tengae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tengae or dil.ie/40504
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: tenge, tengae, tinga, tengaid, tengad, tengad, tengad, —aid, tenga, teng, teng, theangaidh, t[h]ing, theing, teng, teangaid, tengtha, teṅgad, tengthaib, —adh, —aidh, —thadh, dteangthadh, teanguidh, tengtha, theangtha, tengtha, theangan, teangain

n t, f. n s. tenge, Wb. 23c20 . tengae, Mon. Tall. 142.20 . tinga, AU i 34.9 . a s. cin tengaid , BColm. 26.10 . g s. in (? leg. inna) tengad , Ml. 31b24 . na tengad , PH 7490 . d s. hi tengad (? leg. —aid), Ml. 33d20 . dia tenga , Laws v 142.5 . Also in sg. teng (? orig. dat. only): n s. teng, O'Dav. 1349 = theangaidh, Ériu xiii 29.7 . Anecd. ii 74.4 . d s. t[h]ing, ZCP v 484 § 9 = theing, iii 378.19 (B. na f.). ting, O'Cl. ? ca teng , ZCP xi 109 § 16 . Cf. Duach Teangumha, Keat. iii 692 . n du. da teangaid , Laws v 510.8 . n p. tengtha, Fél. Ep. 125 . g p. teṅgad, SR 825 . d p. tengthaib, LU 2188 . In syll. verse f., g s. —adh, d s. —aidh, g p. —thadh, IGT Decl. § 4 . g p. dteangthadh, Dán Dé xvii 26 . n s. teanguidh, James iii 5 . g s. tengtha, AU iii 136.12 . d du. a nda theangtha , Donlevy v 2 . g p. tengtha, Ériu iv 108.4 . In Mod. Ir. also as n-stem: g s. theangan, Luc. Fid. 200.8 . a s. gan teangain , O'Gr. Cat. 121.36.

I

(a) tongue: tenga .i. tē i ngabann si .i. in bēl tall, Corm. Y 1247 (cf. next ex.). tal uime ... ro curthea a teinidh ... ┐ dobertea teanga tairis (an ordeal), IT iii 190.y . etngad .i. cen tenga[i]d, O'Mulc. 473 . tengtha fodlaide amal tenid, PH 5368 . do foillsigheadh dhóibh teangtha sgoiltidhthe mar theine, Acts ii 3 .

(b) the tongue considered as an organ of speech: huare ... as né gnim tengad comlabrae, Ml. 31b24 , cf. 23 . lūrech arbaig mo thenga `of which my tongue boasteth,' Thes. ii 353.3 . i cinaid ... do thengad, Laws i 156.x . marbad na tengad ... in t-athimrád, PH 7490 . clúas a dūan do thengthaib bard, Hail Brigit 9 . ní gabhthar géill na teangadh `ní féidir buadhachtaint ar an bhfilidheacht,' DDána 82.28 . inn é gíall for tengtha de | ruc Níall cen erchra úaib-si (of men unable to answer), Ériu iv 108.4 . fer do bfearr tenga ┐ erlabra do ghaoidhealaibh ina aimsir, AFM iv 930.y . Hence in idiomatic phrases: do-reilced a tenga dí indiu she has been given a free tongue today, ZCP xvii 199.8 ( LU 10031 but see Echtrae Chonnlai 173 ). bui ... cómlaintius cech uilc isin corp sin ... cenmotha a thenga ... is aire roléced a thenga dó, LB 143a8 . tenga do denam orum, Fier. 224 v.l. =dochraite do rada riumsa, text. Enri hUa N. do denum tengtha maithi re Mac nD. `good discourse,' AU iii 136.12 .

(c) language: et (leg. ut) conf(o)undamus ling[u]as eorum .i. co romelāchtnaigem ... a dtengta impo, Auraic. 2431 = berla, 141 . a tteanguidh ar máthar, Studies, 1919, 438 § 2 . Muiredhach na tengadh o Sleibin, RC xvii 361.29 . nó labhradh tenga na ttuath n-echtrann, AFM vi 1920.16 . dá labhrainn teangtha na ndaoine ... gan an grádh agam = si linguis hominum loquar, TSh. 9411 . a ttengaidh Edāillisi, Fl. Earls 90.3 . ré tosuighibh na teangtha Gaoidheilge, Donlevy v 11 . Hence: fer tenghta an interpreter , BCC 308.7 , 8 . fer tengha eile, 262.32 . Cf. a bheith aige amhuil fhir theangan, phattruin ┐ ghuidheadoir a bhfiadhnaise De spokesman , Luc. Fid. 200.8 .

(d) tongue or clapper of a bell: bā sī tengu ind cluic, MacCongl. 123.21 . clocc ... cin tengaid, BColm. 26.10 . a rún thuigeas teangtha clog (Mary), Aithd. D. 97.29 . in bail a mbenfa a th.¤ re bhar cclocc, BNnÉ 16.22 .

(e) part of a cross (? the upright from crossbar up): cedir in cos feibh adcúas, | gius in crann boi etarbhūas | a tenga ba cupris cain, | [ocus] ba bethe a titail, ZCP viii 107.13 .

II

(a) In med. terms. t.¤ con: lingua canis .i. tenga con `common hound's tongue,' ACL i 330 § 127 . t.¤ énáin lingua avis, stitchwort: tenga enain, Rosa Angl. 142.8 . lingua avis pingula, .i. an teangadh eanain is mor a brigh, 3 B 15 (cited Rosa Angl. Gloss. ). lingua avis .i. in teanga enan, RC ix 242.3 . 237.6 . t.¤ orcan some part of the (calf of) the leg: co tarla erchor díb i tengaid orcan Dondgillai, RC xiii 104.19 = SG 385.7 . an affection of this part of the leg (?): (caulis hortensis) item dentar luaith dhi ...┐ cuirtear ar na hiosgaduibh ┐ icaidh an teanga urcan, 23 K 42, 394.y .

(b) In nn. pr.: Scithi tenga eoin (n. of a woman), Rawl. 134b13 . Duach Tenga-huma rig Connacht, Trip. 552.20 .