672 . re sul, AU ii 224.4 . sul added in marg. after síu, PH 1042 . ? as suil , ML² 2096 (in verse). sul a gcuirthear, Dánta Gr. 26.26 . sul ar ghabh sí, SG 1.9 . sul fó dtugam, Oss. iv 144.9 . sul fó dtáinig, vi 66.7 . With follg. neg. sul nach sgarud, ZCP vi 105.5 . sul nar fagaibh, Stair Erc. 1052 . The form sul is incorrect in syll. verse according to 24 P 8, 238 cited Aithd. D. Gloss .

(a) before . With indic.: sul tarraid a n-etráin, TBC-LL¹ 4579 . suil adralsat a ngliaid nglé, Metr. Dinds. iii 272.35 . sul do fhacaib Meadb in mag, 364.113 . suil do baistedh in naoidhin, BNnÉ 132.10 . suil tarla i dtoirchim, TD 24.33 . sul táinig Pádraic, Keat. i 226.16 . suil do bhí an talamh ann `or ever the earth was', Proverbs viii 23 . siul gairmes in cailech, TBC-LL¹ 3475 . sul éirgius lucht in baile, SG 243.16 . bláth ar n-olc sul aibghigheas, DDána 11.15 . na trí chonnsuine dhég . . . suil chuireas .h. a n-iomad áirmhe íad until they are increased by the addition of h, IGT Introd. § 1 (1.15) . sul sguirfeas mé `before I cease', Content. v 47 . sul íosfam iad, TSh. 8897 .

With condit.: sul do féadfaidhe ar n-eadráin before we could be separated, Content. xv 20 . sol ticfadh ēn-ghloine . . . este, Fl. Earls 70.10 .

With subjunctive: sul donéor mo mudu, TBC-LL¹ 3078 . sulbustrasta imbarach before this time tomorrow, 4271 (sul tí, v.l.). sul deach ar saoghal seachoinn `ere my life be spent', Dán Dé iv 8 . suil tí ara thoil, L. Cl. A. B. 172.3 . a héideadh Dé sul dheachar, DDána 58.19 . sul dechus grian fai, Fier. 26 . ro marbadh é féin inn . . . re sul budh cenn mís (impf. subj.?), AU ii 224.4 .

(b) before in sense of rather than that, lest . With subj.: créad nár áirmhis tríochaid céad | sul do churthaoi im leith-si bréag rather than that I should be accused of a lie, Content. v 150 . With future: is erlam sinde fri bás . . . síu (sul) dogénum édpart do na deeb we are ready to die rather than make sacrifice to the gods, PH 1042 . suil bhus saoghlach sinn rather than that I should live, TD 11.38 . With conditional: sul do chífed a oidi . . . amlaid sin hí rather than that her foster-father should see her thus, Acall. 2986 . suil do beradh taobh . . . | le drochbreithir nD., Cog. 88.24 . suil do cluinfinn an t-allmurach ac rád na m-briathar so, CF 942 . sul dobeinn isin carcair-so, ZCP vi 100.17 . sol tiocfadh a dtimchioll an b[hoile], Cín Lae Ó Meall. 46.20 .

(c) Hence rather than that, lest : sul lenus sé in chalann (of the soul), O'Gr. Cat. 446.14 . With pres. subj.: suil sgara sinne . . . ruibh, Aithd. D. 92.22 . sul mhealla sé sinn ar-aon | ná féach ar an bhfolt lest it beguile both of us, Dánta Gr. 16.65 . suil bheas aimhréidh eatarra `lest there be disagreement between them', TD 24.3 . sul dheach meas ar méad mo chean, DDána 7.24 . With impf. subj.: suil tísiodh oilbhéim lest reproach should come, L. Cl. A. B. 208.18 .