trú

Cite this: eDIL s.v. trú or dil.ie/42078

Forms: tr, trotha, trotha, trutha, trothaibh, truthaibh, trúgh, thrúidh, truith, troithe

n k, m. and f. d s. tr, ZCP xii 386.34 . In Mod. Ir. also as dental stem, IGT Decl. § 21 . n p. trotha, Misc. Ir. Archaeol. Soc. i 4.9 . So regularly in Ó Bruad. n p. trotha, ii 268.10 . trutha, 282.1 . d p. trothaibh, 276.7 . truthaibh, i 50.3 . Note also n s. trúgh (trú, v.l.), i 72.17 . ? v s. a thrúidh , p. 116 n. ? g s. truith, 74.2 . Cf. n p. troithe, Duan. F. ii 394.4 .

(a) a doomed person, one who is fey: trū quasi do-ru .i. dōig a tuitim; a verbo ruo. Vel tī-ru, ar tī tuitme atā. Vel a Troia dicitur .i. ar a mince a hairsen, Corm. Y 1237 . trūagh ... .i. āgusta dō gurab trū he dreads being `trú,' 1238 . troid ... quasi trú-ait .i. ait ī la troich, 1248 . troich .i. mairb, H 3.18, 531.16 . dorigni troich ṅdorchaid dé | co torchair i cath Giluáe (David and Saul), SR 6397 . am trúsa ... ó gabussa gaisced niro la imroll mo urchur cussindiu, LU 3280 ( SCC 7 ). ní indóig lim cid t.¤ , BDD² 1141 . a Fhir diad ... | ... isat lomthru, TBC-LL¹ 3660 . ra thathaim in tan ba t.¤ , LL 133a1 . atgéoin ... in drúi for labrad E. ropad t.¤ , RC xiii 450.y . madh saeglach intí téid da fegadh tibaigh tar a bruach amach; mad tru ... ni tic tar a hor amach (of a miraculous well), Todd Nenn. 197 n. g . na dumacha derboile | a cailltib ard-Almaine, | is trū nō is methach a ngnīm | intī nosgeib fo comlīn, ZCP v 23 § 3 . cach trén bid truag no bid t.¤ , Ériu v 211.4 . a l-lá ndēdenach di sechtmain ōenaich Tailten flaith na faigbi is t.¤ issin blīadain sin is destined to die that year, ZCP xiii 372.24 . nā tuc táib ri troich `do not trust one that is fey,' KMMisc. 266.2 . crāu-dortad troch, ZCP xiii 376.13 . is ferr t.¤ iná truagān truag, Ériu ix 45 § 6 . bidh a n-inill nech is t.¤ | is bidh a n-eisinill étrú, ZCP vii 302.x ( Dánfhocail 242 ). is bec in glōir bud dū dī | fōill in trū ocus a t[h]reissi (i.e. the body), ACL iii 238 § 4. gille as mhó d'innmhe ... | biaidh 'n-a throich ... | dá dtí go hadhbhaidh Iofruinn, DDána 35.13 . im throich bhí a haithle mh'anma, Dánta Gr. 28.27 . ba tenm teinedh tar trocha, Leb. Gab.(i) 100.2 . mo thruaighe na trocha nach tuigid mar thig an bás go hobann, TSh. 526 . Med. da sgeithi na bith t'aire ris uair is tru é, Irish Texts v 7 .x .

In phrases: robud do throich `warning to a doomed man' (a futile undertaking), Triads 83 . bā robad do throich, MacCongl. 71.20 . roba robadh do throich a thegasc, ML² 258 . Cf. t.¤ nach géabhadh gargrobhadh, PBocht 19.24 . i treib throch, Bruchst. 55 § 123 = AFM ii 648.17 . ba toirm troch riana thrágud `it was the noise of one doomed before his dissolution,' Metr. Dinds. iii 412.31 . ropo thurus troch fo thráig, 406.27 . iar troch togairm, Arch. Hib. ii 55 § 13.

Attrib. gen. fatal, doomed: bidba troch `a culprit fated to evil doom,' Metr. Dinds. iii 172.66 (cf. Keat. ii 2102 ). cotlud troch sleep of the doomed, fatal sleep: is cotlad troch sin ar cind aigi ┐ cūanart, TBC-I¹ 2507 . a chodladh níor chodladh troch, Content. iv 59 . ba tinnabrad troch do Congal- in codla sin, MR 168.y . ropo gleō fri demna troch `it was a fight against demons of doomed men,' Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 20.y . réim troch `a fatal course ,' Metr. Dinds. iv 182.15 . sáethar troch, iii 376.20 . dos-berad fo thaidbsin troch `would make them seem like men doomed to death,' RC xiv 404.26 . telgun troch `the lying down of a doomed man' (cf. cotlud troch, supra), Ériu ii 56 § 6 . fo thinniu throch `in pangs of suffering,' Metr. Dinds. iv 94.38 . Cf. troich do thinme, Bruchst. i 21 § 44 . re h-ucht troch do timdhibhe, MR 64.6 . treabhadh troch dhúin an domhan to cultivate this world is for us a hopeless undertaking, DDána 24.14 . turchairthe troch (of a pig), Irish Texts i 26 § 8.

(b) In more general sense of wretch, miserable person; villain, blackguard: dob í culaidh an treas troch `of the third wretch,' TD 44.8 . mairg do rothaobhuigh thú, a thruaigh, | a th.¤, a dhrochshaoghail, DDána 53.8 . t.¤ bhíos na bhastord ` scamp ,' O'Gr. Cat. 555.34. gan aonurraim ó'n troch (leg. troich ?) do'n tigerna `without respect showed by loon to lord,' Caithr. Thoirdh. 144.29 . do chur na ttroch ar merbhall, | nach tug termann da naoimh-cill, BNnÉ 148.15 . in t.¤ dhuaibhseach, TSh. 3742 . re truthaibh tréigthe an ríogh `the wretches who betrayed ...,' Ó Bruad. i 50.3 . ag leadhbadh truith `to trounce a ruffian,' 74.2 . trotha craois dochuaidh re holc, ii 268.6 .

Compds. ¤buiden: trochbuidne taeb-tolla tuath rebta (of defeated troops), Celt. Rev. iv 14.24 . ¤chalma: nír sguir dona tuathamaidecha taobhainmhecha troichchalma sin, no gur thuitedar despairingly valorous , Comp. CC 130.11 .