1 túath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 túath or dil.ie/42241

Forms: thō[i]th, toatha, tótha, Tuathann, thuathadh

n ā, f. d s. fo thō[i]th , Laws iv 340.4 ( Mac Neill, Law of Status 308 ). n a p. toatha, ZCP xi 97 § 56 . tótha, Laud 610, 99va23 . g p. Tuathann, L.Chl.Suibhne 64.x . Maguires of F. 29.21 . thuathadh, DDána 104.9 . IGT Decl. § 39 (91.18) .

(a) people: di fordiuclaimmim mu thuai- these, Ml 34b6 . oc ditin do thuathe, 37c15 . niba samlid doemsa mo thuaid insin `my people,' 37c20 . for rí nach far tuad, 46a14 . á tuath fessine, 57d9 . hi comtherchomruc na tuade gl. in uaccis populorum, Tur. 76 . bid tuad domsa mo nebthuad, Wb 4d1 . cossóit a thuaithe fri dia, 5a23 . in tuáth huile, 5b24 . huasna tuathaib dermáraib, SR 1974 . cia tuath duit no cía cenél, 3296 . dolléicetar iltúatha dí `many companies are left a prey to it' ( ÉC ii 13 ), TBFr. 415 . tuathaib ilib with many peoples, LU 3425 . ar bélaib iltúath, 5456 . tongu na-tongat mo thuath, ScM.² 16 . tongusa a toingthe mo thúatha, BDD² 707 . tredan ... | nō throscud cech mīss | dlegar isna mōrthūathaib | i mbī cretem Chrīst, ZCP xiii 29.10 . trī tūatha ... | ... | clann Murchada ... | clann Dālaigh is clann Domhnaill, ZCP viii 116 § 7 . eter in uli thuath ┐ cenél, PH 823 . ar tuathaib na Tiabanda, TTebe 3475 .

(b) Of specific peoples with qual. gen.: tūatha abacc the beaver-tribes , Bruchst. i 66 § 152 . tuath Amalech the Amalekites , PH 8044 . fri tūaith Cannán the Canaanites , Thes. ii 319.7 . t.¤ God's people, the Israelites: tuáth dae ┐ popul dáe, Ml 94a6a . tuáth dáe, Wb 30b14 . ar thúaith Dé, Fél. Prol. 142 . la prímthóisech túaithi Dé .i. la Moyse, Ériu iv 142.3 . for tūaith Hérenn the people of Ireland, Thes. ii 317.4 . do thúathaib Fēne, 317.3 . tuatha feochra Filistín, SR 5730 . de thúaith Íssu `of Jesu's folk ,' Fél. Ep. 396 . eter noi ngradaib aingel ┐ nóemthuath ríchid, LU 2472 . co Temhrach tuaithe tescomarr `so that he may rescue the tribes of Tara,' O'Dav. 1552 = condo Temhrach tuaithe tescmarr, Ériu xiii 17.9 . sen-tuatha Temra, MR 4.3 . tuatha Temrach, ML² 1147 . ar tuathaib Teftha, 172 . Cf. Túatha Dé Danann and see aithechthúatha.

II

(a) country, territory: techt a tuáith i tuiaíth `going from country to country,' Wb 15d32 . i túaith Egept, SR 3144 . de cach leith dar túatha | domm-ísat `over coun- tries,' Fél. Ep. 35 . —is mall cu tudchad. —is imrighin in tuath `the country is very stiff' (i.e. difficult to travel), Trip. 208.18 . fo hill-tuathaib in domain, PH 6452 . an- manna na tuath ... docum a ndechudar na techta, St. Ercuil 137.

(b) In Laws `territory, petty kingdom, the political and jurisdictional unit of ancient Ireland,' Críth Gabl. p. 109 . See also Mann. and Cust. i xcii , Mac Neill, PRIA xxix C 88 ff. Can refer either to the actual territory or to its inhabitants, see also under I supra: ri aen tuaite, secht cet laech lais .i. ri ac ata aen tuath .i. xxx. ced d'ferund, Laws v 50.1 , 3 Text and Comm. is t.¤ oirdnither ríi[g], ní rí(g) o[i]rdnither túaith, Críth Gabl. 494 . is túaithe cammae comarggud óenaig the arranging of an óenach belongs to the t.¤ , 504 . cis lir ata chóra[i] do ríg do giull fora thúatha ? 506 . in gabail bis itir di tu[a]ith oc denam cana ┐ cairdi, Laws i 158.20 Comm. oc dun breitheaman na tuaiti, iv 106.2 Comm. fri corus tuaithe, iii 14.z . druth tuaithe, O'D. 2283 ( Rawl. 506, 25d ). in fer túaithe, Críth Gabl. 2 . fri ... forrechtu tuaithe `regulations of a territory,' Laws i 104.z . grá[d] túa[i]the, Críth Gabl. 4 . do lessaib túaithe on public business, 598 . co muilend tuaithi `to the mill of a territory,' Laws iii 272.16 . rí teora t.¤ , Críth Gabl. 459 . go rí tuath, Laws iv 226.15 . letheneclann rígh túaithe ... letheneclann righ túath, Ériu xiii 45.15 . ceitheora sabaid tuaithe `four dignitaries of a territory,' Laws i 54.7 . fri sochride tuaithe, iii 20.21 . im taistellach tuaithe, i 184.15 . cach t.¤ a tindscra, Arch. iii 226.32 . ferr tūath tindscra, Anecd. iii 18.17 .

(c) Hence in sagas, etc. with ref. to various territories: do thig ríg a thúaithi, BDD² 226 . techt día tuaid to go to his country, LU 3623 . tuatha tá i dtimcheall Caisil, DDána 74.12 . na seacht dtuatha déag, 74.14 . leag na seacht dtuatha dá dtoighibh, Aithd.D. 26.15 . na naoi dtuatha (of the Maguire country at Lough Erne), 28.19 . Note also: crioch ┐ torann Ereann ... o thá cuicceadh co tuaith, ó thuaith co baile, FM i 116.z . a t[h]āthóir na dtuath, ML² 1288 . is ionann tuath ┐ tighearnas, Keat. ii 214.y .

III The state as opposed to the church; the laity; lay pro- perty, secular buildings: dliged tuaithe i neclais ┐ dliged necalsa i tuaith, Laws iii 32.5 . cach thuath co rig; cach ri co na thuaith do cum necalsa co na gradaib, 26.13 . do reir tuaithi ┐ eclaisi, AU i 546.8 . nī dlig sāire ... fhir gráid i tūaith nā i n-eclais, Ériu i 218.13 . etir tuáith `among the lay-folk,' Wb 28d31 , cf. 25 , 27 . eiter tuaid, Mon. Tall. 153.28 . for óis tuaithe `to the laity,' Wb 16d7 . ond áes tuaithe, 28b32 . muilend túathi `a mill of the laity' (opp. to `muilend ecalsa'), Ériu ii 204.19 . menma re cill, cūl re tūaith, Arch. iii 306 § 9 . do na tuathaib ┐ do na cellaib, PH 4188 . críoch Luighne ... | idir thuaith uile is eaglais, TD 32.66 . ro creachadh ... eitir thuaith ┐ thearmann, FM v 1682.11 . Cf. aes tuaithi ┐ daescarshlúag ` heathens ,' Lism.L. 4327.

Cf. do bhrígh gurab ar an tuaith áitighid a n-urmhór ` in the country ,' Keat. i 60.22 .

Frequ. in nn. loc., see Hog. Onom. Cf. also: i mMruig thuaithe, Thes. ii 263.37 .

Compds. ¤bard: tuathbard, IT iii 5.10 . arachan tuatha tuathbhard, Ériu xiii 42.z . ¤gnás: Cnoc T. co túath-gnáis tig `fair resort of the people,' Met. Dinds. iii 370.63 . ¤mag: for tuathmaig na Temra `upon the plain-land of Tara,' MS. Mat. 492.11 (or for túaid- ?). Mugnai tuathmuig lethan, LB 101.21 = Mugnai tuaith, mag lethan, Fél. Dec. 11 (n. loc.?). ¤thír: dia tuaithtir rothinólsat (túaid- ?), SR 5748 . Also in nn. pr.: oróit ar Tuathcharán, Thes. ii 287.8 . Tuathgal, 286.23 . Other compds. treated separately.